E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Anemia in school-going adolescent girls of age between 11 and 16 years in rural area – A cross-sectional study

Kuldeep Mitkari, H V Wadgave, S J Haralkar.

Abstract
Background: Adolescent age group (10–19 years) is characterized by rapid physical, psychological, and cognitive development. This is a vulnerable period for the development of nutritional anemia. Lack of knowledge concerning nutrition is one of the most significant reasons for nutritional problems and inappropriate nutritional practices can lead to numerous complications.

Objectives: The objectives of the study were (1) to estimate the prevalence of anemia among school-going adolescent girls aged 11–16 years in rural area, (2) to know sociodemographic factors associated with anemia, and (3) to assess knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding anemia and its prevention.

Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in rural area during November 1, 2018–January 15, 2019 among 1152 school-going adolescent girls of age between 11 and 16 years and resident of rural area using multistage sampling method.

Results: In rural school-going adolescent girls, the prevalence of anemia was 67.36%. Anemia in adolescent girls was significantly associated with mother’s education and occupation. About 44.18%, 43.4%, and 38.28% girls did not know about causes, symptoms, and prevention of anemia, respectively. About 53.82% of girls worried about anemia, 61.81% of girls like to eat iron-rich food, and 64.76% of girls think that iron-rich foods are beneficial in anemia. About 21.88% of girls eat iron-rich foods and 57.2% eat Vitamin C rich foods regularly.

Conclusion: There was poor knowledge in girls and unsatisfactory practices about anemia and its prevention, but positive attitude was seen to prevent anemia.

Key words: Anemia; Adolescent; Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Study


 
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Pubmed Style

Mitkari K, Wadgave HV, Haralkar SJ. Anemia in school-going adolescent girls of age between 11 and 16 years in rural area – A cross-sectional study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2020; 9(9): 508-513. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05060202021092020


Web Style

Mitkari K, Wadgave HV, Haralkar SJ. Anemia in school-going adolescent girls of age between 11 and 16 years in rural area – A cross-sectional study. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=104443 [Access: November 01, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05060202021092020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mitkari K, Wadgave HV, Haralkar SJ. Anemia in school-going adolescent girls of age between 11 and 16 years in rural area – A cross-sectional study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2020; 9(9): 508-513. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05060202021092020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mitkari K, Wadgave HV, Haralkar SJ. Anemia in school-going adolescent girls of age between 11 and 16 years in rural area – A cross-sectional study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2020), [cited November 01, 2020]; 9(9): 508-513. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05060202021092020



Harvard Style

Mitkari, K., Wadgave, . H. V. & Haralkar, . S. J. (2020) Anemia in school-going adolescent girls of age between 11 and 16 years in rural area – A cross-sectional study. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 9 (9), 508-513. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05060202021092020



Turabian Style

Mitkari, Kuldeep, H V Wadgave, and S J Haralkar. 2020. Anemia in school-going adolescent girls of age between 11 and 16 years in rural area – A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 9 (9), 508-513. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05060202021092020



Chicago Style

Mitkari, Kuldeep, H V Wadgave, and S J Haralkar. "Anemia in school-going adolescent girls of age between 11 and 16 years in rural area – A cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 9 (2020), 508-513. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05060202021092020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mitkari, Kuldeep, H V Wadgave, and S J Haralkar. "Anemia in school-going adolescent girls of age between 11 and 16 years in rural area – A cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 9.9 (2020), 508-513. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05060202021092020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mitkari, K., Wadgave, . H. V. & Haralkar, . S. J. (2020) Anemia in school-going adolescent girls of age between 11 and 16 years in rural area – A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 9 (9), 508-513. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05060202021092020





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