E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Knowledge, attitude, and utilization of skilled birth attendants in a rural community in Southern Nigeria: A mixed method survey

Esohe Olivia Ogboghodo, Vincent Yakubu Adam, Vivian Ossaidiom Omuemu, Obehi Hilda Okojie.

Abstract
Background: The World Health Organization recommends that women be attended by skilled birth attendants (SBAs) during delivery to improve maternal and newborn health and to achieve the maternal mortality target of the sustainable development goals (SDGs).

Objectives: The objectives of the study were to assess the knowledge, attitude, and utilization of SBAs among women of reproductive age in a rural community in Edo State, Nigeria.

Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design among a total population of women of reproductive age was carried out. Data collection was by mixed methods using a pre-tested, interviewer-administered questionnaire, and focus group discussion (FGD) Guide. Ethical clearance to conduct this study was sought and obtained from the Ethical Committee, University of Benin Teaching Hospital. Quantitative data collected were analyzed using international business machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 21.0 while qualitative data were analyzed thematically using ATLAS.ti software. Logistic regression was applied to calculate crude odds ratios, adjusted odds ratios (AORs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and p-values of the quantitative data. The level of significance was set at P < 0.05.

Results: A total number of 484 persons (comprising 465 respondents and 19 FGD participants) were surveyed. The study showed good knowledge 421 (92.1%), positive attitude 405 (88.6%), and good utilization 410 (88.2%) of SBAs. The determinants of utilization of SBAs were age (AOR: 1.086 95% CI: 1.020–1.155), knowledge of respondents (AOR: 0.034 95% CI: 0.012–0.098), and cost of services (AOR: 0.348 95% CI: 0.157–0.772).

Conclusion: Knowledge, attitude, and utilization of SBAs were found to be good among the studied population. The determinants of utilization should be used as major points for international electrotechnical commission in key intervention programs.

Key words: Skilled Birth Attendant; Utilization; Knowledge and Attitude


 
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Pubmed Style

Ogboghodo EO, Adam VY, Omuemu VO, Okojie OH. Knowledge, attitude, and utilization of skilled birth attendants in a rural community in Southern Nigeria: A mixed method survey. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(1): 61-69. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.1028620102018


Web Style

Ogboghodo EO, Adam VY, Omuemu VO, Okojie OH. Knowledge, attitude, and utilization of skilled birth attendants in a rural community in Southern Nigeria: A mixed method survey. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=10822 [Access: March 21, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.1028620102018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ogboghodo EO, Adam VY, Omuemu VO, Okojie OH. Knowledge, attitude, and utilization of skilled birth attendants in a rural community in Southern Nigeria: A mixed method survey. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(1): 61-69. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.1028620102018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ogboghodo EO, Adam VY, Omuemu VO, Okojie OH. Knowledge, attitude, and utilization of skilled birth attendants in a rural community in Southern Nigeria: A mixed method survey. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2019), [cited March 21, 2019]; 8(1): 61-69. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.1028620102018



Harvard Style

Ogboghodo, E. O., Adam, . V. Y., Omuemu, . V. O. & Okojie, . O. H. (2019) Knowledge, attitude, and utilization of skilled birth attendants in a rural community in Southern Nigeria: A mixed method survey. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 8 (1), 61-69. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.1028620102018



Turabian Style

Ogboghodo, Esohe Olivia, Vincent Yakubu Adam, Vivian Ossaidiom Omuemu, and Obehi Hilda Okojie. 2019. Knowledge, attitude, and utilization of skilled birth attendants in a rural community in Southern Nigeria: A mixed method survey. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (1), 61-69. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.1028620102018



Chicago Style

Ogboghodo, Esohe Olivia, Vincent Yakubu Adam, Vivian Ossaidiom Omuemu, and Obehi Hilda Okojie. "Knowledge, attitude, and utilization of skilled birth attendants in a rural community in Southern Nigeria: A mixed method survey." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8 (2019), 61-69. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.1028620102018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ogboghodo, Esohe Olivia, Vincent Yakubu Adam, Vivian Ossaidiom Omuemu, and Obehi Hilda Okojie. "Knowledge, attitude, and utilization of skilled birth attendants in a rural community in Southern Nigeria: A mixed method survey." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8.1 (2019), 61-69. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.1028620102018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ogboghodo, E. O., Adam, . V. Y., Omuemu, . V. O. & Okojie, . O. H. (2019) Knowledge, attitude, and utilization of skilled birth attendants in a rural community in Southern Nigeria: A mixed method survey. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (1), 61-69. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.1028620102018





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