E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Gastrointestinal symptoms in coronavirus disease 2019 presentation in Saudi Arabia

Hussein Balfaqih, Mobarak Alsaluli, Ali Alsalhi, Mohammed Aljawad, Mohammed Gana, Jehad Alsihati.

Abstract
Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection has announced by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a pandemic disease in 2020. Identification and analysis of COVID-19 presentation are important for quick isolation and diagnosis. Respiratory symptoms are typically present in COVID-19 patients.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to identify of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and laboratory results in the initial presentation of COVID-19 patients.

Materials and Methods: Our study is a retrospective study of 379 COVID-19 patients’ assessments. They were admitted into government hospitals in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s South and East regions through April month 2020.

Results: About 14% of the patients were presented initially with GI symptoms only, in which Nausea and anorexia are the most common complain. The mean C-reactive protein, alanine aminotransferase , and aspartate aminotransferase levels were significantly elevated.

Conclusion: It is crucial for physicians to be aware that COVID-19 infection could present initially with GI-related symptoms and keep appropriate attention and suspicion.

Key words: Coronavirus Disease 2019; Gastrointestinal Symptoms; Laboratories Characteristics


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Balfaqih H, Alsaluli M, Alsalhi A, Aljawad M, Gana M, Alsihati J. Gastrointestinal symptoms in coronavirus disease 2019 presentation in Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2020; 9(6): 345-347. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05074202008062020


Web Style

Balfaqih H, Alsaluli M, Alsalhi A, Aljawad M, Gana M, Alsihati J. Gastrointestinal symptoms in coronavirus disease 2019 presentation in Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=109596 [Access: October 31, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05074202008062020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Balfaqih H, Alsaluli M, Alsalhi A, Aljawad M, Gana M, Alsihati J. Gastrointestinal symptoms in coronavirus disease 2019 presentation in Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2020; 9(6): 345-347. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05074202008062020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Balfaqih H, Alsaluli M, Alsalhi A, Aljawad M, Gana M, Alsihati J. Gastrointestinal symptoms in coronavirus disease 2019 presentation in Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2020), [cited October 31, 2020]; 9(6): 345-347. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05074202008062020



Harvard Style

Balfaqih, H., Alsaluli, . M., Alsalhi, . A., Aljawad, . M., Gana, . M. & Alsihati, . J. (2020) Gastrointestinal symptoms in coronavirus disease 2019 presentation in Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 9 (6), 345-347. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05074202008062020



Turabian Style

Balfaqih, Hussein, Mobarak Alsaluli, Ali Alsalhi, Mohammed Aljawad, Mohammed Gana, and Jehad Alsihati. 2020. Gastrointestinal symptoms in coronavirus disease 2019 presentation in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 9 (6), 345-347. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05074202008062020



Chicago Style

Balfaqih, Hussein, Mobarak Alsaluli, Ali Alsalhi, Mohammed Aljawad, Mohammed Gana, and Jehad Alsihati. "Gastrointestinal symptoms in coronavirus disease 2019 presentation in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 9 (2020), 345-347. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05074202008062020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Balfaqih, Hussein, Mobarak Alsaluli, Ali Alsalhi, Mohammed Aljawad, Mohammed Gana, and Jehad Alsihati. "Gastrointestinal symptoms in coronavirus disease 2019 presentation in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 9.6 (2020), 345-347. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05074202008062020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Balfaqih, H., Alsaluli, . M., Alsalhi, . A., Aljawad, . M., Gana, . M. & Alsihati, . J. (2020) Gastrointestinal symptoms in coronavirus disease 2019 presentation in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 9 (6), 345-347. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.05074202008062020





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