E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Impact of climatic parameters on coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic progression in India: Analysis and prediction

Namrata Deyal, Vipin Tiwari, Nandan S Bisht.

Abstract
Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is spreading very fast globally and various factors of it have to be analyzed. Climatic parameters play very crucial role in spreading of an epidemic, that is, COVID-19 worldwide.

Objective: The aim of this study is to analyze the effect of climatic parameters (average temperature [AT], atmospheric pressure, relative humidity [RH], solar radiation [SR], and wind speed [WS]) on the COVID-19 epidemic during March 25, 2020, to June 15, 2020, in most affected states of India, that is, Maharashtra, Delhi, and Tamil Nadu.

Materials and Methods: We quantitatively establish the correlation between climatic parameters and COVID-19 cases using statistical tests, that is, Kendall and Spearman rank correlation test. A comparative study of climatic parameters in the current COVID-19 period from previous 2 years (20182019) has been carried out.

Results: The obtained results indicate that the numbers of cases are highly correlated with the AT (r2 > 0.6, P < 0.001) in Delhi whereas a moderate correlation (r2 < 0.6, P < 0.001) has been estimated for Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. Similarly, an intermediate range of correlation coefficient has been observed for other climatic parameters. The range of climatic parameters has been found corresponding to maximum number of cases results as AT (25~40C), RH (40~70%), AT (740~965 mmHg), SR (200250 W/m2), and WS (0.5~14 m/s).

Conclusion: This study emphasizes that climatic parameters played a crucial role in COVID-19 progression in India. The outcomes of this study would be helpful to control COVID-19 not only in India but globally.

Key words: Coronavirus Disease 2019; Climatic Parameters; India; Correlation Coefficient; Epidemic Peak


 
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Pubmed Style

Deyal N, Tiwari V, Bisht NS. Impact of climatic parameters on coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic progression in India: Analysis and prediction. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2021; 10(1): 68-81. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07121202001052021


Web Style

Deyal N, Tiwari V, Bisht NS. Impact of climatic parameters on coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic progression in India: Analysis and prediction. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=116875 [Access: October 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07121202001052021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Deyal N, Tiwari V, Bisht NS. Impact of climatic parameters on coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic progression in India: Analysis and prediction. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2021; 10(1): 68-81. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07121202001052021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Deyal N, Tiwari V, Bisht NS. Impact of climatic parameters on coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic progression in India: Analysis and prediction. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2021), [cited October 01, 2021]; 10(1): 68-81. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07121202001052021



Harvard Style

Deyal, N., Tiwari, . V. & Bisht, . N. S. (2021) Impact of climatic parameters on coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic progression in India: Analysis and prediction. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 10 (1), 68-81. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07121202001052021



Turabian Style

Deyal, Namrata, Vipin Tiwari, and Nandan S Bisht. 2021. Impact of climatic parameters on coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic progression in India: Analysis and prediction. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 10 (1), 68-81. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07121202001052021



Chicago Style

Deyal, Namrata, Vipin Tiwari, and Nandan S Bisht. "Impact of climatic parameters on coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic progression in India: Analysis and prediction." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 10 (2021), 68-81. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07121202001052021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Deyal, Namrata, Vipin Tiwari, and Nandan S Bisht. "Impact of climatic parameters on coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic progression in India: Analysis and prediction." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 10.1 (2021), 68-81. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07121202001052021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Deyal, N., Tiwari, . V. & Bisht, . N. S. (2021) Impact of climatic parameters on coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic progression in India: Analysis and prediction. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 10 (1), 68-81. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.07121202001052021





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