E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


A cross-sectional study on the compliance to antihypertensive drugs in a rural area

Sujitha Pandian, Vijaykarthikeyan M, Umadevi R.

Abstract
Background: The burden of the non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing over the years. Worldwide, the leading cause of morbidity and mortality has been due to NCDs. Although NCDs are multifactorial, hypertension plays a major role as a risk factor. Lack of treatment adherence can lead to negative health consequences.

Objectives: The objectives of the study were as follows: (1) To assess patientsí compliance to antihypertensive drugs; (2) to evaluate association between treatment compliance and sociodemographic determinants; and (3) to find out the factors responsible for non-adherence.

Materials and Methods: This study was carried among 350 hypertensive patients in the rural field practice area of a medical college using simple random sampling method. The study population consists of hypertensive patients belonging to 20Ė60 years of age. A pretested structured questionnaire containing Moriskyís scale was used to assess patientís adherence. Data analysis was done using SPSS (Version 22).

Results: Nearly 53.7% of the study participants were female. The prevalence of treatment compliance was estimated to be 24.6%. Statistically significant association was observed between age, education, and socioeconomic status with adherence to hypertensive medications (P < 0.05). Many reasons were identified for non-adherence and they include cost of treatment (21.4 %), side effects (27.5%), alternative treatment (16%), lack of knowledge (32.8%), and multiple drugs (25%).

Conclusion: The prevalence of 23.6% of patientís being adherent to hypertensive medications was observed among the study population. It is necessary to strengthen treatment adherence by various health education campaigns and implementing various health programs.

Key words: Adherence; Treatment; Morisky


 
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Pubmed Style

Pandian S, M V, R U. A cross-sectional study on the compliance to antihypertensive drugs in a rural area. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2020; 9(7): 414-418. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06098202025072020


Web Style

Pandian S, M V, R U. A cross-sectional study on the compliance to antihypertensive drugs in a rural area. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=117501 [Access: August 29, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06098202025072020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Pandian S, M V, R U. A cross-sectional study on the compliance to antihypertensive drugs in a rural area. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2020; 9(7): 414-418. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06098202025072020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Pandian S, M V, R U. A cross-sectional study on the compliance to antihypertensive drugs in a rural area. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2020), [cited August 29, 2020]; 9(7): 414-418. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06098202025072020



Harvard Style

Pandian, S., M, . V. & R, . U. (2020) A cross-sectional study on the compliance to antihypertensive drugs in a rural area. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 9 (7), 414-418. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06098202025072020



Turabian Style

Pandian, Sujitha, Vijaykarthikeyan M, and Umadevi R. 2020. A cross-sectional study on the compliance to antihypertensive drugs in a rural area. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 9 (7), 414-418. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06098202025072020



Chicago Style

Pandian, Sujitha, Vijaykarthikeyan M, and Umadevi R. "A cross-sectional study on the compliance to antihypertensive drugs in a rural area." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 9 (2020), 414-418. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06098202025072020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Pandian, Sujitha, Vijaykarthikeyan M, and Umadevi R. "A cross-sectional study on the compliance to antihypertensive drugs in a rural area." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 9.7 (2020), 414-418. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06098202025072020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Pandian, S., M, . V. & R, . U. (2020) A cross-sectional study on the compliance to antihypertensive drugs in a rural area. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 9 (7), 414-418. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06098202025072020





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