E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Visual impairment and blindness among elderly in rural area of North Karnataka A cross-sectional study

Preet P Khona, Sujatha M G.

Abstract
Background: Loss of sight of a person should not remain just a statistic but a personal tragedy, not only for the individual concerned but for all of us who claim to be concerned. With the introduction of universal eye health: A global action plan 20142019, dealing with a reduction in avoidable blindness across the world, this study would help in enlightening the present scenario in this region.

Objective: The objective of the study was to know the prevalence of visual impairment and blindness among elderly in a rural area.

Materials and Methods: All individuals aged 60 years and above residing in the area covered under Vantamuri Primary Health Centre (PHC), Belagavi, were selected for the study. A sample size of 620 was calculated and obtained by population proportionate sampling from five subcenters under Vantamuri PHC. Sociodemographic data were collected from the study subject with the help of pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire and detailed ocular examination was carried out. Ethical clearance was obtained from the Institutional Ethics Committee.

Results: The prevalence of visual impairment and blindness in our study was 28.07% and 2.90%, respectively. Female constituted more than half (61.11%) of blind individuals, whereas male (51.39%) dominated visual impairment. Cataract was the most common cause of visual impairment and blindness.

Conclusion: Blindness was more common among elderly female compared to male. Cataract being the most common cause for visual impairment, it can be prevented by more coverage and better health care services in the rural area.

Key words: Blindness; Rural Area; Visual Impairment


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Preet P Khona
Articles by Sujatha M G
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khona PP, G SM. Visual impairment and blindness among elderly in rural area of North Karnataka A cross-sectional study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2020; 9(6): 382-385. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06101202003072020


Web Style

Khona PP, G SM. Visual impairment and blindness among elderly in rural area of North Karnataka A cross-sectional study. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=118643 [Access: August 29, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06101202003072020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khona PP, G SM. Visual impairment and blindness among elderly in rural area of North Karnataka A cross-sectional study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2020; 9(6): 382-385. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06101202003072020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khona PP, G SM. Visual impairment and blindness among elderly in rural area of North Karnataka A cross-sectional study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2020), [cited August 29, 2020]; 9(6): 382-385. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06101202003072020



Harvard Style

Khona, P. P. & G, . S. M. (2020) Visual impairment and blindness among elderly in rural area of North Karnataka A cross-sectional study. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 9 (6), 382-385. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06101202003072020



Turabian Style

Khona, Preet P, and Sujatha M G. 2020. Visual impairment and blindness among elderly in rural area of North Karnataka A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 9 (6), 382-385. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06101202003072020



Chicago Style

Khona, Preet P, and Sujatha M G. "Visual impairment and blindness among elderly in rural area of North Karnataka A cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 9 (2020), 382-385. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06101202003072020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khona, Preet P, and Sujatha M G. "Visual impairment and blindness among elderly in rural area of North Karnataka A cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 9.6 (2020), 382-385. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06101202003072020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khona, P. P. & G, . S. M. (2020) Visual impairment and blindness among elderly in rural area of North Karnataka A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 9 (6), 382-385. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06101202003072020





Most Viewed Articles
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 34 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 16 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]