E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Review Article 


Understanding the COVID-19 prevention and control strategies and their appropriate applicability through the basics of epidemiology

Deepak B Sharma, Utkarsh M Shah, Dinesh J Bhanderi.

Abstract
The current article is about the background knowledge of corona, various epidemiological definitions and different strategies adopted to prevent and control corona infection. How the preventive measures are applied and what is epidemiological basis behind these measures is the core of the article. The article also mentioned the variations in mortality pattern and goes on defining important indicators as case-fatality ratio, deaths/1 lakh population and the relevance of both in the current situation of corona infection. In the article, important terms such as different types of cases in corona infection, basic reproduction number, effective reproduction number, and their epidemiological significance in corona infection, herd immunity, and herd immunity threshold are discussed. The importance of lockdown as a preventive measure, enforcement of epidemic disease act 1897 and its amendment, disaster management act 2005, social distancing, cough etiquette, and others are highlighted.

Key words: Herd Immunity; Herd Immunity Threshold; Basic Reproduction Number; Effective Reproduction Number; Preventive Measures


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sharma DB, Shah UM, Bhanderi DJ. Understanding the COVID-19 prevention and control strategies and their appropriate applicability through the basics of epidemiology. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2020; 9(6): 338-344. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06102202004072020


Web Style

Sharma DB, Shah UM, Bhanderi DJ. Understanding the COVID-19 prevention and control strategies and their appropriate applicability through the basics of epidemiology. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=119131 [Access: August 30, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06102202004072020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sharma DB, Shah UM, Bhanderi DJ. Understanding the COVID-19 prevention and control strategies and their appropriate applicability through the basics of epidemiology. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2020; 9(6): 338-344. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06102202004072020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sharma DB, Shah UM, Bhanderi DJ. Understanding the COVID-19 prevention and control strategies and their appropriate applicability through the basics of epidemiology. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2020), [cited August 30, 2020]; 9(6): 338-344. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06102202004072020



Harvard Style

Sharma, D. B., Shah, . U. M. & Bhanderi, . D. J. (2020) Understanding the COVID-19 prevention and control strategies and their appropriate applicability through the basics of epidemiology. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 9 (6), 338-344. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06102202004072020



Turabian Style

Sharma, Deepak B, Utkarsh M Shah, and Dinesh J Bhanderi. 2020. Understanding the COVID-19 prevention and control strategies and their appropriate applicability through the basics of epidemiology. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 9 (6), 338-344. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06102202004072020



Chicago Style

Sharma, Deepak B, Utkarsh M Shah, and Dinesh J Bhanderi. "Understanding the COVID-19 prevention and control strategies and their appropriate applicability through the basics of epidemiology." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 9 (2020), 338-344. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06102202004072020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sharma, Deepak B, Utkarsh M Shah, and Dinesh J Bhanderi. "Understanding the COVID-19 prevention and control strategies and their appropriate applicability through the basics of epidemiology." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 9.6 (2020), 338-344. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06102202004072020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sharma, D. B., Shah, . U. M. & Bhanderi, . D. J. (2020) Understanding the COVID-19 prevention and control strategies and their appropriate applicability through the basics of epidemiology. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 9 (6), 338-344. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.06102202004072020





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