E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Living arrangement pattern of elderly in Chandigarh Tricity, India: A glimpse through geriatric clinic at tertiary hospital

Anupama Dhiman, Naveen K Goel, Navpreet Singh, Amrit P Kaur.

Abstract
Background: The changes in the demographic and economic fabric of society have significantly impacted the living arrangement patterns of the elderly.

Objectives: The objectives are as follows: (i) To examine the living arrangement patterns of elderly coming to the geriatric clinic at a tertiary care institution in Chandigarh and (ii) To analyze the factors related with their living arrangements.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done from April 2015 to March 2017 at a geriatric clinic in a tertiary care institution in North India. The data were collected from elderly patients (60 years and above) on a pre-designed, pre-tested, and structured questionnaire by interview technique. Chi-square test was applied followed by logistic regression analysis.

Results: A total of 305 elderly patients were interviewed. Mean (standard deviation) age of participants was 68.5 (6.7) years. Females (59.3%) outnumbered males. One-fifth of the elderly were either living alone (04.6%) or with spouse only (16.4%). Significant associations were found between living arrangement patterns and gender, marital status, type of family, education, socioeconomic status, and house ownership. On logistic regression analysis, being widowed (odd’s ratio [OR]=23.1, confidence interval [CI]=4.1–127.6, and P = 0.00) was found to be a significant risk factor for “living alone”. Logistic regression analysis of “living with spouse only” showed significant association with socioeconomic class (OR=0.2, CI=0.1–0.4, and P = 0.00) and house ownership (OR=6.9, CI=1.6–30.6, and P = 0.01).

Conclusion: Most elderly tend to coreside with children in Chandigarh Tricity. Age, gender, and marital status significantly influence the living arrangement patterns of the elderly.

Key words: Chandigarh Tricity; Elderly; India; Living Arrangement


 
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Pubmed Style

Dhiman A, Goel NK, Singh N, Kaur AP. Living arrangement pattern of elderly in Chandigarh Tricity, India: A glimpse through geriatric clinic at tertiary hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(11): 889-894. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0721902082018


Web Style

Dhiman A, Goel NK, Singh N, Kaur AP. Living arrangement pattern of elderly in Chandigarh Tricity, India: A glimpse through geriatric clinic at tertiary hospital. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=1192 [Access: November 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0721902082018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dhiman A, Goel NK, Singh N, Kaur AP. Living arrangement pattern of elderly in Chandigarh Tricity, India: A glimpse through geriatric clinic at tertiary hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(11): 889-894. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0721902082018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dhiman A, Goel NK, Singh N, Kaur AP. Living arrangement pattern of elderly in Chandigarh Tricity, India: A glimpse through geriatric clinic at tertiary hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2018), [cited November 21, 2018]; 7(11): 889-894. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0721902082018



Harvard Style

Dhiman, A., Goel, . N. K., Singh, . N. & Kaur, . A. P. (2018) Living arrangement pattern of elderly in Chandigarh Tricity, India: A glimpse through geriatric clinic at tertiary hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 7 (11), 889-894. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0721902082018



Turabian Style

Dhiman, Anupama, Naveen K Goel, Navpreet Singh, and Amrit P Kaur. 2018. Living arrangement pattern of elderly in Chandigarh Tricity, India: A glimpse through geriatric clinic at tertiary hospital. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (11), 889-894. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0721902082018



Chicago Style

Dhiman, Anupama, Naveen K Goel, Navpreet Singh, and Amrit P Kaur. "Living arrangement pattern of elderly in Chandigarh Tricity, India: A glimpse through geriatric clinic at tertiary hospital." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7 (2018), 889-894. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0721902082018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dhiman, Anupama, Naveen K Goel, Navpreet Singh, and Amrit P Kaur. "Living arrangement pattern of elderly in Chandigarh Tricity, India: A glimpse through geriatric clinic at tertiary hospital." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.11 (2018), 889-894. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0721902082018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dhiman, A., Goel, . N. K., Singh, . N. & Kaur, . A. P. (2018) Living arrangement pattern of elderly in Chandigarh Tricity, India: A glimpse through geriatric clinic at tertiary hospital. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (11), 889-894. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0721902082018





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