E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Prevalence and risk factors of asthma symptoms in Saudi university students in Najran, southern border region of Saudi Arabia

Aamir Magzoub, Ihab Hamed Nourein, Ismail Abdelrahman, Naglaa Ahmed, Samy Ismail Ahmed.

Abstract
Background: Asthma prevalence in adults is globally increasing with variations between and within countries. Data are lacking regarding the prevalence of asthma among adults in Najran area , the southern region of Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: The study aimed at estimating the prevalence and risk factors for asthma symptoms in Najran University students.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in Najran University Saudi students during the academic year 2017–2018. A modified translated International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire was distributed to Najran University Saudi students, males and females aged 18 and above living in Najran for more than 1 year. Samples were taken using multistage random sampling.

Results: A total of 418 participants (269 males and 149 females) with a mean age of 21.05 ± 1.56 were included in the study. The prevalence of asthma depending on the wheezing symptom in the past 12 months was 27% and physician-diagnosed asthma was 13.6%. Most of the asthmatic subjects (>85%) have intermittent symptoms. The first-degree family history, active tobacco smoking, allergic rhinitis (AR), dust, and smoke are the major risk factors for asthma symptoms.

Conclusions: The study revealed a high prevalence of self-reported asthma symptoms among adults in Najran University associated with a high prevalence of AR, which needs particular attention by the health stakeholders.

Key words: Asthma; Prevalence; International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Questionnaire; Najran; Saudi Arabia


 
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Pubmed Style

Magzoub A, Nourein IH, Abdelrahman I, Ahmed N, Ahmed SI. Prevalence and risk factors of asthma symptoms in Saudi university students in Najran, southern border region of Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(8): 682-687. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.11330201813062019


Web Style

Magzoub A, Nourein IH, Abdelrahman I, Ahmed N, Ahmed SI. Prevalence and risk factors of asthma symptoms in Saudi university students in Najran, southern border region of Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=17280 [Access: December 06, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.11330201813062019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Magzoub A, Nourein IH, Abdelrahman I, Ahmed N, Ahmed SI. Prevalence and risk factors of asthma symptoms in Saudi university students in Najran, southern border region of Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(8): 682-687. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.11330201813062019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Magzoub A, Nourein IH, Abdelrahman I, Ahmed N, Ahmed SI. Prevalence and risk factors of asthma symptoms in Saudi university students in Najran, southern border region of Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2019), [cited December 06, 2019]; 8(8): 682-687. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.11330201813062019



Harvard Style

Magzoub, A., Nourein, . I. H., Abdelrahman, . I., Ahmed, . N. & Ahmed, . S. I. (2019) Prevalence and risk factors of asthma symptoms in Saudi university students in Najran, southern border region of Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 8 (8), 682-687. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.11330201813062019



Turabian Style

Magzoub, Aamir, Ihab Hamed Nourein, Ismail Abdelrahman, Naglaa Ahmed, and Samy Ismail Ahmed. 2019. Prevalence and risk factors of asthma symptoms in Saudi university students in Najran, southern border region of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (8), 682-687. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.11330201813062019



Chicago Style

Magzoub, Aamir, Ihab Hamed Nourein, Ismail Abdelrahman, Naglaa Ahmed, and Samy Ismail Ahmed. "Prevalence and risk factors of asthma symptoms in Saudi university students in Najran, southern border region of Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8 (2019), 682-687. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.11330201813062019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Magzoub, Aamir, Ihab Hamed Nourein, Ismail Abdelrahman, Naglaa Ahmed, and Samy Ismail Ahmed. "Prevalence and risk factors of asthma symptoms in Saudi university students in Najran, southern border region of Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8.8 (2019), 682-687. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.11330201813062019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Magzoub, A., Nourein, . I. H., Abdelrahman, . I., Ahmed, . N. & Ahmed, . S. I. (2019) Prevalence and risk factors of asthma symptoms in Saudi university students in Najran, southern border region of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (8), 682-687. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.11330201813062019





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