E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


High blood pressure and its association with obesity among preuniversity college students of Udupi taluk

Shradha S Parsekar, Mannat M Singh, Bhumika T Venkatesh.

Abstract
Background: There is an evidence of tracking of high blood pressure (BP) from childhood to adulthood. Hence detection, assessment, and management of high BP are important.

Objectives: To estimate the proportion of adolescents of Udupi taluk having high BP and to assess the association of high BP with overweight/obesity and other correlates.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 838 adolescents studying in preuniversity colleges (PUCs) of Udupi taluk. Of the 49 PUCs of Udupi taluk, 15 PUCs were randomly chosen and one class from each was taken as a cluster. A pretested and structured questionnaire, based on World Health Organization Stepwise approach was used. Weight, height, and BP were measured using standardized tools. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 15.00. Pearsonís correlation and univariate and multiple logistic regressions were used to analyze the data.

Results: The prevalence of high BP and overweight/obesity was found to be 23.05% and 9.18%, respectively. High BP was positively correlated with overweight/obesity. Being a male, currently consuming alcohol, and being overweight/obese were the risk factors associated with high systolic BP and factor associated with high diastolic BP was overweight/obesity.

Conclusion: The proportion of respondents having high BP as well as overweight/obesity was found to be high. As high BP was found to be strongly associated with overweight/obesity in this study, we recommend screening of BP to be carried out both in children and adolescents and the inclusion of sports hours in their curriculum.

Key words: Adolescents, pre-university colleges, high blood pressure, overweight, obesity


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Shradha S Parsekar
Articles by Mannat M Singh
Articles by Bhumika T Venkatesh
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1849
Downloaded: 503
Cited: 0

REFERENCES
1. Abolfotouh MA, Sallam SA, Mohammed MS, Loutfy AA, Hasab AA. Prevalence of elevated blood pressure and association with obesity in Egyptian school adolescents. Int J Hypertens 2011; 2011:952537. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
2. Shah SS, Dave BR, Sharma AA, Desai AR. Prevalence of hypertension and association of obesity with hypertension in school going children of Surat city, Western India. Online J Health Allied Sci 2013;12(2):5.
3. Dyson PA, Anthony D, Fenton B, Matthes DR, Stevens DE. Community Interventions for Health Collaboration. High rates of child hypertension associated with obesity: a community survey in China, India, and Mexico. Paediatr Int Child Health 2013;34(1):43-9. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
4. Patel NH, Romero SK, Kaelber DC. Evaluation and management of pediatric hypertensive crises: hypertensive urgency and hypertensive emergencies. Open Access Emerg Med 2012;4:85-92.
5. Chen X, Youfa Wang. Tracking of blood pressure from childhood to adulthood: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Circulation 2008;117:3171-80. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
6. Hansen ML, Gunn PW, Kaelber DC. Underdiagnosis of hypertension in children and adolescents. JAMA 2007; 298(8):874-9. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
7. Souza MCBD, Rivera IR, Silva MAMD, Carlos A, Carvalho C. Relationship of obesity with high blood pressure in children and adolescents. Arq Bras Cardiol 2010;94(6):714-9 [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
8. Kaelber DC, Pickett F. Simple table to identify children and adolescents needing further evaluation of blood pressure. Pediatrics 2009;123(6):e972-4. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
9. WHO. Global Status Report on Noncommunicable Diseases 2010. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2011.
10. Soudarssanane MB, Karthigeyan MS, Stephen S, Sahai A. Key predictors of high blood pressure and hypertension among adolescents: a simple prescription for prevention. Indian J Commun Med 2006;73(10):164-9.
11. McNiece KL, Poffenbarger TS, Turner JL, Franco KD, Sorof JM, Portman RJ. Prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension among adolescents. J Pediatr 2007;150(6): 640-4, 644.e1.
12. Singh Ak, Maheshwari A, Sharma N, Anand K. Lifestyle associated risk factors in adolescents. Indian J Pediatr 2006; 73(10):901-6. [DOI via Crossref]   
13. Falkner B. Hypertension in children and adolescents: epidemiology and natural history. Pediatr Nephrol 2010;25: 1219-24. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
14. Sunder JS, Adaikalam JMS, Parameswari S, Valarmarthi S, Kalpana S, Shantharam D. Prevalence and determinants of hypertension among urban school children in the age group of 13-17 years in, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Epidemiology 2013;3:130.
15. Lurbe E, Cifkova R, Cruickshank JK, Dillon MJ, Ferreira I, Invitti C, et al. Management of high blood pressure in children and adolescents: recommendations of the European Society of Hypertension. J Hypertens 2009;27(9):1719-42. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
16. WHO. STEPS Instrument (Core and Expanded). Geneva: World Health Organization.
17. National Institute of Health. The Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents. Bethesda, MD: National Institute of Health, 2005.
18. Swamy S, Subramanian M, Chitambaram NS, Jayan M. Prevalence and determinants of overweight and obesity in school children. J Evol Med Dental Sci 2013;2(39):7392-7. [DOI via Crossref]   
19. Jain A, Dhanavat J, Kotian MS, Angeline R. Assessment of risk factors of non-communicable diseases among high school students in Mangalore, India. Int J Health Allied Sci 2012;1: 249-54. [DOI via Crossref]   
20. Anand A, Shah B, Yadav K, Singh R, Mathur P, Paul E, Kapoor SK. Are the urban poor vulnerable to non-communicable diseases? A survey of risk factors for non-communicable diseases in urban slums of Faridabad. Natl Med J India 2007;20(3):115-20. [Pubmed]   
21. Gujjarlapudi C, Kasyapa VB, Ravinder A. Risk factors for non communicable diseases (NCD) among high school students in an urban setting. Int J Recent Trends Sci Technol 2013; 7(2):82-5.
22. Krishna P, Prasanna Kumar KM, Desai N, Thennarasu K. Blood pressure reference tables for children and adolescents of Karnataka. Indian Pediatr 2006;43(6):491-501. [Pubmed]   
23. Kamath VG, Parthage PM, Pattanshetty S, Kamath A, Balakrishnan A, Mishra T, et al. Prevalence of hypertension in the paediatric population in Coastal South India. AMJ 2010;3(11):695-8. [DOI via Crossref]   
24. Bardol RV, Ranagol A, Patil SV. Hypertension as an emerging health problem amongst school children and adolescents. Int J Med Res Health Sci 2013;2(4):941-8. [DOI via Crossref]   
25. Yan W, Liu F, Wu L, Zhang Y, Cheng Y, Zhou W, et al. Blood pressure percentiles by age and height for non-overweight Chinese children and adolescents: analysis of the China Health and Nutrition Surveys 1991-2009. BMC Pediatr 2013;13:195. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
26. Veetus S, Shivaprakash NC. The study of blood pressure profile and body mass index among children in a rural setting. Int J Biomed Res 2014;5(4):244-6. [DOI via Crossref]   

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Parsekar SS, Singh MM, Venkatesh BT. High blood pressure and its association with obesity among preuniversity college students of Udupi taluk. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(7): 950-956. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.28012015195


Web Style

Parsekar SS, Singh MM, Venkatesh BT. High blood pressure and its association with obesity among preuniversity college students of Udupi taluk. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=178682 [Access: October 15, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.28012015195


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Parsekar SS, Singh MM, Venkatesh BT. High blood pressure and its association with obesity among preuniversity college students of Udupi taluk. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(7): 950-956. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.28012015195



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Parsekar SS, Singh MM, Venkatesh BT. High blood pressure and its association with obesity among preuniversity college students of Udupi taluk. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2015), [cited October 15, 2018]; 4(7): 950-956. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.28012015195



Harvard Style

Parsekar, S. S., Singh, M. M. & Venkatesh, B. T. (2015) High blood pressure and its association with obesity among preuniversity college students of Udupi taluk. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 4 (7), 950-956. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.28012015195



Turabian Style

Parsekar, Shradha S, Mannat M Singh, and Bhumika T Venkatesh. 2015. High blood pressure and its association with obesity among preuniversity college students of Udupi taluk. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (7), 950-956. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.28012015195



Chicago Style

Parsekar, Shradha S, Mannat M Singh, and Bhumika T Venkatesh. "High blood pressure and its association with obesity among preuniversity college students of Udupi taluk." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4 (2015), 950-956. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.28012015195



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Parsekar, Shradha S, Mannat M Singh, and Bhumika T Venkatesh. "High blood pressure and its association with obesity among preuniversity college students of Udupi taluk." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 4.7 (2015), 950-956. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.28012015195



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Parsekar, S. S., Singh, M. M. & Venkatesh, B. T. (2015) High blood pressure and its association with obesity among preuniversity college students of Udupi taluk. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 4 (7), 950-956. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2015.28012015195





Most Viewed Articles
  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Gunthers with haemolytic anaemia extremly rare: A case report
    Nilesh Kumar, Ankur Varshney, Arvind Anand, Dibyaranjan Behera, Ravi Anand, Ashutosh Tiwari
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 472-474
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.313-315

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Study of psychological stress among undergraduate medical students of government medical college, Surat.
    Priti Solanky, Binita Desai, Abhay Kavishwar, S. L. Kantharia
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 38-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.38-42

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 23 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 13 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Clinico-microbiological profile of women with vaginal discharge in a tertiary care hospital of northern India
    Varsha Chaudhary, Ved Prakesh, Kian Agarwal, Vijender Kumar Agrawal, Arun Singh, Sachin Pandey
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 75-80
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.75-80
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Correlation between obesity and cardio respiratory fitness
    Prabha Setty, BV Padmanabha, BR Doddamani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 300-304
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.298-302
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Migration and health-care access: Barriers to access government health services by migrant tribal community living in an eastern Indian city
    Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(1): 101-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.0110201424
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Initial default among tuberculosis patients diagnosed in selected medical colleges of Puducherry: issues and possible interventions
    Divija Pillai, Anil J Purty, Stalin Prabakaran, Zile Singh, Govindarajan Soundappan, Velavan Anandan
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(7): 957-960
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.30012015196
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The surgical approach in huge scrotal lymphedema
    Hiren Dahyabhai Parmar
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 153-155
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.153-155
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]