E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Comparison of body mass index in the evaluation of overall obesity in Finnish and Bangladeshi undergraduate students aged 18–35 years: a pilot study

Md Moyen Uddin PK, Safinaj Arju Ara Alam, M Jebun Nisa, M Tanvir Rahman, Shaila Eamen, M Sayful Islam, Yearul Kabir, M A Mannan.

Abstract
Background: The incidence of overall obesity has increased dramatically, not only in high-income countries but also in low- and middle-income countries. Body mass index (BMI) is widely used as a measure of overweight and obesity.

Objective: To assess the prevalence of overall obesity in Finnish and Bangladeshi undergraduate students aged 18–35 years.

Materials and Methods: A population-based cross-sectional pilot study of undergraduate students in Finland and Bangladesh. BMI was calculated as the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. Based on cut-points recommended by the World Health Organization, BMI (kg/m2) for normal weight is 18.5–24.9 kg/m2 and that for pre-obesity and obesity is 25.0–29.9 and 30.0–34.9 kg/m2, respectively, in Finnish; obesity of Asians was found as 25–29.9 kg/m2 for moderate category (obese I) and more than 30 kg/m2 for severe category (obese II), while for pre-obese and for normal weight the BMI was 23–24.9 and 18.5–22.9 kg/m2, respectively.

Result: The mean age was 24.70 ± 4.31 years for Finnish and Bangladeshi students, whereas mean BMI of Bangladeshi and Finnish students were 23.64 ± 4.55 and 24.48 ± 3.35 kg/m2, respectively. The relationship between body height (167.80 ± 8.93 cm vs 159.65 ± 7.37 cm) and body weight (68.60 ± 8.08 kg vs 60.49 ± 13.40 kg) of Finnish and Bangladeshi participants were very significant (P < 0.001) while BMI distribution was found to be nonsignificant (24.48 ± 3.35 vs 23.64 ± 4.55 kg/m2, P = 0.4411). Very significant connotations were documented amidst four groups of BMI categorized Finnish (P < 0.0001) and Bangladeshi (P < 0.0001) students. Adjusted R2 of percentiles itemized for body height, body weight, and BMI were significant among Finnish and Bangladeshi participants.

Conclusion: Obesity, 36.7% (20% for pre-obesity), is predominant in Bangladeshi adults, whereas pre-obesity, 30% (10% for obesity), is higher in Finnish. An understanding of the reasons behind the high predominance of pre-obesity is essential for its prevention as well as for the prevention of the morbidities to which it may lead.

Key words: Prevalence, pre-obesity, body mass index (BMI), undergraduate


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Md Moyen Uddin PK
Articles by Safinaj Arju Ara Alam
Articles by M Jebun Nisa
Articles by M Tanvir Rahman
Articles by Shaila Eamen
Articles by M Sayful Islam
Articles by Yearul Kabir
Articles by M A Mannan
on Google
on Google Scholar


REFERENCES
1. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Pesquisa de orçamentos familiares 2002-2003: antropometria e análise do estado nutricional de crianças e adolescentes no Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: IBGE; 2006.
2. Chiara V, Sichieri R, Martins PD. Sensitivity and specificity of overweight classification of adolescents, Brazil. Rev Saude Publica 2003;37:226-31. [Pubmed]   
3. Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ 2000;320:1240-3. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
4. Conde WL, Monteiro CA. Body mass index cutoff points for evaluation of nutritional status in Brazilian children and adolescents. J Pediatr (Rio J) 2006;82:266-72. [DOI via Crossref]   
5. Autoria nĂŁo referida. Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry. Report of a WHO Expert Committee. World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser 1995; 854:1-452. [Pubmed]   
6. The Asia Pacific perspective. Redefining obesity and its treatment. World Health Organization. International association for the study of obesity and International obesity task force. International Diabetes Institute, Melbourne: World Health Organization, Western Pacific Region, 2000.
7. Kopelman PG, Caterson ID, Dietz WH. Clinical Obesity in Adults and Children. First Indian Reprint. New Delhi, India: Blackwell Publishing, 2006.
8. Enas EA, Kannan S. How to Beat the Heart Disease Epidemic among South Asians, 1st edn. Downers Grove, IL: Advanced Heart Lipid Clinic, 2008.
9. Van Gaal LF, Mertens IL, De Block CE. Mechanisms linking obesity with cardiovascular disease. Nature 2006;444:875-80.  [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
10. Kahn SE, Hull RL, Utzschneider KM. Mechanisms linking obesity to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Nature 2006;444: 840-6.  [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
11. Sullivan PW, Ghushchyan V, Wyatt HR, Wu EQ, Hill JO. Impact of cardiometabolic risk factor clusters on health-related quality of life in the US. Obesity 2007;15:511-21.  [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
12. Pischon T, Boeing H, Hoffmann K, Bergmann M, Schulze MB, Overvad K, et al. General and abdominal adiposity and risk of death in Europe. N Engl J Med 2008;359:2105-20. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
13. Seidell JC, Kahn HS, Williamson DF, Lissner L, Valdez R. Report from a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Workshop on use of adult anthropometry for public health and primary health care. Am J Clin Nutr 2001;73:123-6. [Pubmed]   
14. The Asia Pacific perspective. Redefining obesity and its treatment. World Health Organization. International association for the study of obesity and International obesity task force. International Diabetes Institute, Melbourne: World Health Organization, Western Pacific Region, 2000.
15. Gallagher D, Visser M, Sepulveda D, Peirson RN, Harris T, Heymsfield SB. How useful is body mass index for comparison of body fitness across age, sex and ethnic groups? Am J Epidemiol 1996; 143:228-39. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
16. Hill JO, Peters JC: Environmental contributions to the obesity epidemic. Science 1998;280(5368):1371-4. [DOI via Crossref]   
17. James PT, Leach R, Kalamara E, Shayeghi M: The worldwide obesity epidemic. Obes Res 2001; 9(S11):228S-233S. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
18. Doak CM, Adair LS, Bentley M, Monteiro C, Popkin BM: The dual burden household and the nutrition transition paradox. Int J Obes 2004;29(1):129-36. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
19. Monteiro CA, Conde WL, Popkin BM: The burden of disease from undernutrition and overnutrition in countries undergoing rapid nutrition transition: a view from Brazil. Am J Public Health 2004;94(3):433-4. [DOI via Crossref]   
20. Popkin BM: The nutrition transition in lower income countries: an emerging crisis. Nutr Rev 1994; 52(9):285-98. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
21. Shafique S, Akhter N, Stallkamp G, de Pee S, Panagides D, Bloem MW: Trends of under-and overweight among rural and urban poor women indicate the double burden of malnutrition in Bangladesh. Int J Epidemiol 2007; 36(2):449-57. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
22. Martorell R, Khan LK, Hughes ML, Grummer-Strawn LM: Obesity in women from developing countries. Eur J Clin Nutr 2000; 54(3): 247-52. [DOI via Crossref]   
23. BullĂł M, Garcia-Aloy M, MartĂ­nez-González MA, Corella D, Fernández-Ballart JD, Fiol M, et al. Association between a healthy lifestyle and general obesity and abdominal obesity in an elderly population at high cardiovascular risk. Prev Med 2011; 53:155-61. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
24. Worthy SL, Lokken K, Pilcher K, Boeka A: Demographic and lifestyle variables associated with obesity. Health Ed J 2010; 69:372-80. [DOI via Crossref]   

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Md Moyen Uddin PK, Safinaj Arju Ara Alam, M Jebun Nisa, M Tanvir Rahman , Shaila Eamen, M Sayful Islam, Yearul Kabir, M A Mannan. Comparison of body mass index in the evaluation of overall obesity in Finnish and Bangladeshi undergraduate students aged 18–35 years: a pilot study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1439-1446. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.09062015235


Web Style

Md Moyen Uddin PK, Safinaj Arju Ara Alam, M Jebun Nisa, M Tanvir Rahman , Shaila Eamen, M Sayful Islam, Yearul Kabir, M A Mannan. Comparison of body mass index in the evaluation of overall obesity in Finnish and Bangladeshi undergraduate students aged 18–35 years: a pilot study. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=191139 [Access: September 28, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.09062015235


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Md Moyen Uddin PK, Safinaj Arju Ara Alam, M Jebun Nisa, M Tanvir Rahman , Shaila Eamen, M Sayful Islam, Yearul Kabir, M A Mannan. Comparison of body mass index in the evaluation of overall obesity in Finnish and Bangladeshi undergraduate students aged 18–35 years: a pilot study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1439-1446. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.09062015235



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Md Moyen Uddin PK, Safinaj Arju Ara Alam, M Jebun Nisa, M Tanvir Rahman , Shaila Eamen, M Sayful Islam, Yearul Kabir, M A Mannan. Comparison of body mass index in the evaluation of overall obesity in Finnish and Bangladeshi undergraduate students aged 18–35 years: a pilot study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2016), [cited September 28, 2020]; 5(7): 1439-1446. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.09062015235



Harvard Style

Md Moyen Uddin PK, Safinaj Arju Ara Alam, M Jebun Nisa, M Tanvir Rahman , Shaila Eamen, M Sayful Islam, Yearul Kabir, M A Mannan (2016) Comparison of body mass index in the evaluation of overall obesity in Finnish and Bangladeshi undergraduate students aged 18–35 years: a pilot study. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 5 (7), 1439-1446. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.09062015235



Turabian Style

Md Moyen Uddin PK, Safinaj Arju Ara Alam, M Jebun Nisa, M Tanvir Rahman , Shaila Eamen, M Sayful Islam, Yearul Kabir, M A Mannan. 2016. Comparison of body mass index in the evaluation of overall obesity in Finnish and Bangladeshi undergraduate students aged 18–35 years: a pilot study. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (7), 1439-1446. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.09062015235



Chicago Style

Md Moyen Uddin PK, Safinaj Arju Ara Alam, M Jebun Nisa, M Tanvir Rahman , Shaila Eamen, M Sayful Islam, Yearul Kabir, M A Mannan. "Comparison of body mass index in the evaluation of overall obesity in Finnish and Bangladeshi undergraduate students aged 18–35 years: a pilot study." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5 (2016), 1439-1446. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.09062015235



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Md Moyen Uddin PK, Safinaj Arju Ara Alam, M Jebun Nisa, M Tanvir Rahman , Shaila Eamen, M Sayful Islam, Yearul Kabir, M A Mannan. "Comparison of body mass index in the evaluation of overall obesity in Finnish and Bangladeshi undergraduate students aged 18–35 years: a pilot study." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5.7 (2016), 1439-1446. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.09062015235



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Md Moyen Uddin PK, Safinaj Arju Ara Alam, M Jebun Nisa, M Tanvir Rahman , Shaila Eamen, M Sayful Islam, Yearul Kabir, M A Mannan (2016) Comparison of body mass index in the evaluation of overall obesity in Finnish and Bangladeshi undergraduate students aged 18–35 years: a pilot study. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (7), 1439-1446. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.09062015235





Most Viewed Articles
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 34 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 16 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]