E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of anxiety and depression in polycystic ovarian syndrome

Suneet Kumar Upadhyaya, Archana Sharma, Atul Agrawal.

Abstract
Background: Patients of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) often suffer from psychiatric co morbidities, such as anxiety and depression. Indian literature regarding prevalence of these disorders in PCOS patients is scanty.

Objective: To assess prevalence of anxiety and depression in patients of PCOS.

Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional observational study, which was conducted in obstetrics and gynecology department of tertiary care centre. Patients of PCOS were assessed on hospital anxiety depression scale and sociodemographic and clinical information was gathered using semi-structured questionnaire. Data are expressed as proportions.

Result: The prevalence of anxiety of 28% and depression 11% were observed.

Conclusion: PCOS patients have high prevalence of anxiety and depression.

Key words: Psychiatric morbidity, PCOS, psychological problems


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Suneet Kumar Upadhyaya
Articles by Archana Sharma
Articles by Atul Agrawal
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1762
Downloaded: 564
Cited: 0

REFERENCES
1. Azziz R, Carmina E, Dewailly D, Diamanti-Kandarakis E, Escobar-Morreale HF, Futterweit W, et al. The Androgen Excess and PCOS Society criteria for the polycystic ovary syndrome: the complete task force report. Fertil Steril 2009;91:456-88. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
2. Ehrmann DA. Polycystic ovary syndrome. N Engl J Med 2005;352:1223-36. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
3. Hahn S, Janssen OE, Tan S, Pleger K, Mann K, Chedlowski M, et al. Clinical and psychological correlates of quality-of-life in polycystic ovary syndrome. Euro J Endocrinol 2005;153:853-60. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
4. Deeks A, Gibson-Helm M, Teede H. Anxiety and depression in polycystic ovary syndrome: a comprehensive investigation. Fertil Steril 2010;93:2421-3. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
5. Benson S, Arck P, Tan S, Hahn S, Mann K, Rifaie N, et al. Disturbed stress responses in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2009;34:727-35. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
6. Bhattacharya SM, Jha A. Prevalence and risk of depressive disorders in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Fertil Steril 2010;94:357-9. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
7. Laggari V, Diareme S, Christogiorgos S, Deligeoroglou E, Christopoulos P, Tsiantis J, et al. Anxiety and depression in adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome and Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol 2009;30:83-8. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
8. Herrmann C. International experiences with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale: a review of validation data and clinical results. J Psychosom Res 1997;42:17-41. [DOI via Crossref]   
9. Ferriman D, Gallwey JD. Clinical assessment of body hair growth in women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1961;21:1440-7. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
10. Lever WF, Schaumburg-Lever G. Acne vulgaris. Histopathology of the skin, 7th edn. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, 1990. pp. 218-9.
11. Rassi A, Veras AB, dos Reis M, Pastore DL, Bruno LM, Bruno RV, et al. Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. Compr Psychiatry. 2010;51:599-602. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
12. Hollinrake E, Abreu A, Maifeld M, Van Voorhis BJ, Dokras A. Increased risk of depressive disorders in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertil Steril. 2007;87:1369-76. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
13. Månsson M, Holte J, Landin-Wilhelmsen K, Dahlgren E, Johansson A, Landén M. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome are often depressed or anxious - a case control study. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2008;33:1132-8. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
14. Kerchner A, Lester W, Stuart SP, Dokras A. Risk of depression and other mental health disorders in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a longitudinal study. Fertil Steril 2009;91: 207-12. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
15. Hussain A, Chandel RK, Ganie MA, Dar MA, Rather YH, Wani ZA, et al. Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in patients with a diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome in Kashmir. Indian J Psychol Med 2015;37:66-70. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
16. Lipton MG, Sherr L, Elford J, Rustin MH, Clayton WJ. Women living with facial hair: the psychological and behavioral burden. J Psychosom Res 2006;61:161-8. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
17. Yazici K, Baz K, Yazici AE, Köktürk A, Tot S, Demirseren D, et al. Disease-specific quality of life is associated with anxiety and depression in patients with acne. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2004;18:435-9. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
18. Petry NM, Barry D, Pietrzak RH, Wagner JA. Overweight and obesity are associated with psychiatric disorders: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on alcohol and related conditions. Psychosom Med 2008;70:288-97. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Suneet Kumar Upadhyaya, Archana Sharma, Atul Agrawal. Prevalence of anxiety and depression in polycystic ovarian syndrome. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 681-683. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30072015110


Web Style

Suneet Kumar Upadhyaya, Archana Sharma, Atul Agrawal. Prevalence of anxiety and depression in polycystic ovarian syndrome. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=197853 [Access: November 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30072015110


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Suneet Kumar Upadhyaya, Archana Sharma, Atul Agrawal. Prevalence of anxiety and depression in polycystic ovarian syndrome. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 681-683. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30072015110



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Suneet Kumar Upadhyaya, Archana Sharma, Atul Agrawal. Prevalence of anxiety and depression in polycystic ovarian syndrome. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2016), [cited November 21, 2018]; 5(4): 681-683. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30072015110



Harvard Style

Suneet Kumar Upadhyaya, Archana Sharma, Atul Agrawal (2016) Prevalence of anxiety and depression in polycystic ovarian syndrome. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 5 (4), 681-683. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30072015110



Turabian Style

Suneet Kumar Upadhyaya, Archana Sharma, Atul Agrawal. 2016. Prevalence of anxiety and depression in polycystic ovarian syndrome. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (4), 681-683. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30072015110



Chicago Style

Suneet Kumar Upadhyaya, Archana Sharma, Atul Agrawal. "Prevalence of anxiety and depression in polycystic ovarian syndrome." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5 (2016), 681-683. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30072015110



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Suneet Kumar Upadhyaya, Archana Sharma, Atul Agrawal. "Prevalence of anxiety and depression in polycystic ovarian syndrome." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5.4 (2016), 681-683. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30072015110



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Suneet Kumar Upadhyaya, Archana Sharma, Atul Agrawal (2016) Prevalence of anxiety and depression in polycystic ovarian syndrome. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (4), 681-683. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.30072015110





Most Viewed Articles
  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Gunthers with haemolytic anaemia extremly rare: A case report
    Nilesh Kumar, Ankur Varshney, Arvind Anand, Dibyaranjan Behera, Ravi Anand, Ashutosh Tiwari
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 472-474
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.313-315

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 23 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 13 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Clinico-microbiological profile of women with vaginal discharge in a tertiary care hospital of northern India
    Varsha Chaudhary, Ved Prakesh, Kian Agarwal, Vijender Kumar Agrawal, Arun Singh, Sachin Pandey
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 75-80
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.75-80
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Correlation between obesity and cardio respiratory fitness
    Prabha Setty, BV Padmanabha, BR Doddamani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 300-304
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.298-302
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Migration and health-care access: Barriers to access government health services by migrant tribal community living in an eastern Indian city
    Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(1): 101-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.0110201424
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Initial default among tuberculosis patients diagnosed in selected medical colleges of Puducherry: issues and possible interventions
    Divija Pillai, Anil J Purty, Stalin Prabakaran, Zile Singh, Govindarajan Soundappan, Velavan Anandan
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(7): 957-960
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.30012015196
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The surgical approach in huge scrotal lymphedema
    Hiren Dahyabhai Parmar
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 153-155
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.153-155
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]