E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Family planning knowledge, attitude, and practices among the currently married women (aged 15–45 years) in an urban area of Rohtak district, Haryana

Vikas Gupta, Debjyoti Mohapatra, Vijay Kumar.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Background: By 2050, the world’s population is expected to reach 9 billion. India accounts for 17.5% of the world’s population. In the year 2011, the couple protection rate was about 40% for India, which is still far behind to achieve the 60% couple protection rate goal. Since the inception of the program, several knowledge, attitude, and practice studies have been conducted.

Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of the family planning methods and various sociodemographic parameters and enhance the contraceptive practice among the eligible couples in an urban area of Haryana.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in an urban health-training center area of Rohtak district, Haryana. The study participants involved were currently married women aged 15–45 years (eligible couples). The line listing of all the eligible couples was done, and by systematic random sampling methodology, 10% of the currently married women were selected, which came out to be 320. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS software, version 16.0 (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences); we calculated percentages and applied the X2-test wherever necessary and required.

Results: In this study, the total sample consisted of 318 participants, and the mean age of the participants was 32.76 ± 4.6 years. Moving to other variables, it was observed in this study that most of the participants were presenting socioeconomic status (SES) as middle class (35.7%) and lower-middle class (37.2%), followed by upper-middle class (19.6%), and the least participants belonged to the upper class (3.3%) and lower class (4.2%). Around 62% participants were currently using one or more of the various family planning methods. Female sterilization (45.6%) was the most common chosen method used among the contraceptive users, followed by intrauterine contraceptive device (23%) and condom (22%); the least preference was given to oral contraceptive pill (OCP) (9.2%). When asked specifically regarding the individual type of family planning method, most awareness was toward OCP (97.7%) and the least awareness observed for the traditional methods (30.5%). The awareness source for family planning methods were mainly doctors/multipurpose health workers/anganwadi workers (70.4%).

Conclusion: On the basis of observations of our study, it was concluded that education and contraceptive practices were directly related. Health workers and mass media are playing very important roles in disseminating information about the promotion of contraceptive practices and can overcome the knowledge/practice gap.

Key words: Family planning, eligible couples, female sterilization


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Vikas Gupta
Articles by Debjyoti Mohapatra
Articles by Vijay Kumar
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 3719
Downloaded: 3288
Cited: 1


REFERENCES
1. The World Bank. Population-Projection India. Washington, DC: The World Bank, 2015. Available at: http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/population-projection-tables (last accessed on March 8, 2015).
2. World Health Organization. Family Planning in Health Services: Report of a WHO Expert Committee. Geneva: WHO, 1971.
3. National Health Mission. Family planning. National Health Mission Components: RMNCH+A: Adolescent Health. New Delhi: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, 2013. Available at: http://nrhm.gov.in/nrhm-components/rmnch-a/adolescent-health/adolescent-health/background.html (last accessed on March 8, 2015).
4. International Institute for Population Sciences. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005–06: India: Volume I. Mumbai, India: IIPS, 2007. Available at: http://www.rchiips.org/nfhs/report.shtml (last accessed on March 8, 2015).
5. Park K. Park's Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, 23rd edn. New Delhi, India: Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers, 2015. pp. 504–8.
6. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Target-Free Approach in Family Welfare Programme. New Delhi: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, 1996.
7. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. National Health Policy. New Delhi: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, 1983.
8. Verma R. Manual of Practical Community Medicine, 2nd edn. Chandigarh: Saurabh Medical Publishers, 2014. p. 7.
9. Srivastav A, Khan MS, Chauhan CR. Knowledge, attitude and practices about contraceptive among married reproductive females. Int J Sci Stud 2014;1(5):2–4.
10. Khan MM, Shaikh ST, Shroff AG. Study of knowledge and practice of contraception in urban slum community, Mumbai. Int J Curr Med Appl Sci 2014;3(2):35–41.
11. Makade KG, Padhyegurjar M, Padhyegurjar SB, Kulkarni RN. Study of contraceptive use among married women in a slum in Mumbai. Natl J Community Med 2012;3(1):40–3.
12. Patel R, Prasad S. Family planning in an urban Gujarat slum: a kap survey. Proceedings of Research Forum; March 8, 2014; Health Partners, Bloomington.
13. National Health Mission: Health Management Information System (HMIS) Portal. Results of District Level Household Survey-IV. New Delhi: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, 2012–2013.
14. Takkar N, Goel P, Saha PK, Dua D. Contraceptive practices and awareness of emergency contraception in educated working women. Indian J Med Sci 2005;59(4):143–9. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
15. Patro BK, Kant S, Baridalyne N, Goswami AK. Contraceptive practices among married women in a resettlement colony of Delhi. Health Popul Perspect Issues 2005;28(1):9–16.
16. Reang T, Singh TG. Community perceptions on family planning among eligible couples in an urban slum of Hatta area of Imphal east district, Manipur. J Evol Med Dent Sci 2014;3(14):3770–80. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
17. Saluja N, Sharma S, Choudhary S, Gaur D, Pandey S. Contraceptive knowledge, attitude and practice among eligible couples of rural Haryana. Internet J Health 2011;12(1):56–9.
18. Kaushal K, Saxena SC, Srivastava VK, Gupta SC, Nigam S. KAP study on contraceptive methods in Kanpur district of UP. Natl J Community Med 2010;3(2):20–5.

This Article Cited By the following articles

Knowledge, attitude and practice towards family planning among reproductive age women in a resource limited settings of Northwest Ethiopia
BMC Res Notes 2018; 11(1): .

1
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Vikas Gupta, Debjyoti Mohapatra, Vijay Kumar. Family planning knowledge, attitude, and practices among the currently married women (aged 15–45 years) in an urban area of Rohtak district, Haryana. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 627-632. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.12082015100


Web Style

Vikas Gupta, Debjyoti Mohapatra, Vijay Kumar. Family planning knowledge, attitude, and practices among the currently married women (aged 15–45 years) in an urban area of Rohtak district, Haryana. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=199530 [Access: December 06, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.12082015100


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Vikas Gupta, Debjyoti Mohapatra, Vijay Kumar. Family planning knowledge, attitude, and practices among the currently married women (aged 15–45 years) in an urban area of Rohtak district, Haryana. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 627-632. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.12082015100



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Vikas Gupta, Debjyoti Mohapatra, Vijay Kumar. Family planning knowledge, attitude, and practices among the currently married women (aged 15–45 years) in an urban area of Rohtak district, Haryana. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2016), [cited December 06, 2019]; 5(4): 627-632. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.12082015100



Harvard Style

Vikas Gupta, Debjyoti Mohapatra, Vijay Kumar (2016) Family planning knowledge, attitude, and practices among the currently married women (aged 15–45 years) in an urban area of Rohtak district, Haryana. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 5 (4), 627-632. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.12082015100



Turabian Style

Vikas Gupta, Debjyoti Mohapatra, Vijay Kumar. 2016. Family planning knowledge, attitude, and practices among the currently married women (aged 15–45 years) in an urban area of Rohtak district, Haryana. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (4), 627-632. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.12082015100



Chicago Style

Vikas Gupta, Debjyoti Mohapatra, Vijay Kumar. "Family planning knowledge, attitude, and practices among the currently married women (aged 15–45 years) in an urban area of Rohtak district, Haryana." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5 (2016), 627-632. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.12082015100



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Vikas Gupta, Debjyoti Mohapatra, Vijay Kumar. "Family planning knowledge, attitude, and practices among the currently married women (aged 15–45 years) in an urban area of Rohtak district, Haryana." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5.4 (2016), 627-632. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.12082015100



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Vikas Gupta, Debjyoti Mohapatra, Vijay Kumar (2016) Family planning knowledge, attitude, and practices among the currently married women (aged 15–45 years) in an urban area of Rohtak district, Haryana. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (4), 627-632. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.12082015100





Most Viewed Articles
  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Gunthers with haemolytic anaemia extremly rare: A case report
    Nilesh Kumar, Ankur Varshney, Arvind Anand, Dibyaranjan Behera, Ravi Anand, Ashutosh Tiwari
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 472-474
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.313-315

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana—a clinical survey
    Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1475-1478
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 27 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 16 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Abdominal volume index and conicity index in predicting metabolic abnormalities in young women of different socioeconomic class
    Vikram Gowda, Kripa Mariyam Philip
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1452-1456
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13102015231
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Migration and health-care access: Barriers to access government health services by migrant tribal community living in an eastern Indian city
    Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(1): 101-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.0110201424
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and clinical characteristics of autism spectrum disorders in school-age children in Taif- KSA
    Ali H.S Al-Zahrani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 578-582
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.160420133
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study on the prevalence of refractive errors among school childern of 7-15 years age group in the field practice areas of a medical college in bangalore
    Pavithra MB, Maheshwaran R, Rani Sujatha MA
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 641-645
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.220420131
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]