E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Childhood overweight and obesity in an urban population of Kashmir—a cross-sectional study

Malik Waseem Raja, Aanisa Nazir, Inaamul Haq, Mir Mujtaba Ahmad.

Abstract
Background: Childhood overweight and obesity is a growing public health problem and reflects the future burden of noncommunicable diseases in a population.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of childhood obesity and overweight in the study sample.

Materials and Methods: A health center-based cross-sectional study was conducted between April 2015 and July 2015. School-age children and adolescents between 5 and 18 years of age were examined. Weight and height were measured by standard methods with light clothing and without shoes. Age was determined from date of birth. Obesity and overweight were defined according to new Indian Academy of Pediatrics 2015 growth references.

Result: Three hundred and three school-age children and adolescents were examined. Body mass index was significantly related to age but not to gender. The boy:girl ratio was 1.03. The overall prevalence of obesity and overweight was 5.0% and 6.6%, respectively. Obesity was highest in the >12–18 years age group. The prevalence of obesity and overweight among boys was not significantly different from girls.

Conclusion: Childhood obesity and overweight is prevalent in the study population.

Key words: Prevalence, overweight, obesity, childhood, adolescence


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Malik Waseem Raja
Articles by Aanisa Nazir
Articles by Inaamul Haq
Articles by Mir Mujtaba Ahmad
on Google
on Google Scholar


REFERENCES
1. Lobstein T, Baur L, Uauy R; IASO International Obesity TaskForce. Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health. Obes Rev 2004;(Suppl 1):S4-104. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
2. Wang Y, Lobstein T. Worldwide trends in childhood overweight and obesity. Int J Pediatr Obes 2006;1(1):11-25. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
3. World Health Organization. The World Health Report 2002—Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life. Geneva: WHO, 2002. Available at: http://www.who.int/whr/2002/en/
4. Tremblay MS, Katzmarzyk PT, Willms JD. Temporal trends in overweight and obesity in Canada, 1981-1996. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2002;26(4):538-43. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
5. Wang Y, Monteiro C, Popkin BM. Trends of obesity and underweight in older children and adolescents in the United States, Brazil, China, and Russia. Am J Clin Nutr 2002;75(6):971-7. [Pubmed]   
6. McCarthy HD, Ellis SM, Cole TJ. Central overweight and obesity in British youth aged 11-16 years: cross sectional surveys of waist circumference. BMJ 2003;326(7390):624. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
7. Rudolf MC, Greenwood DC, Cole TJ, Levine R, Sahota P, Walker J, et al. Rising obesity and expanding waistlines in schoolchildren: a cohort study. Arch Dis Child 2004;89(3):235-7. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
8. Gupta AK, Ahmad AJ. Childhood obesity and hypertension. Indian Pediatr 1990;27(4):333-7. [Pubmed]   
9. Kapil U, Singh P, Pathak P, Dwivedi SN, Bhasin S. Prevalence of obesity amongst affluent adolescent school children in Delhi. Indian Pediatr 2002;39(5):449-52. [Pubmed]   
10. Sharma A, Sharma K, Mathur KP. Growth pattern and prevalence of obesity in affluent schoolchildren of Delhi. Public Health Nutr 2007;10(5):485-91. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
11. Marwaha RK, Tandon N, Singh Y, Aggarwal R, Grewal K, Mani K. A study of growth parameters and prevalence of overweight and obesity in school children from Delhi. Indian Pediatr 2006;43(11):943-52. [Pubmed]   
12. Mehta M, Bhasin SK, Agrawal K, Dwivedi S. Obesity amongst affluent adolescent girls. Indian J Pediatr 2007;74(7):619-22. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
13. Mohan B, Kumar N, Aslam N, Rangbulla A, Kumbkarni S, Sood NK, Wander GS. Prevalence of sustained hypertension and obesity in urban and rural school going children in Ludhiana. Indian Heart J 2004;56(4):310-4. [Pubmed]   
14. Chhatwal J, Verma M, Riar SK. Obesity among pre-adolescent and adolescents of a developing country (India). Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2004;13(3):231-5. [Pubmed]   
15. Sidhu S, Marwah G, Prabhjot. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among the affluent adolescent schoolchildren of Amritsar, Punjab. Coll Antropol 2005;29(1):53-5. [Pubmed]   
16. Sidhu S, Kaur N, Kaur R. Overweight and obesity in affluent school children of Punjab. Ann Hum Biol 2006;33(2):255-9. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
17. Pandher AK, Sangha J, Chawla P. Childhood obesity among Punjabi children in relation to physical activity and their blood profile. J Hum Ecol 2004;15(3):179-82.
18. Singh R, Bhansali A, Sialy R, Aggarwal A. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in adolescents from a north Indian population. Diabet Med 2007;24(2):195-9. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
19. Subramanyam V, Jayashree R, Rafi M. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in affluent adolescent girls in Chennai in 1981 and 1998. Indian Pediatr 2003;40(8):775-9. Erratum in: Indian Pediatr 2004;41(4):357. [Pubmed]   
20. Ramachandran A, Snehalatha C, Vinitha R, Thayyil M, Kumar CK, Sheeba L, et al. Prevalence of overweight in urban Indian adolescent school children. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2002;57(3):185-90. [DOI via Crossref]   
21. Laxmaiah A, Nagalla B, Vijayaraghavan K, Nair M. Factors affecting prevalence of overweight among 12- to 17-year-old urban adolescents in Hyderabad, India. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2007;15(6):1384-90. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
22. Sood A, Sundararaj P, Sharma S, Kurpad AV, Muthayya S. BMI and body fat percent: affluent adolescent girls in Bangalore City. Indian Pediatr 2007;44(8):587-91. [Pubmed]   
23. Agarwal KN, Saxena A, Bansal AK, Agarwal DK. Physical growth assessment in adolescence. Indian Pediatr 2001;38(11):1217-35. [Pubmed]   
24. Raj M, Sundaram KR, Paul M, Deepa AS, Kumar RK. Obesity in Indian children: time trends and relationship with hypertension. Natl Med J India 2007;20(6):288-93. [Pubmed]   
25. Indian Academy of Pediatrics Growth Charts Committee, Khadilkar V, Yadav S, Agrawal KK, Tamboli S, Banerjee M, et al. Revised IAP growth charts for height, weight and body mass index for 5- to 18-year-old Indian children. Indian Pediatr 2015;52(1):47-55. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
26. Kêkê LM, Samouda H, Jacobs J, di Pompeo C, Lemdani M, Hubert H, et al. Body mass index and childhood obesity classification systems: a comparison of the French, International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) and World Health Organization (WHO) references. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique 2015;63(3):173-82. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
27. Barbu CG, Teleman MD, Albu AI, Sirbu AE, Martin SC, Bancescu A, Fica SV. Obesity and eating behaviors in school children and adolescents—data from a cross sectional study from Bucharest, Romania. BMC Public Health 2015;15:206. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
28. O Musaiger A, Al-Mannai M, Al-Marzog Q. Overweight and obesity among children (10-13 years) in Bahrain: a comparison between two international standards. Pak J Med Sci 2014; 30(3):497-500. [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
29. Bahreini N, Noor MI, Koon PB, Talib RA, Lubis SH, Dashti MG, et al. Weight status among Iranian adolescents: comparison of four different criteria. J Res Med Sci 2013;18(8):641-6. [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
30. Malina RM, Katzmarzyk PT. Validity of the body mass index as an indicator of the risk and presence of overweight in adolescents. Am J Clin Nutr 1999;70(1 Part 2):131S-6S.
31. de Onis M, Onyango AW, Borghi E, Siyam A, Nishida C, Siekmann J. Development of a WHO growth reference for school-aged children and adolescents. Bull World Health Organ 2007;85(9):660-7. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
32. Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ 2000;320(7244):1240-3. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Malik Waseem Raja, Aanisa Nazir, Inaamul Haq, Mir Mujtaba Ahmad. Childhood overweight and obesity in an urban population of Kashmir—a cross-sectional study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1404-1407. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015212


Web Style

Malik Waseem Raja, Aanisa Nazir, Inaamul Haq, Mir Mujtaba Ahmad. Childhood overweight and obesity in an urban population of Kashmir—a cross-sectional study. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=199609 [Access: September 27, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015212


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Malik Waseem Raja, Aanisa Nazir, Inaamul Haq, Mir Mujtaba Ahmad. Childhood overweight and obesity in an urban population of Kashmir—a cross-sectional study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1404-1407. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015212



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Malik Waseem Raja, Aanisa Nazir, Inaamul Haq, Mir Mujtaba Ahmad. Childhood overweight and obesity in an urban population of Kashmir—a cross-sectional study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2016), [cited September 27, 2020]; 5(7): 1404-1407. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015212



Harvard Style

Malik Waseem Raja, Aanisa Nazir, Inaamul Haq, Mir Mujtaba Ahmad (2016) Childhood overweight and obesity in an urban population of Kashmir—a cross-sectional study. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 5 (7), 1404-1407. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015212



Turabian Style

Malik Waseem Raja, Aanisa Nazir, Inaamul Haq, Mir Mujtaba Ahmad. 2016. Childhood overweight and obesity in an urban population of Kashmir—a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (7), 1404-1407. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015212



Chicago Style

Malik Waseem Raja, Aanisa Nazir, Inaamul Haq, Mir Mujtaba Ahmad. "Childhood overweight and obesity in an urban population of Kashmir—a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5 (2016), 1404-1407. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015212



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Malik Waseem Raja, Aanisa Nazir, Inaamul Haq, Mir Mujtaba Ahmad. "Childhood overweight and obesity in an urban population of Kashmir—a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5.7 (2016), 1404-1407. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015212



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Malik Waseem Raja, Aanisa Nazir, Inaamul Haq, Mir Mujtaba Ahmad (2016) Childhood overweight and obesity in an urban population of Kashmir—a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (7), 1404-1407. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015212





Most Viewed Articles
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 34 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 16 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]