E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Evaluation of certain risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a case–control study

Viresh Ashok Nandimath, Chaithra Shivakumar Swamy, Santosh Ashok Nandimath, Gajanan Jatti, Sachin Jadhav.

Abstract
Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is the most general type of diabetes. It usually occurs after age of 40 years. In India, the risk factors for diabetes are seen more frequently, and along with this, there is ignorance about diabetes mellitus and the lack of perception about this problem.

Objective: To study the prevalent risk factors (nonmodifiable and modifiable) of type 2 diabetes mellitus and to estimate strength of association of these risk factors and occurrence of the disease.

Materials and Methods: This case–control study was conducted at Endocrine and Diabetes Research Center and Tertiary-Care Hospital, Miraj. Maharashtra, India. Predesigned and pretested pro forma semi open-ended questionnaire was used to collect data from cases and control subjects. A total of 300 type 2 diabetes mellitus cases and 600 control subjects were included in this study.

Result: About 54.33% of cases were observed in the age group of > 40–50 years. About 69.66% were male and 30.34% female cases. There was significant association between modifiable risk factors and type 2 diabetes mellitus, while nonmodifiable risk factors (age, gender) were not significantly associated.

Conclusion: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease of multifactorial causation.

Key words: Alcohol consumption, body mass index (BMI), cigarette smoking, physical activity, risk factors, type 2 diabetes mellitus


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Viresh Ashok Nandimath, Chaithra Shivakumar Swamy, Santosh Ashok Nandimath, Gajanan Jatti, Sachin Jadhav. Evaluation of certain risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a case–control study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1334-1339. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13092015197


Web Style

Viresh Ashok Nandimath, Chaithra Shivakumar Swamy, Santosh Ashok Nandimath, Gajanan Jatti, Sachin Jadhav. Evaluation of certain risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a case–control study. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=201707 [Access: September 28, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13092015197


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Viresh Ashok Nandimath, Chaithra Shivakumar Swamy, Santosh Ashok Nandimath, Gajanan Jatti, Sachin Jadhav. Evaluation of certain risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a case–control study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1334-1339. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13092015197



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Viresh Ashok Nandimath, Chaithra Shivakumar Swamy, Santosh Ashok Nandimath, Gajanan Jatti, Sachin Jadhav. Evaluation of certain risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a case–control study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2016), [cited September 28, 2020]; 5(7): 1334-1339. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13092015197



Harvard Style

Viresh Ashok Nandimath, Chaithra Shivakumar Swamy, Santosh Ashok Nandimath, Gajanan Jatti, Sachin Jadhav (2016) Evaluation of certain risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a case–control study. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 5 (7), 1334-1339. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13092015197



Turabian Style

Viresh Ashok Nandimath, Chaithra Shivakumar Swamy, Santosh Ashok Nandimath, Gajanan Jatti, Sachin Jadhav. 2016. Evaluation of certain risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a case–control study. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (7), 1334-1339. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13092015197



Chicago Style

Viresh Ashok Nandimath, Chaithra Shivakumar Swamy, Santosh Ashok Nandimath, Gajanan Jatti, Sachin Jadhav. "Evaluation of certain risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a case–control study." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5 (2016), 1334-1339. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13092015197



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Viresh Ashok Nandimath, Chaithra Shivakumar Swamy, Santosh Ashok Nandimath, Gajanan Jatti, Sachin Jadhav. "Evaluation of certain risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a case–control study." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5.7 (2016), 1334-1339. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13092015197



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Viresh Ashok Nandimath, Chaithra Shivakumar Swamy, Santosh Ashok Nandimath, Gajanan Jatti, Sachin Jadhav (2016) Evaluation of certain risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a case–control study. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (7), 1334-1339. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13092015197





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