E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Comparison of the effectiveness of horizontal integration with traditional teaching approach in first-year MBBS students

Vijaya Lakshmi Gaddam, Vikram Gowda, Kannan Vaidyanathan.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Background: The traditional curriculum is “discipline based” with high degree of compartmentalization of different subjects into preclinical, paraclinical, and clinical branches. Students often fail to get a comprehensive knowledge of the subjects, resulting in poor performance in the examinations. The relevance of the various subjects is not appreciated, and the knowledge gained is inadequate for clinical application. The outcome of the curriculum gets defeated when the students on graduation are unable to meet the needs of the society as “physicians of first contact.” This study was conducted to know whether integrated teaching results in better performance in the examinations.

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of horizontal integrated approach with traditional teaching approach in first-year MBBS students in the study of the structure, function, and relevant biochemical aspects of the bone.

Material and Methods: Hundred students of first-year MBBS were randomly allocated into the study group and the control group. The students of the study group were exposed to horizontal integrated teaching of bone by faculty from the departments of anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry. The students of the control group were exposed to traditional lectures by the same faculty on different days during the routine class schedules. Assessment was conducted on both the groups by a written examination, and their results were tabulated. Statistical analysis was done using unpaired t-test. The students of the control group were also given the integrated session after the assessment was completed, and a feedback was obtained from both the groups.

Result: There was significant difference in the marks obtained on comparison between the two groups of students (P = 0.0022; 95% confidence interval: -8.705, -1.985). Feedback from the students showed that 75% of them felt that integrated teaching helped in better comprehension of the subjects. Majority of the students (70%) felt that integrated approach to teaching was better than the traditional, and 64% of the students felt that it helped in better retention of knowledge and easier recollection during the examinations.

Conclusion: The learning outcome as measured by the assessment was better in the group that was exposed to the integrated approach of teaching, compared with that exposed to traditional teaching.

Key words: Medical curriculum, integrated approach, traditional approach, better comprehension


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Vijaya Lakshmi Gaddam
Articles by Vikram Gowda
Articles by Kannan Vaidyanathan
on Google
on Google Scholar


REFERENCES
1. Doraisamy R, Radhakrishnan S. The effectiveness of integrated teaching over traditional teaching among first year MBBS students: a preliminary study. Med J DY Patil Univ 2013;6:139–41. [DOI via Crossref]   
2. Joglekar S, Bhuryan PS, Kishore S. Integrated teaching—our experience. J Postgrad Med 1994;40:231–2. [Pubmed]   
3. Bradley P, Mattick K. Integration of Basic and Clinical Sciences. AMEE 2008. Available at: http://www.amee.org/getattachment/Conferences/AMEE-Past-Conferences/AMEE-Conference-2008/Int (last accessed on September 3, 2015).
4. Vidic B, Weitlauf HM. Horizontal and vertical integration of academic disciplines in the medical school curriculum. Clin Anat 2002;15:233–5. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
5. Sharma S, Kacker S, Jha M. Effectiveness of horizontal integrated teaching programme in medical curriculum. Int J Pharm Sci Res (IJPSR) 2015;6(6):976–80.
6. MCI Regulations on Graduate Medical Education, 2012, Section 4.2. Available at: http://www.mciindia.org/tools/announcement/Revised_GME_2012.pdf (last accessed on September 3, 2015).
7. Kalpana Kumari MK, Mysorekar VV, Raja S. Student's perception about integrated teaching in an undergraduate medical curriculum. J Clin Diagn Res 2011;5:1256–9.
8. Ghosh S, Pandya HV. Implementation of an integrated learning program in neuroscience during the first year of the traditional medical course: perception of the students and faculty. BMC Med Educ 2008;8:44. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
9. Vyas R, Jacob M, Faith M, Isacc B, Rabi S, Satish Kumar S, et al. An effective, integrated learning programme in the first year of the medical course. Natl Med J India 2008;21:1–6.
10. Alsaggaf S, Ali SS, Ayoub NN, Eldeek BS, El-Haggahy A. A model of horizontal and vertical integration of teaching on the cadaveric heart. Ann Anat 2010;192(6):373–7. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
11. Kate MS, Kulkarni UJ, Supe A, Deshmukh YA, Introducing integrated teaching in undergraduate medical curriculum. Intl J Pharm Sci Res (IJPSR) 2010;1:18–22.
12. Marreez YMAH, Wells M, Eisen A, Rosenberg L, Park D, Schaller F, et al. Towards integrating basic and clinical sciences: our experience at Touro University, Nevada. Med Sci Educ 2013;23(4):595–606. [DOI via Crossref]   
13. Schmidt HG, Machiels-Bongaerts M, Hermans H, ten Cate TJ, Venekamp R, Boshuizen HP. The development of diagnostic competence: comparison of a problem based, an integrated and a conventional medical curriculum. Acad Med 1996;71:658–64. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
14. Hassan S. Concepts of vertical and horizontal integration as an approach to integrated curriculum. Educ Med J 2013;5(4):e1–5. [DOI via Crossref]   

This Article Cited By the following articles

Does a novel teaching approach work? A Students' perspective
Nurse Education Today 2020; 85(): 104229.

1
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Vijaya Lakshmi Gaddam, Vikram Gowda, Kannan Vaidyanathan. Comparison of the effectiveness of horizontal integration with traditional teaching approach in first-year MBBS students. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1360-1363. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.07102015202


Web Style

Vijaya Lakshmi Gaddam, Vikram Gowda, Kannan Vaidyanathan. Comparison of the effectiveness of horizontal integration with traditional teaching approach in first-year MBBS students. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=204517 [Access: September 28, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.07102015202


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Vijaya Lakshmi Gaddam, Vikram Gowda, Kannan Vaidyanathan. Comparison of the effectiveness of horizontal integration with traditional teaching approach in first-year MBBS students. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1360-1363. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.07102015202



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Vijaya Lakshmi Gaddam, Vikram Gowda, Kannan Vaidyanathan. Comparison of the effectiveness of horizontal integration with traditional teaching approach in first-year MBBS students. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2016), [cited September 28, 2020]; 5(7): 1360-1363. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.07102015202



Harvard Style

Vijaya Lakshmi Gaddam, Vikram Gowda, Kannan Vaidyanathan (2016) Comparison of the effectiveness of horizontal integration with traditional teaching approach in first-year MBBS students. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 5 (7), 1360-1363. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.07102015202



Turabian Style

Vijaya Lakshmi Gaddam, Vikram Gowda, Kannan Vaidyanathan. 2016. Comparison of the effectiveness of horizontal integration with traditional teaching approach in first-year MBBS students. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (7), 1360-1363. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.07102015202



Chicago Style

Vijaya Lakshmi Gaddam, Vikram Gowda, Kannan Vaidyanathan. "Comparison of the effectiveness of horizontal integration with traditional teaching approach in first-year MBBS students." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5 (2016), 1360-1363. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.07102015202



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Vijaya Lakshmi Gaddam, Vikram Gowda, Kannan Vaidyanathan. "Comparison of the effectiveness of horizontal integration with traditional teaching approach in first-year MBBS students." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5.7 (2016), 1360-1363. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.07102015202



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Vijaya Lakshmi Gaddam, Vikram Gowda, Kannan Vaidyanathan (2016) Comparison of the effectiveness of horizontal integration with traditional teaching approach in first-year MBBS students. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (7), 1360-1363. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.07102015202





Most Viewed Articles
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 34 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 16 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]