E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


A study of prevalence and certain lifestyle risk factors of essential hypertension in a rural area in Telangana, India

T V D Prathyusha, V G Prasad, G S Saiprasad, K Nagaraj.

Abstract
Background: Hypertension (Hypertension) with all its complications has emerged as one of the most important non communicable diseases in urban as well as rural areas of India. Effective surveillance of the disease involves collection of accurate data on its prevalence and its risk factors. In rural India, there is a dearth of data on the prevalence and risk factors of Hypertension, especially of the lifestyle-related risk factors. This information is essential to plan prevention strategies.

Objective: To assess the prevalence of Hypertension in rural population of the field practice area of Cherlapally among adults above the age group of 30 years and to determine the lifestyle risk factors for Hypertension in the abovementioned study population.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in a rural area of Nalgonda District, Telangana, India, to determine the prevalence of the disease and certain lifestyle risk factors using the World Health Organization STEP wise approach to surveillance methodology. A total of 1,500 persons from six villages drawn by multistage systematic random sampling were studied.

Result: The prevalence of Hypertension was 24.5% in men, 20.7% in women, and 22.5% in total. The prevalence of prehypertension, stage I Hypertension, and stage II Hypertension were 26.9%, 7.5%, and 3.0%, respectively, the prevalence of Hypertension was seen to increase with age in both the genders. Association of Hypertension with tobacco use, high body mass index, abdominal obesity, high salt intake, and physical inactivity during work, transport, and leisure of study subjects was statistically highly significant.

Conclusion: The need to have targeted programs to modify and reduce the impact of lifestyle risk factors has been identified as an important strategy for rural areas.

Key words: NCD, hypertension, prevalence, lifestyle risk factors, WHO STEPS


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by T V D Prathyusha
Articles by V G Prasad
Articles by G S Saiprasad
Articles by K Nagaraj
on Google
on Google Scholar


REFERENCES
1. Joshi SR, Saboo B, Vadivale M, Dani SI, Mithal A, Kaul U, et al. Prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes and hypertension in India—results from the Screening India’s Twin Epidemic (SITE) Study. Diabetes Technol Ther 2012; 14:8-15. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
2. Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, Cushman WC, Green LA, Izzo JL Jr, et al; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure; National High Blood Pressure Education Program Coordinating Committee. The seventh report of the Joint National Committee on prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure: The JNC 7 Report. JAMA 2003;289(19):2560-72. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
3. Gupta R. Rethinking diseases of affluence; coronary heart diseases in developing countries. South Asia J Prevent Cardiol 2006;10(2):65-78.
4. Subburam R, Sankarapandian M, Gopinath DR, Selvarajan SK, Kabilan L. Prevalence of hypertension and correlates among adults of 45-60 years in a rural area of Tamil Nadu. Indian J Public Health 2009;53(1):37-40. [Pubmed]   
5. Todkar SS, Gujarathi VV, Tapare VS. Period prevalence and sociodemographic factors of hypertension in rural Maharashtra: a cross-sectional study. Indian J Community Med 2009;34(3): 183-7. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
6. Thankappan KR, Shah B, Mathur P, Sarma PS, Srinivas G, Mini GK, et al. Risk factor profile for chronic non-communicable diseases: results of a community-based study in Kerala India. Indian J Med Res 2010;131(1):53-63. [Pubmed]   
7. Joshi U, Modi B, Yadav S. A study on prevalence of chewing form of tobacco and existing quitting patterns in urban population of Jamnagar, Gujarat. Indian J Community Med 2010;35(1):105-8. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
8. Krishnan A, Shah B, Lal V, Shukla DK, Paul E, Kapoor SK. Prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable disease in a rural area of Faridabad district of Haryana. Indian J Public Health 2008;52(3):117-24. [Pubmed]   
9. Mohan V, Mathur P, Deepa R, Deepa M, Shukla DK, Menon GR, et al. Urban rural differences in prevalence of self-reported diabetes in India—the WHO-ICMR Indian NCD risk factor surveillance. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2008;80(1):159-68. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
10. Integrated Disease Surveillance Project. Government of India, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Available at: http:// www.idsp.nic.in/ (last accessed on November 30, 2011).
11. Anand K, Pandav CS, Kapoor SK, Leowski J. Integrated community-based intervention against the risk factors for NCDs—early lessons from the demonstration project undertaken at Ballabgarh, India. Reg Health Forum 2006;10(2):11-2.
12. Mehan MB, Surabhi S, Solanki GT. Risk factor profile of non-communicable diseases among middle-income (18-65 years) free-living urban population of India. Int J Diab Dev Countries 2006;26(4):169-76. [DOI via Crossref]   
13. Sugathan TN, Soman CR, Sankaranarayana K. Behavioural risk factors for non-communicable diseases among adults in Kerala, India. Indian J Med Res 2008;127(6):555-63. [Pubmed]   
14. World Health Organization. WHO STEPS Surveillance Manual (STEPS-wise Approach to Surveillance). Available at: http://www.who.int/chp/steps/manual/en/index4.html (last accessed on May 15, 2010).
15. World Health Organization. Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). Analysis Guide. Available at: http://www.who.int/chp/steps/resources/GPAQ_Analysis_Guide.pdf (last accessed on March 10, 2011).
16. World Health Organization. Global Database on Body Mass Index an Interactive Surveillance Tool for Monitoring Nutrition Transition. Available at: http://apps.who.int/bmi/index.jsp (last accessed on August 28, 2012).
17. Kokiwar PR, Gupta SS. Prevalence of hypertension in a rural community of central India. Int J Biol Med Res 2011;2(4): 950-3.
18. Rajasekar VD, Krishnagopal L, Mittal A, Singh Z, Purty AJ, Binu VS. Prevalence and risk factors for hypertension in a rural area of Tamil Nadu, South India. Indian J Med Spec 2012;3(1): 12-7. [DOI via Crossref]   
19. Kannan L, Satyamoorthy TS. An epidemiological study of hypertension in a rural household community. Sri Ramachandra J Med 2009;2(2):9-13.
20. Madhukumar S, Gaikwad V, Sudeepa D. An epidemiological study of hypertension and its risk factors in rural population of Bangalore rural district. Al Ameen J Med Sci 2012;5(3):264-70.
21. Yuvraj BY, Gowda NMR, Umakantha AG. Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in rural areas of Davanagere. Indian J Community Med 2010;35(1):138-41. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
22. Kadu AV, Mane SS, Lakde RN, Vedpathak VL, Gaikwad AE, Choudhari SG. Prevalence of hypertension in the rural community of Central Maharashtra, India. Int J Med Public Health 2012;2(2):39-45. [DOI via Crossref]   
23. Deshmukh PR, Gupta SS, Bharambe MS, Maliye S, Kaur S, Garg BS. Prevalence of hypertension, its correlates and levels of awareness in rural Wardha, Central India. World health & population. 2005;1-12.
24. Omuemu VO, Okojie OH, Omuemu CE. Blood pressure pattern and prevalence of hypertension in a rural community in Edo State. J Biomed Sci 2006;5(2):79-86.
25. Raina DJ, Jamwal DS. Prevalence study of overweight/obesity and hypertension among rural adults. JK Sci: J Med Educ Res 2009;11(1):20-3.
26. Lt Col Agrawal VK, Col Bhalwar R, Basannar DR. Prevalence and determinants of hypertension in a rural community. Med J Armed Forces India 2008;64(1):21-5. [DOI via Crossref]   
27. Radhika G, Sathya RM, Sudha V, Ganesan A, Mohan V. Dietary salt intake and hypertension in an urban south Indian population—[CURES-53]. J Assoc Physicians India 2007;55(6): 405-11. [Pubmed]   
28. Agarwal R, Chaturvedi M, Singh S, Gupta SC. An epidemiological study of dietary and exercise habits as correlates of hypertension in persons aged 45 years and above in Agra District. Indian J Community Health 2012;24(2):91-6.

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

T V D Prathyusha, V G Prasad, G S Saiprasad, K Nagaraj. A study of prevalence and certain lifestyle risk factors of essential hypertension in a rural area in Telangana, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1417-1422. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13102015211


Web Style

T V D Prathyusha, V G Prasad, G S Saiprasad, K Nagaraj. A study of prevalence and certain lifestyle risk factors of essential hypertension in a rural area in Telangana, India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=204932 [Access: September 28, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13102015211


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

T V D Prathyusha, V G Prasad, G S Saiprasad, K Nagaraj. A study of prevalence and certain lifestyle risk factors of essential hypertension in a rural area in Telangana, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1417-1422. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13102015211



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

T V D Prathyusha, V G Prasad, G S Saiprasad, K Nagaraj. A study of prevalence and certain lifestyle risk factors of essential hypertension in a rural area in Telangana, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2016), [cited September 28, 2020]; 5(7): 1417-1422. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13102015211



Harvard Style

T V D Prathyusha, V G Prasad, G S Saiprasad, K Nagaraj (2016) A study of prevalence and certain lifestyle risk factors of essential hypertension in a rural area in Telangana, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 5 (7), 1417-1422. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13102015211



Turabian Style

T V D Prathyusha, V G Prasad, G S Saiprasad, K Nagaraj. 2016. A study of prevalence and certain lifestyle risk factors of essential hypertension in a rural area in Telangana, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (7), 1417-1422. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13102015211



Chicago Style

T V D Prathyusha, V G Prasad, G S Saiprasad, K Nagaraj. "A study of prevalence and certain lifestyle risk factors of essential hypertension in a rural area in Telangana, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5 (2016), 1417-1422. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13102015211



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

T V D Prathyusha, V G Prasad, G S Saiprasad, K Nagaraj. "A study of prevalence and certain lifestyle risk factors of essential hypertension in a rural area in Telangana, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5.7 (2016), 1417-1422. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13102015211



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

T V D Prathyusha, V G Prasad, G S Saiprasad, K Nagaraj (2016) A study of prevalence and certain lifestyle risk factors of essential hypertension in a rural area in Telangana, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (7), 1417-1422. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13102015211





Most Viewed Articles
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 34 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 16 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]