E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Attitude and determinants of female smoking among older female subjects in the selected rural areas of Uttarakhand, India

Mahalingam Venkateshan, Ramandeep Kaur Panwar, Priya Chamoli, Priyanka Rawat, Priya Dhiman, Rachit Benson, Rakhi Rawat, Shivani Verma.

Abstract
Background: Smoking is a globally leading risk factor for different types of diseases. Smoking by women is culturally unacceptable in India; still, women smoke tobacco at various times of their life.

Objective: To explore the attitude and determine the factors about smoking among older female subjects in rural areas of northern state of India.

Materials and Methods: Quantitative nonexperimental approach with exploratory descriptive design was used to attain error-free outcomes. Eighty older female subjects aged older than 55 years and living in rural areas were selected by snowball sampling technique from selected rural areas. Semistructured interview was conducted to explore the attitude and determine the factors about smoking among older female subjects in rural areas of northern state of India. A self-developed practice checklist was used during the data collection. Ethical committee permission was obtained from the concern authority, and informed consent was taken from the study participants.

Result: In this study, we found that 20% disagreed for quitting smoking as they felt that is good for health, 80% that it is a self-decision, 19.25% disagreed that family members are also affected by smoking, 22.50% disagreed that smoking causes any serious respiratory problems, 80% strongly agreed that smoking helps to reduce stress and it is an acceptable manner of relaxation, and 46.25% were not aware about the side effects of smoking. Majority of older female subjects started smoking at the age of 20 years along with friends and owing to other associated factors [i.e., habit, enjoyment, gastrointestinal (GI) problems, etc.]. GI and respiratory problems were found as common health problems among these female subjects.

Conclusion: Awareness regarding adverse effects is quite less. So, there is a need of proper intervention to educate them to decrease further health complications and frequency in coming generation.

Key words: Attitude, determinants, older females, rural areas, smoking


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Mahalingam Venkateshan
Articles by Ramandeep Kaur Panwar
Articles by Priya Chamoli
Articles by Priyanka Rawat
Articles by Priya Dhiman
Articles by Rachit Benson
Articles by Rakhi Rawat
Articles by Shivani Verma
on Google
on Google Scholar


REFERENCES
1. Goswami A, Reddaiah VP, Kapoor SK, Singh B, Dwivedi SN, Kumar G. Tobacco and alcohol use in rural elderly Indian population. Indian J Psychiatry 2005;47(4):192-7. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
2. Kathirvel S, Sharma S, Thakur JS. Women and tobacco: a cross sectional study from North India. Indian J Cancer 2014;51(Suppl 1): S78-82. [Pubmed]   
3. Garg A, Singh MM, Seha R. Prevalence and correlates of tobacco smoking, awareness of hazards, and quitting behavior among persons aged 30 years or above in a resettlement colony of Dehli, India. Lung India 2012;29(4):336-40. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
4. Cramm JM, Lee J. Smoking, physical activity and healthy aging in India. BMC Publ Health 2014;14:526. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
5. Ernster V, Kaufman N, Nichter M, Samet J, Yoon SY. Women and tobacco: moving from policy to action. Bull World Health Organ 2000;78(7):891-901. [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
6. Donze J, Ruffieux C, Cornuz J. Determinants of smoking and cessation in older women. Age Ageing 2007; 36(1):53-7. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
7. Bhanji S, Andrades M, Taj F, Khuwaja AK. Factors related to knowledge and perception of women about smoking: a cross sectional study from a developing country. BMC Womens Health 2011;11:16. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
8. Azagba S, Sharaf MF The effect of job stress on smoking and alcohol consumption. Health Econ Rev 2011;1:15. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
9. Ary, Biglan. To assess the knowledge, attitude, practice. Available at: www.rguhs.ac.in
10. Bader P, Boisclair D, Ferrence R. Effect of tobacco taxation and pricing on smoking behavior in high risk populations: a knowledge synthesis. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2011;8(11):4118-39. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
11. Jindal SK, Aggarwal AN, Chaudhry K, Chhabra SK, D¬íSouza GA, Gupta D, et al. Tobacco smoking in India: prevalence, quit-rates and respiratory morbidity. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2006; 48(1):37-42. [Pubmed]   

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mahalingam Venkateshan, Ramandeep Kaur Panwar, Priya Chamoli, Priyanka Rawat, Priya Dhiman, Rachit Benson, Rakhi Rawat, Shivani Verma. Attitude and determinants of female smoking among older female subjects in the selected rural areas of Uttarakhand, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1460-1464. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102015236


Web Style

Mahalingam Venkateshan, Ramandeep Kaur Panwar, Priya Chamoli, Priyanka Rawat, Priya Dhiman, Rachit Benson, Rakhi Rawat, Shivani Verma. Attitude and determinants of female smoking among older female subjects in the selected rural areas of Uttarakhand, India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=206168 [Access: September 28, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102015236


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mahalingam Venkateshan, Ramandeep Kaur Panwar, Priya Chamoli, Priyanka Rawat, Priya Dhiman, Rachit Benson, Rakhi Rawat, Shivani Verma. Attitude and determinants of female smoking among older female subjects in the selected rural areas of Uttarakhand, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1460-1464. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102015236



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mahalingam Venkateshan, Ramandeep Kaur Panwar, Priya Chamoli, Priyanka Rawat, Priya Dhiman, Rachit Benson, Rakhi Rawat, Shivani Verma. Attitude and determinants of female smoking among older female subjects in the selected rural areas of Uttarakhand, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2016), [cited September 28, 2020]; 5(7): 1460-1464. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102015236



Harvard Style

Mahalingam Venkateshan, Ramandeep Kaur Panwar, Priya Chamoli, Priyanka Rawat, Priya Dhiman, Rachit Benson, Rakhi Rawat, Shivani Verma (2016) Attitude and determinants of female smoking among older female subjects in the selected rural areas of Uttarakhand, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 5 (7), 1460-1464. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102015236



Turabian Style

Mahalingam Venkateshan, Ramandeep Kaur Panwar, Priya Chamoli, Priyanka Rawat, Priya Dhiman, Rachit Benson, Rakhi Rawat, Shivani Verma. 2016. Attitude and determinants of female smoking among older female subjects in the selected rural areas of Uttarakhand, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (7), 1460-1464. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102015236



Chicago Style

Mahalingam Venkateshan, Ramandeep Kaur Panwar, Priya Chamoli, Priyanka Rawat, Priya Dhiman, Rachit Benson, Rakhi Rawat, Shivani Verma. "Attitude and determinants of female smoking among older female subjects in the selected rural areas of Uttarakhand, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5 (2016), 1460-1464. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102015236



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mahalingam Venkateshan, Ramandeep Kaur Panwar, Priya Chamoli, Priyanka Rawat, Priya Dhiman, Rachit Benson, Rakhi Rawat, Shivani Verma. "Attitude and determinants of female smoking among older female subjects in the selected rural areas of Uttarakhand, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5.7 (2016), 1460-1464. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102015236



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mahalingam Venkateshan, Ramandeep Kaur Panwar, Priya Chamoli, Priyanka Rawat, Priya Dhiman, Rachit Benson, Rakhi Rawat, Shivani Verma (2016) Attitude and determinants of female smoking among older female subjects in the selected rural areas of Uttarakhand, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (7), 1460-1464. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.26102015236





Most Viewed Articles
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 34 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 16 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]