E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Dermatological manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients at a tertiary care hospital at P.D.U. Medical College and Hospital, Rajkot, Gujarat

Sweta Patel, Bhuvnesh Shah, Neela Bhuptani.

Abstract
Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection produces a panorama of mucocutaneous manifestations, which may be the presenting feature of the disease. Up to 90% individuals with HIV infection experience oral and or cutaneous complications during their illness.

Objectives: Objectives of the study were to study the mucocutaneous manifestations profile of HIV-seropositive patients.

Materials and Methods: A total of 500 HIV-seropositive patients attending skin OPD during November 2012-September 2014, a 2 years study, were assessed for various mucocutaneous manifestations.

Results: Maximum number of patients 374 (74.80%) belonged to the age group (25-49 years) with males being more commonly affected M: F-1.6:1. Low socioeconomic class 477 (95.40%), illiterate 195 (39%), laborer 234 (46.80%), and married 468(93.60%) patients were the most commonly affected ones. Heterosexual 418 (83.60%) mode of transmission was the most common. Monogamic patients were maximum with 417 (83.40%) and 390 (78%) cases had seronegative partners. Among infections and infestation, the most common was dermatophytosis 132 (26.40%) followed by herpes simplex 53 (10.60%), multiple pyoderma in 46 (9.20%) cases, Scabies was seen in 15 (3%) patients with the most common oral lesion being candidiasis (35.71%). Pruritus was associated in 51 (10.20%) patients. CD4 count was more than 200 cells/mm3 in 375 (75.00%) patients. Among total 14 patients with oral mucosal involvement, the most common was oral candidiasis in 5 (35.71%) patients. Of the total 25 patients with cutaneous drug reactions, morbilliform rash was the most common in 11 (44%) patients. Maximum number of cases 4 (44%) had nevirapine as the culprit drug.

Conclusion: Mucocutaneous manifestations of HIV help in early identification of HIV cases. Better implementation of current strategies is needed to increase awareness and safe sexual behavior of the population.

Key words: Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infections; Mucocutaneous Manifestations; Cutaneous Drug Reactions


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Patel S, Shah B, Bhuptani N. Dermatological manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients at a tertiary care hospital at P.D.U. Medical College and Hospital, Rajkot, Gujarat. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(7): 1190-1195. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1169024112015


Web Style

Patel S, Shah B, Bhuptani N. Dermatological manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients at a tertiary care hospital at P.D.U. Medical College and Hospital, Rajkot, Gujarat. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=207676 [Access: April 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1169024112015


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Patel S, Shah B, Bhuptani N. Dermatological manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients at a tertiary care hospital at P.D.U. Medical College and Hospital, Rajkot, Gujarat. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(7): 1190-1195. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1169024112015



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Patel S, Shah B, Bhuptani N. Dermatological manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients at a tertiary care hospital at P.D.U. Medical College and Hospital, Rajkot, Gujarat. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited April 22, 2018]; 6(7): 1190-1195. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1169024112015



Harvard Style

Patel, S., Shah, B. & Bhuptani, N. (2017) Dermatological manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients at a tertiary care hospital at P.D.U. Medical College and Hospital, Rajkot, Gujarat. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (7), 1190-1195. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1169024112015



Turabian Style

Patel, Sweta, Bhuvnesh Shah, and Neela Bhuptani. 2017. Dermatological manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients at a tertiary care hospital at P.D.U. Medical College and Hospital, Rajkot, Gujarat. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (7), 1190-1195. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1169024112015



Chicago Style

Patel, Sweta, Bhuvnesh Shah, and Neela Bhuptani. "Dermatological manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients at a tertiary care hospital at P.D.U. Medical College and Hospital, Rajkot, Gujarat." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1190-1195. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1169024112015



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Patel, Sweta, Bhuvnesh Shah, and Neela Bhuptani. "Dermatological manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients at a tertiary care hospital at P.D.U. Medical College and Hospital, Rajkot, Gujarat." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.7 (2017), 1190-1195. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1169024112015



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Patel, S., Shah, B. & Bhuptani, N. (2017) Dermatological manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients at a tertiary care hospital at P.D.U. Medical College and Hospital, Rajkot, Gujarat. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (7), 1190-1195. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1169024112015





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