E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of water borne diseases and wash practices in rural and urban population of Chennai

Shruthi Dhanasekar, Bhavani Yamasani, Seetharaman Palpandian, Srilekha Ethirajulu, Sowmya Bhaskaran, Suchithra Ramachandran.

Abstract
Background: Poor water and sanitation facilities unequally affect women and girls. More than 30% of marginalized women are violently assaulted every year as the lack of basic sanitation forces them to travel long distances to meet their needs.

Objective: To study the prevalence of waterborne diseases in the rural and urban population.

Materials and Methods: Our study was conducted in both rural and urban population of Chennai district and areas covering the ACS Medical College.

Results: Out of 205 respondents, 42% of population belongs to the upper middle class and 22% belongs to a lower middle class. 90% of the population were nuclear family and 10% were joint family. In our study, 55% of the population were between 46 and 59 years (urban) and 52% were between 21 and 30 years (rural) of age. Informants were mostly adult females (86.4%). Waterborne diseases in household were found to be 12.2% out of which 36% was in urban and 64% in rural population.

Conclusion: Our study initiates the awareness programs related to water treatment, water quality and importance of flush toilets should be carried out in the rural areas to improve the status of public health and minimizes the prevalence of waterborne diseases.

Key words: Diseases; Population; Sanitation; Waterborne


 
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Pubmed Style

Dhanasekar S, Yamasani B, Palpandian S, Ethirajulu S, Bhaskaran S, Ramachandran S. Prevalence of water borne diseases and wash practices in rural and urban population of Chennai. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(12): 1718-1721. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0530204102017


Web Style

Dhanasekar S, Yamasani B, Palpandian S, Ethirajulu S, Bhaskaran S, Ramachandran S. Prevalence of water borne diseases and wash practices in rural and urban population of Chennai. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=230350 [Access: August 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0530204102017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dhanasekar S, Yamasani B, Palpandian S, Ethirajulu S, Bhaskaran S, Ramachandran S. Prevalence of water borne diseases and wash practices in rural and urban population of Chennai. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(12): 1718-1721. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0530204102017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dhanasekar S, Yamasani B, Palpandian S, Ethirajulu S, Bhaskaran S, Ramachandran S. Prevalence of water borne diseases and wash practices in rural and urban population of Chennai. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited August 21, 2018]; 6(12): 1718-1721. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0530204102017



Harvard Style

Dhanasekar, S., Yamasani, B., Palpandian, S., Ethirajulu, S., Bhaskaran, S. & Ramachandran, S. (2017) Prevalence of water borne diseases and wash practices in rural and urban population of Chennai. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (12), 1718-1721. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0530204102017



Turabian Style

Dhanasekar, Shruthi, Bhavani Yamasani, Seetharaman Palpandian, Srilekha Ethirajulu, Sowmya Bhaskaran, and Suchithra Ramachandran. 2017. Prevalence of water borne diseases and wash practices in rural and urban population of Chennai. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (12), 1718-1721. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0530204102017



Chicago Style

Dhanasekar, Shruthi, Bhavani Yamasani, Seetharaman Palpandian, Srilekha Ethirajulu, Sowmya Bhaskaran, and Suchithra Ramachandran. "Prevalence of water borne diseases and wash practices in rural and urban population of Chennai." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1718-1721. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0530204102017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dhanasekar, Shruthi, Bhavani Yamasani, Seetharaman Palpandian, Srilekha Ethirajulu, Sowmya Bhaskaran, and Suchithra Ramachandran. "Prevalence of water borne diseases and wash practices in rural and urban population of Chennai." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.12 (2017), 1718-1721. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0530204102017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dhanasekar, S., Yamasani, B., Palpandian, S., Ethirajulu, S., Bhaskaran, S. & Ramachandran, S. (2017) Prevalence of water borne diseases and wash practices in rural and urban population of Chennai. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (12), 1718-1721. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0530204102017





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