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Original Research Open Access


Identifying and addressing the determinants that affect successful control of diabetes mellitus type II

Abdulaziz Faleh Alfadhly, Sultan Abdullah Almalki.

Abstract
Background: Various life variables are known not essential to the advancement of type 2 diabetes including weight, absence of adequate physical action, terrible eating routine, anxiety, and urbanization. A number of dietary factors such as consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks in excess and the type of fats in the diet also appear to play a role.

Objectives: Estimating the prevalence of successful control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and its determinants at Diabetic Centre, Prince Mansur Military Hospital for Community Medicine, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was adopted. It included adult DM type 2 patients (18-60 years), at (PMFCH), Armed Forces Hospital, Taif region. Successful control of type 2 DM has been defined strictly by achievement of targeted glycemic control glycated hemoglobin (HBA1C) <7. An Arabic self-administered questionnaire was utilized to collect data from patients. It includes demographic data, disease history, and lifestyle (social factors). HBA1C was recorded from the file of the patient. Trained nurse measured the weight (in kg) and height of each patient to calculate body mass index (BMI).

Results: Among 370 diabetic patients, 331 returned completed questionnaire giving a response rate of 89.5%. More than one-quarter of them (27.2%) aged over 60 and 48.4% aged between 40 and 60 years. DM was controlled among only 27.5% of the diabetic patients (HBA1C <7%) while it was uncontrolled among most of them (72.5%). In logistic regression analysis, the duration of DM, diabetes treatment, BMI, family support, and compliance with diabetic diet regimen were all significantly related to glycemic control based on HBA1C value.

Conclusion: The patients with poor glycemic control were high, which is nearly comparable to that reported from many countries. Longer duration of diabetes, and not adherent to diabetes selfcare management behaviors, obesity, combination therapy, and lack of family support were associated with poor glycemic control.

Key words: Diabetes; Mellitus Type II; Prince Mansur Military Hospital; Taif


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alfadhly AF, Almalki SA. Identifying and addressing the determinants that affect successful control of diabetes mellitus type II. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(6): 996-1002. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1163505122016


Web Style

Alfadhly AF, Almalki SA. Identifying and addressing the determinants that affect successful control of diabetes mellitus type II. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=249506 [Access: January 23, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1163505122016


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alfadhly AF, Almalki SA. Identifying and addressing the determinants that affect successful control of diabetes mellitus type II. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(6): 996-1002. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1163505122016



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alfadhly AF, Almalki SA. Identifying and addressing the determinants that affect successful control of diabetes mellitus type II. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited January 23, 2018]; 6(6): 996-1002. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1163505122016



Harvard Style

Alfadhly, A. F. & Almalki, S. A. (2017) Identifying and addressing the determinants that affect successful control of diabetes mellitus type II. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (6), 996-1002. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1163505122016



Turabian Style

Alfadhly, Abdulaziz Faleh, and Sultan Abdullah Almalki. 2017. Identifying and addressing the determinants that affect successful control of diabetes mellitus type II. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 6 (6), 996-1002. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1163505122016



Chicago Style

Alfadhly, Abdulaziz Faleh, and Sultan Abdullah Almalki. "Identifying and addressing the determinants that affect successful control of diabetes mellitus type II." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 996-1002. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1163505122016



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alfadhly, Abdulaziz Faleh, and Sultan Abdullah Almalki. "Identifying and addressing the determinants that affect successful control of diabetes mellitus type II." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.6 (2017), 996-1002. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1163505122016



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alfadhly, A. F. & Almalki, S. A. (2017) Identifying and addressing the determinants that affect successful control of diabetes mellitus type II. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 6 (6), 996-1002. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1163505122016



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Retraction notice [Dec 03, 2016]
Retraction notice [Mar 02, 2015]
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