E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of impaired fasting glucose in an urban population of central India

Shweta Sahai, Pranav Tyagi, Nikhil Shah.

Abstract
Background: According to International Diabetes Federation diabetes Atlas in India, 42.2 million people have prediabetes. Risk of development of diabetes in such people is high.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) in urban areas of Gwalior and to find a relation between IFG and various anthropometric variables.

Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional community-based survey done on 1000 participants in city of Gwalior between June 2014 and October 2015. Fasting capillary blood glucose was determined using a glucometer after 8 h of fasting. Association between IFG and anthropometric parameters, total cholesterol, triglyceride, alcohol intake, and smoking was obtained.

Results: Out of 1000 participants screened, 229 (22.9%) had IFG; hence, prevalence was 22.9%. Mean age, body mass index (BMI), waist–to-hip ratio (WHR), and fasting blood glucose (FBG) of participants with IFG were 37.85 ± 3.23 years, 25.29 ± 2.60 kg/m2, 0.943 ± 0.05, and 108.83 ± 5.00 mg/dl, respectively. IFG was mostly observed in male population (69.86%), with non-vegetarian diet (68.56%) and population who had a family history of diabetes mellitus (74.67%). Out of 229 participants with IFG, 162 (70.74%) had BMI >23 kg/m2, 203 (88.64%) had raised WHR, 142 (62%) had raised total cholesterol level, 97 (42.35%) were alcoholic, and 126 (55.02%) were smokers. There was a significant difference in mean BMI (P = 0.001), WHR (P = 0.023), and FBG (P = 0.0001) in IFG population as compared to euglycemic population. In conclusion, the present study has shown that the prevalence of IFG was 22.9% with males showing a higher prevalence.

Conclusion: Participants with raised BMI, WHR, and non-vegetarian diet had higher incidence of IFG. Participants having IFG had raised total cholesterol and significantly raised triglyceride levels. No significant association was found between IFG and smoking/alcohol.

Key words: Impaired Fasting Glucose; Prevalence; Diabetes Mellitus; Body Mass Index; Euglycaemia


 
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Pubmed Style

Shweta Sahai, Pranav Tyagi, Nikhil Shah. Prevalence of impaired fasting glucose in an urban population of central India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(5): 863-866. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267215122016


Web Style

Shweta Sahai, Pranav Tyagi, Nikhil Shah. Prevalence of impaired fasting glucose in an urban population of central India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=251119 [Access: December 10, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267215122016


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shweta Sahai, Pranav Tyagi, Nikhil Shah. Prevalence of impaired fasting glucose in an urban population of central India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(5): 863-866. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267215122016



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shweta Sahai, Pranav Tyagi, Nikhil Shah. Prevalence of impaired fasting glucose in an urban population of central India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited December 10, 2018]; 6(5): 863-866. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267215122016



Harvard Style

Shweta Sahai, Pranav Tyagi, Nikhil Shah (2017) Prevalence of impaired fasting glucose in an urban population of central India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (5), 863-866. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267215122016



Turabian Style

Shweta Sahai, Pranav Tyagi, Nikhil Shah. 2017. Prevalence of impaired fasting glucose in an urban population of central India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (5), 863-866. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267215122016



Chicago Style

Shweta Sahai, Pranav Tyagi, Nikhil Shah. "Prevalence of impaired fasting glucose in an urban population of central India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 863-866. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267215122016



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shweta Sahai, Pranav Tyagi, Nikhil Shah. "Prevalence of impaired fasting glucose in an urban population of central India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.5 (2017), 863-866. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267215122016



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shweta Sahai, Pranav Tyagi, Nikhil Shah (2017) Prevalence of impaired fasting glucose in an urban population of central India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (5), 863-866. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1267215122016





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