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Screening for risk of diabetes among adult population of Raipur city using Indian diabetic risk score

Prem Sagar Panda, Kamlesh Jain, Gopal Prasad Soni, Shubhra Agrawal Gupta, Aditi Chandrakar, Somen Kumar Pradhan.

Abstract
Background: India is diabetic capital of the world, with maximum number of diabetic patients. There is large burden of undetected diabetic cases in community. There is increasing risk of diabetes in urban population, because of illiteracy, lack of awareness, low socioeconomic status, and unhealthy lifestyle. The Madras Diabetes Research Foundation (MDRF) has developed Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS)to detect undiagnosed Type 2 diabetes.

Objective: To find out the level of risk for diabetes in adult population of Raipur city using IDRS tool developed by MDRF.

Materials and Methods: A crosssectional, community-based study was conducted among 640 adult population in Raipur city. Sociodemographic information was collected using pretested and predesigned questionnaire. IDRS tool comprising two modifiable (waist circumference, physical activity) and two non-modifiable risk factors (age, family history) for diabetes was used to assess the risk of diabetes was obtained. After collection of data, it was analyzed using descriptive statistics, frequencies with the help of suitable statistical software.

Results: Response rate was 100%. Mean age of the study subjects was 37.82 10.68 years, body mass index 23.34 3.81 kg/m2, waist circumference 85.66 11.15 cm. As per IDRS scoring study population were classified to be low, medium, and high risk for developing Type 2 diabetes were 34.69%, 47.34%, and 17.97%, respectively. The mean IDRS score is 34.5.

Conclusion: IDRS can be used as an effective tool for screening undiagnosed diabetes in the community. More than 50% subjects are at high and medium risk for diabetes among the study population.

Key words: Indian Diabetic Risk Score; Adult Population; Diabetes


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Panda PS, Jain K, Soni GP, Gupta SA, Chandrakar A, Pradhan SK. Screening for risk of diabetes among adult population of Raipur city using Indian diabetic risk score. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(6): 1038-1041. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1269314022017



Web Style

Panda PS, Jain K, Soni GP, Gupta SA, Chandrakar A, Pradhan SK. Screening for risk of diabetes among adult population of Raipur city using Indian diabetic risk score. www.scopemed.org/?mno=253635 [Access: June 23, 2017]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1269314022017



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Panda PS, Jain K, Soni GP, Gupta SA, Chandrakar A, Pradhan SK. Screening for risk of diabetes among adult population of Raipur city using Indian diabetic risk score. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(6): 1038-1041. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1269314022017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Panda PS, Jain K, Soni GP, Gupta SA, Chandrakar A, Pradhan SK. Screening for risk of diabetes among adult population of Raipur city using Indian diabetic risk score. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited June 23, 2017]; 6(6): 1038-1041. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1269314022017



Harvard Style

Panda, P. S., Jain, K., Soni, G. P., Gupta, S. A., Chandrakar, A. & Pradhan, S. K. (2017) Screening for risk of diabetes among adult population of Raipur city using Indian diabetic risk score. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (6), 1038-1041. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1269314022017



Turabian Style

Panda, Prem Sagar, Kamlesh Jain, Gopal Prasad Soni, Shubhra Agrawal Gupta, Aditi Chandrakar, and Somen Kumar Pradhan. 2017. Screening for risk of diabetes among adult population of Raipur city using Indian diabetic risk score. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (6), 1038-1041. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1269314022017



Chicago Style

Panda, Prem Sagar, Kamlesh Jain, Gopal Prasad Soni, Shubhra Agrawal Gupta, Aditi Chandrakar, and Somen Kumar Pradhan. "Screening for risk of diabetes among adult population of Raipur city using Indian diabetic risk score." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1038-1041. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1269314022017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Panda, Prem Sagar, Kamlesh Jain, Gopal Prasad Soni, Shubhra Agrawal Gupta, Aditi Chandrakar, and Somen Kumar Pradhan. "Screening for risk of diabetes among adult population of Raipur city using Indian diabetic risk score." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.6 (2017), 1038-1041. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1269314022017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Panda, P. S., Jain, K., Soni, G. P., Gupta, S. A., Chandrakar, A. & Pradhan, S. K. (2017) Screening for risk of diabetes among adult population of Raipur city using Indian diabetic risk score. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (6), 1038-1041. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1269314022017



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