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International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health

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Original Research Open Access


Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among Saudi females

Amal Alessa, Dalal Aleid, Sara Almutairi, Razan AlGhamdi, Noura Huaidi, Ebrahim Almansour.

Abstract
Background: Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) symptoms and complications is essential for early treatment and to prevent further serious complications of it.

Objectives: To assess the level of knowledge of PCOS, clinical presentation, risk factors and complications among Saudi female’s population, to identify factors that influenced the awareness, and to improve health care and lower the treatment cost.

Materials and Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Saudi Arabia, in 2016, about PCOS awareness, using paper and soft copy questionnaire. A 40 items research questionnaire specifically targeted to a woman of reproductive age (aged 18-50), a pilot study was carried before the large scale one. The questionnaire included personal data, awareness and method of knowledge of PCOS, clinical presentation, risks, and complications. Data were analyzed statistically using SPSS software.

Results: Total number of participants was 2000. Majority of the studied population 96.4% were from urban back ground. 86.4%, 72.9%, and 84% were from the central region of KSA, University graduates, and Non-health colleges graduates, respectively. 41% and 49.6% were single and married. The level of awareness of PCOS in this study was 56.7%. Among them 15.3% were PCOS patient, 21.3% have known about PCOS via internet, then patient, doctors, and books, respectively. Among aware females, the majority were aware of symptoms pertaining to endocrine disorders, contraception intake, and a healthy diet. In contrast, most of them were unaware of the relationship between it and occurrence of chronic diseases, early puberty, heart diseases, and inheritance. The level of awareness of PCOS was significantly related to higher educational levels (P = 0.000), and women with health college qualifications (P = 0.000). Area of residence, marital status, and diabetes mellitus had no major impact.

Conclusion: There is a high level of awareness of PCOS among Saudi women. The internet was the prevalent source. Educational level and to graduates of health colleges scored higher. Awareness of symptoms was higher than of complications.

Key words: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome; Women Health; Gynecology


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alessa A, Aleid D, Almutairi S, AlGhamdi R, Huaidi N, Almansour E. Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among Saudi females. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(6): 1013-1019. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0202507022017



Web Style

Alessa A, Aleid D, Almutairi S, AlGhamdi R, Huaidi N, Almansour E. Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among Saudi females. www.scopemed.org/?mno=257916 [Access: June 23, 2017]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0202507022017



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alessa A, Aleid D, Almutairi S, AlGhamdi R, Huaidi N, Almansour E. Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among Saudi females. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(6): 1013-1019. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0202507022017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alessa A, Aleid D, Almutairi S, AlGhamdi R, Huaidi N, Almansour E. Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among Saudi females. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited June 23, 2017]; 6(6): 1013-1019. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0202507022017



Harvard Style

Alessa, A., Aleid, D., Almutairi, S., AlGhamdi, R., Huaidi, N. & Almansour, E. (2017) Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among Saudi females. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (6), 1013-1019. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0202507022017



Turabian Style

Alessa, Amal, Dalal Aleid, Sara Almutairi, Razan AlGhamdi, Noura Huaidi, and Ebrahim Almansour. 2017. Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among Saudi females. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (6), 1013-1019. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0202507022017



Chicago Style

Alessa, Amal, Dalal Aleid, Sara Almutairi, Razan AlGhamdi, Noura Huaidi, and Ebrahim Almansour. "Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among Saudi females." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1013-1019. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0202507022017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alessa, Amal, Dalal Aleid, Sara Almutairi, Razan AlGhamdi, Noura Huaidi, and Ebrahim Almansour. "Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among Saudi females." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.6 (2017), 1013-1019. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0202507022017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alessa, A., Aleid, D., Almutairi, S., AlGhamdi, R., Huaidi, N. & Almansour, E. (2017) Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among Saudi females. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (6), 1013-1019. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0202507022017



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