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Knowledge and practices regarding breastfeeding: A community-based cross-sectional study in a rural area of Northwest India

Aruna K Verma, Rashmi Kumari, Shahid Hussain, Bhavna Langer, Rajiv K Gupta, Parveen Singh.

Abstract
Background: Breastfeeding (BF) practices remain the cornerstone to reduce infant and child morbidity and mortality.

Objective: This study was conducted to assess the knowledge and practices regarding BF among mothers of under-five children in a rural area of Jammu.

Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among the mothers of under-five children residing in the rural area to determine their knowledge and practices level related to BF. A pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire was used as a tool to collect the information.

Results: Out of a total of 204 subjects interviewed, 76% were in 20-30 years age group. Knowledge regarding the exclusive BF was complete in 66.66% of mothers. 87.74% of the subjects knew that colostrum should be given to the newborns. Only 32.34% of them had a knowledge of exact age at which supplementary food to be initiated. Regarding practices, 44.11% of mothers had given colostrum to their newborns, 36.27% had not given any pre-lacteal feeds, 47.05% initiated BF within 1 h of delivery, and 50% gave supplementary feed at 6 months. Exclusive BF was practiced by 16.66%, 18.13%, and 13.72% of mothers for 2, 4, and 6 months, respectively.

Conclusions: Efforts need to be made to aware the women of benefits of BF, and there is a need for BF intervention programs selectively targeted at ante- and postnatal mothers so as to plug the gaps between knowledge and practices level.

Key words: Breastfeeding Practices; Exclusive Breastfeeding; Rural Area


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Verma AK, Kumari R, Hussain S, Langer B, Gupta RK, Singh P. Knowledge and practices regarding breastfeeding: A community-based cross-sectional study in a rural area of Northwest India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(6): 1056-1060. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0203415022017


Web Style

Verma AK, Kumari R, Hussain S, Langer B, Gupta RK, Singh P. Knowledge and practices regarding breastfeeding: A community-based cross-sectional study in a rural area of Northwest India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=258335 [Access: December 18, 2017]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0203415022017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Verma AK, Kumari R, Hussain S, Langer B, Gupta RK, Singh P. Knowledge and practices regarding breastfeeding: A community-based cross-sectional study in a rural area of Northwest India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(6): 1056-1060. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0203415022017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Verma AK, Kumari R, Hussain S, Langer B, Gupta RK, Singh P. Knowledge and practices regarding breastfeeding: A community-based cross-sectional study in a rural area of Northwest India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited December 18, 2017]; 6(6): 1056-1060. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0203415022017



Harvard Style

Verma, A. K., Kumari, R., Hussain, S., Langer, B., Gupta, R. K. & Singh, P. (2017) Knowledge and practices regarding breastfeeding: A community-based cross-sectional study in a rural area of Northwest India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (6), 1056-1060. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0203415022017



Turabian Style

Verma, Aruna K, Rashmi Kumari, Shahid Hussain, Bhavna Langer, Rajiv K Gupta, and Parveen Singh. 2017. Knowledge and practices regarding breastfeeding: A community-based cross-sectional study in a rural area of Northwest India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 6 (6), 1056-1060. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0203415022017



Chicago Style

Verma, Aruna K, Rashmi Kumari, Shahid Hussain, Bhavna Langer, Rajiv K Gupta, and Parveen Singh. "Knowledge and practices regarding breastfeeding: A community-based cross-sectional study in a rural area of Northwest India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1056-1060. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0203415022017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Verma, Aruna K, Rashmi Kumari, Shahid Hussain, Bhavna Langer, Rajiv K Gupta, and Parveen Singh. "Knowledge and practices regarding breastfeeding: A community-based cross-sectional study in a rural area of Northwest India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.6 (2017), 1056-1060. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0203415022017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Verma, A. K., Kumari, R., Hussain, S., Langer, B., Gupta, R. K. & Singh, P. (2017) Knowledge and practices regarding breastfeeding: A community-based cross-sectional study in a rural area of Northwest India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 6 (6), 1056-1060. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0203415022017



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