E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Tobacco and alcohol use in elderly population of rural India

Parveen Singh, Rajiv Kumar Gupta, Tajali Nazir Shora, Rayaz Jan.

Abstract
Background: Tobacco and alcohol are among the most widely abused psychoactive substances among elderly population, especially in rural areas. Fewer research in this domain leads to the conduction of this study.

Objectives: The present study was conducted in rural geriatrics to know the prevalence of smoking and alcohol and to find their association with various sociodemographic factors.

Materials and Methods: Eight villages of RS Pura block were selected using multistage random sampling technique. Men and women aged 60 years and above were interviewed using predesigned questionnaire which included questions on sociodemographic, smoking, and alcohol consumption status.

Results: Nearly 518 persons were interviewed of whom 53.5% were females. 33.20% were smokers and 11.39% were ex-smokers with high prevalence in males 54.35%. 7.47% of the men and 6.86% were current tobacco chewers. 19.30% respondents were current alcoholics, whereas 4.25% were ex-alcoholics. 38.59% males and only 2.53% females were alcoholic. There was a progressive decline in a number of smokers with advancing age. Majority of men were moderate-to-light smokers (42.75% and 37.40%, respectively) and only 19.85% were heavy smokers.

Conclusion: More knowledge needs to be acquired about factors that have a bearing on cessation. Medical and family support to those willing to quit will play a pivotal role.

Key words: Tobacco; Alcohol; Elderly


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Singh P, Gupta RK, Shora TN, Jan R. Tobacco and alcohol use in elderly population of rural India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(6): 1072-1076. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204423022017


Web Style

Singh P, Gupta RK, Shora TN, Jan R. Tobacco and alcohol use in elderly population of rural India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=259062 [Access: June 23, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204423022017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Singh P, Gupta RK, Shora TN, Jan R. Tobacco and alcohol use in elderly population of rural India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(6): 1072-1076. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204423022017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Singh P, Gupta RK, Shora TN, Jan R. Tobacco and alcohol use in elderly population of rural India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited June 23, 2018]; 6(6): 1072-1076. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204423022017



Harvard Style

Singh, P., Gupta, R. K., Shora, T. N. & Jan, R. (2017) Tobacco and alcohol use in elderly population of rural India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (6), 1072-1076. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204423022017



Turabian Style

Singh, Parveen, Rajiv Kumar Gupta, Tajali Nazir Shora, and Rayaz Jan. 2017. Tobacco and alcohol use in elderly population of rural India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (6), 1072-1076. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204423022017



Chicago Style

Singh, Parveen, Rajiv Kumar Gupta, Tajali Nazir Shora, and Rayaz Jan. "Tobacco and alcohol use in elderly population of rural India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1072-1076. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204423022017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Singh, Parveen, Rajiv Kumar Gupta, Tajali Nazir Shora, and Rayaz Jan. "Tobacco and alcohol use in elderly population of rural India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.6 (2017), 1072-1076. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204423022017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Singh, P., Gupta, R. K., Shora, T. N. & Jan, R. (2017) Tobacco and alcohol use in elderly population of rural India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (6), 1072-1076. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204423022017





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