E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Body fat percentage of school age children (10-15 years) using the bioelectric impedance analysis technique in a rural area of Bengaluru, South India

Madhusudan M, Ramesh N R Masthi, Yannick P Puthussery, Sanjay TV, Arun Gopi.

Abstract
Background: The prevalence of pediatric obesity is increasing rapidly, worldwide and emerging as a major risk factor for several chronic diseases. Body mass index (BMI) does not distinguish between increased mass in the form of fat, lean tissue or bone. Since the pathology and morbidity associated with obesity is driven by excess fat mass, the ideal monitoring tool should directly assess adiposity. Assessment of body fat percentage (BFP) is one of the methods to assess adiposity.

Objectives: To assess the BFP of school age children and to compare the same across different ages and sexes.

Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in the rural field practice area of a medical college in Bengaluru from June 2013 to November 2014. All schools in the rural field practice area of the medical college were included and children in the age group of 10-15 years were the study subjects. BFP of children was assessed by bioelectric impedance analysis technique.

Results: 48.4% had normal BFP, 32.1% low, 13.6% slightly high and 5.9% very high BFP. Mean BFP among males and females were 17.13 and 19.32, respectively. There was a strong positive correlation between BMI and BFP (r = +0.822).

Conclusions: Majority of the children fell into normal BFP category, females had a higher mean BFP when compared to males, and there was a strong positive correlation between BMI and BFP. BFP assessment may be used as a screening tool to detect the obese/overweight children and also children who are at risk for the same.

Key words: School Age Children; Body Fat Percentage; Bioelectric Impedance Analysis, Bengaluru


 
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Pubmed Style

M M, Masthi RNR, Puthussery YP, TV S, Gopi A. Body fat percentage of school age children (10-15 years) using the bioelectric impedance analysis technique in a rural area of Bengaluru, South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(6): 1077-1080. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204722022017


Web Style

M M, Masthi RNR, Puthussery YP, TV S, Gopi A. Body fat percentage of school age children (10-15 years) using the bioelectric impedance analysis technique in a rural area of Bengaluru, South India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=259126 [Access: May 25, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204722022017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

M M, Masthi RNR, Puthussery YP, TV S, Gopi A. Body fat percentage of school age children (10-15 years) using the bioelectric impedance analysis technique in a rural area of Bengaluru, South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(6): 1077-1080. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204722022017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

M M, Masthi RNR, Puthussery YP, TV S, Gopi A. Body fat percentage of school age children (10-15 years) using the bioelectric impedance analysis technique in a rural area of Bengaluru, South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited May 25, 2018]; 6(6): 1077-1080. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204722022017



Harvard Style

M, M., Masthi, R. N. R., Puthussery, Y. P., TV, S. & Gopi, A. (2017) Body fat percentage of school age children (10-15 years) using the bioelectric impedance analysis technique in a rural area of Bengaluru, South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (6), 1077-1080. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204722022017



Turabian Style

M, Madhusudan, Ramesh N R Masthi, Yannick P Puthussery, Sanjay TV, and Arun Gopi. 2017. Body fat percentage of school age children (10-15 years) using the bioelectric impedance analysis technique in a rural area of Bengaluru, South India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (6), 1077-1080. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204722022017



Chicago Style

M, Madhusudan, Ramesh N R Masthi, Yannick P Puthussery, Sanjay TV, and Arun Gopi. "Body fat percentage of school age children (10-15 years) using the bioelectric impedance analysis technique in a rural area of Bengaluru, South India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1077-1080. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204722022017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

M, Madhusudan, Ramesh N R Masthi, Yannick P Puthussery, Sanjay TV, and Arun Gopi. "Body fat percentage of school age children (10-15 years) using the bioelectric impedance analysis technique in a rural area of Bengaluru, South India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.6 (2017), 1077-1080. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204722022017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

M, M., Masthi, R. N. R., Puthussery, Y. P., TV, S. & Gopi, A. (2017) Body fat percentage of school age children (10-15 years) using the bioelectric impedance analysis technique in a rural area of Bengaluru, South India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (6), 1077-1080. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0204722022017





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