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International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health

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Original Research Open Access


Menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent schoolgirls of rural Mangalore, Karnataka

Sandhya Rani Javalkar, Akshaya K M.

Abstract
Background: Adolescence represents one of the critical transitions in life and is characterized by a tremendous pace in growth and changes. Despite the fact that menstruation is a healthy biological process, the issue of menstruation is approached with hesitance and wrong information because of deep-rooted cultural taboos.

Objectives: (1) The objective of this study was to assess the status of menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls, (2) to elicit the rituals and restrictions during menstruation, and (3) to study the common problems related to menstruation.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among schoolgoing adolescent girl students in rural Mangalore, 116 girls participated in the study. Data were collected by interview method using a predesigned semi-structured questionnaire to obtain information on menstrual hygiene practices, restrictions and common problems during menstruation.

Results: Only 68.1% of the study participants perceived menstruation as a normal body process and 55.2% of girls had knowledge about the importance of menstrual hygiene. More than half of the participants believed that sanitary pads are ideal to be used during menstruation, but only 30.2% of them used only sanitary pads. Majority of them (55.2%) reported that they have restrictions during menstruation. Pain abdomen (64.7%) was a common problem during menstruation, others being head ache, back ache, weakness, and feeling sad.

Conclusion: The need of the hour is adolescent girls to have accurate and adequate information about menstruation and menstrual hygiene.

Key words: Adolescent Girls; Menstruation; Menstrual Hygiene


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Javalkar SR, M AK. Menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent schoolgirls of rural Mangalore, Karnataka. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(7): 1145-1149. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0306703042017



Web Style

Javalkar SR, M AK. Menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent schoolgirls of rural Mangalore, Karnataka. www.scopemed.org/?mno=261513 [Access: October 24, 2017]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0306703042017



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Javalkar SR, M AK. Menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent schoolgirls of rural Mangalore, Karnataka. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(7): 1145-1149. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0306703042017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Javalkar SR, M AK. Menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent schoolgirls of rural Mangalore, Karnataka. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited October 24, 2017]; 6(7): 1145-1149. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0306703042017



Harvard Style

Javalkar, S. R. & M, A. K. (2017) Menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent schoolgirls of rural Mangalore, Karnataka. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (7), 1145-1149. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0306703042017



Turabian Style

Javalkar, Sandhya Rani, and Akshaya K M. 2017. Menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent schoolgirls of rural Mangalore, Karnataka. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 6 (7), 1145-1149. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0306703042017



Chicago Style

Javalkar, Sandhya Rani, and Akshaya K M. "Menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent schoolgirls of rural Mangalore, Karnataka." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1145-1149. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0306703042017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Javalkar, Sandhya Rani, and Akshaya K M. "Menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent schoolgirls of rural Mangalore, Karnataka." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.7 (2017), 1145-1149. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0306703042017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Javalkar, S. R. & M, A. K. (2017) Menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent schoolgirls of rural Mangalore, Karnataka. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 6 (7), 1145-1149. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0306703042017



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Retraction notice [Dec 03, 2016]
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