E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Knowledge and attitude among late adolescents (16-19 years old) toward human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome in Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia

Ahmed Taher Bokhamseen, Fahd Muhammad Alotabi, Saleh Abdulrahman Alajlan, Maan Ahmed Alsaaid, Talal Yousef Alwahhabi, Saeed Khalil Bin Jabal, Bader Tharwi Alshammari, Randah Fahad Alsallum, Nouf Muhammad Musa.

Abstract
Background: Inadequate knowledge, negative attitude, and risky practices are major hindrances to preventing the spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Objective: This study aimed to assess knowledge and attitude among late adolescents (boys and girls) 16-19 years old toward HIV/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study on unmarried adolescents (boys and girls) 16-19 years old toward HIV/AIDS was conducted in 2014 to evaluate their knowledge and attitude. Data were collected by self-filled questionnaire. We selected 400 adolescents (divided into 200 boys and 200 girls) through random sampling from different shopping malls in one province of Al-Khobar Saudi Arabia.

Results: The majority of adolescents (39.2%) have heard about HIV through the media, but 11% answered that they never heard about it. Constituting a small percentage of male and female participants did first heard about HIV in the school. The majority of respondents think that 1/100 of people in their area is infected with HIV. Most of the participants know that HIV is a virus but 13.0% do not know. Nearly half of the adolescents do not know that “the immune system is the main system that gets the infection by HIV.” More than 60% of the adolescents do not like to test themselves for HIV if they are at high risk, and would avoid any contact with an HIV infected patient.

Conclusions: We found lack of knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS, its transmission and means of preventing it among adolescents. Negative attitudes to HIV/AIDS and risky practices were also present. Educational programs with specific interventions are recommended to increase knowledge and attitude practices and to prevent new HIV infections among adolescents in Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia.

Key words: Knowledge; Attitude; Late Adolescents; Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome; Saudi Arabia


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Ahmed Taher Bokhamseen
Articles by Fahd Muhammad Alotabi
Articles by Saleh Abdulrahman Alajlan
Articles by Maan Ahmed Alsaaid
Articles by Talal Yousef Alwahhabi
Articles by Saeed Khalil Bin Jabal
Articles by Bader Tharwi Alshammari
Articles by Randah Fahad Alsallum
Articles by Nouf Muhammad Musa
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 632
Downloaded: 138
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bokhamseen AT, Alotabi FM, Alajlan SA, Alsaaid MA, Alwahhabi TY, Jabal SKB, Alshammari BT, Alsallum RF, Musa NM. Knowledge and attitude among late adolescents (16-19 years old) toward human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome in Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(7): 1204-1208. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0408907052017


Web Style

Bokhamseen AT, Alotabi FM, Alajlan SA, Alsaaid MA, Alwahhabi TY, Jabal SKB, Alshammari BT, Alsallum RF, Musa NM. Knowledge and attitude among late adolescents (16-19 years old) toward human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome in Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=263469 [Access: April 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0408907052017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bokhamseen AT, Alotabi FM, Alajlan SA, Alsaaid MA, Alwahhabi TY, Jabal SKB, Alshammari BT, Alsallum RF, Musa NM. Knowledge and attitude among late adolescents (16-19 years old) toward human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome in Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(7): 1204-1208. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0408907052017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bokhamseen AT, Alotabi FM, Alajlan SA, Alsaaid MA, Alwahhabi TY, Jabal SKB, Alshammari BT, Alsallum RF, Musa NM. Knowledge and attitude among late adolescents (16-19 years old) toward human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome in Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited April 22, 2018]; 6(7): 1204-1208. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0408907052017



Harvard Style

Bokhamseen, A. T., Alotabi, F. M., Alajlan, S. A., Alsaaid, M. A., Alwahhabi, T. Y., Jabal, S. K. B., Alshammari, B. T., Alsallum, R. F. & Musa, N. M. (2017) Knowledge and attitude among late adolescents (16-19 years old) toward human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome in Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (7), 1204-1208. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0408907052017



Turabian Style

Bokhamseen, Ahmed Taher, Fahd Muhammad Alotabi, Saleh Abdulrahman Alajlan, Maan Ahmed Alsaaid, Talal Yousef Alwahhabi, Saeed Khalil Bin Jabal, Bader Tharwi Alshammari, Randah Fahad Alsallum, and Nouf Muhammad Musa. 2017. Knowledge and attitude among late adolescents (16-19 years old) toward human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome in Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (7), 1204-1208. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0408907052017



Chicago Style

Bokhamseen, Ahmed Taher, Fahd Muhammad Alotabi, Saleh Abdulrahman Alajlan, Maan Ahmed Alsaaid, Talal Yousef Alwahhabi, Saeed Khalil Bin Jabal, Bader Tharwi Alshammari, Randah Fahad Alsallum, and Nouf Muhammad Musa. "Knowledge and attitude among late adolescents (16-19 years old) toward human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome in Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1204-1208. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0408907052017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bokhamseen, Ahmed Taher, Fahd Muhammad Alotabi, Saleh Abdulrahman Alajlan, Maan Ahmed Alsaaid, Talal Yousef Alwahhabi, Saeed Khalil Bin Jabal, Bader Tharwi Alshammari, Randah Fahad Alsallum, and Nouf Muhammad Musa. "Knowledge and attitude among late adolescents (16-19 years old) toward human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome in Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.7 (2017), 1204-1208. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0408907052017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bokhamseen, A. T., Alotabi, F. M., Alajlan, S. A., Alsaaid, M. A., Alwahhabi, T. Y., Jabal, S. K. B., Alshammari, B. T., Alsallum, R. F. & Musa, N. M. (2017) Knowledge and attitude among late adolescents (16-19 years old) toward human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome in Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (7), 1204-1208. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0408907052017





Most Viewed Articles
  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Gunthers with haemolytic anaemia extremly rare: A case report
    Nilesh Kumar, Ankur Varshney, Arvind Anand, Dibyaranjan Behera, Ravi Anand, Ashutosh Tiwari
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 472-474
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.313-315

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Recent update on osteoporosis
    Vijender Agrawal, Dharmendra Gupta
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 164-168
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.162-166

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Study of psychological stress among undergraduate medical students of government medical college, Surat.
    Priti Solanky, Binita Desai, Abhay Kavishwar, S. L. Kantharia
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 38-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.38-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 21 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 13 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Clinico-microbiological profile of women with vaginal discharge in a tertiary care hospital of northern India
    Varsha Chaudhary, Ved Prakesh, Kian Agarwal, Vijender Kumar Agrawal, Arun Singh, Sachin Pandey
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 75-80
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.75-80
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Correlation between obesity and cardio respiratory fitness
    Prabha Setty, BV Padmanabha, BR Doddamani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 300-304
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.298-302
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and clinical characteristics of autism spectrum disorders in school-age children in Taif- KSA
    Ali H.S Al-Zahrani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 578-582
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.160420133
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Electrocardiographic changes during acute mental stress
    Arpana Bhide, Rajasekhar Durgaprasad, Latheef Kasala, Vanajakshamma Velam, Narendra Hulikal
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(5): 835-838
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015137
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Importance of cardiac marker enzymes (Aspartate transaminase and troponin I) in acute myocardial infarction: A case-control study from South India
    Vuddandi Prabodh, Deva Prakash, Godi Sudhakar, Yeruva Reddy, Nadella Chowdary, Sripada Desai, Ravi Shekhara
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 118-120
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.118-120
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Role of HRCT temporal bone in pre operative evaluation of choesteatoma
    Chintan Shah, Pinal Shah, Satish Shah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(1): 69-72
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.031020131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]