E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


A cross-sectional study on risk factors for Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Davangere

Vanitha S S, Sandhya Rani Javalkar.

Abstract
Background: Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use insulin and it is characterized by a state of chronic hyperglycemia, resulting from various etiologies-environmental and genetic, acting jointly. To reduce the growing burden of diabetics, it is important not only to address the diseases but also their key underlying risk factors.

Objective: To study the various risk factors and correlate them to Type 2 diabetes mellitus in a rural population of Davanagere.

Materials and Methods: A hospital-based crosssectional study was carried out in a rural area, Davanagere. A pre-designed pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were entered into MS excel and analyzed using SPSS 16.0 software. Descriptive statistics was used to assess the frequency distribution. Chi-square test was used.

Results: Of 315 study participants, 230 (73%) were male and 85 (27%) were female, 289 (74%) were literate, 52 (16.5%) were had positive family history of diabetes, and 81 (25.7%) had a habit of tobacco or alcohol or both. As per body mass index (BMI) for Asian population, in the present study, 30 (9.5%) were obese, according to waist circumference for the Indian population, 148 (47%) had abdominal obesity, 26 (8.3%) study participants had random blood sugar ≥200.

Conclusions: Waist circumference measurement is a simple and effective indicator of abdominal obesity; it measures abdominal obesity in those individuals which are healthy according to BMI.

Key words: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; Random Blood Sugar; Body Mass Index; Rural Population


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

S VS, Javalkar SR. A cross-sectional study on risk factors for Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Davangere. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(7): 1163-1167. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0409212042017


Web Style

S VS, Javalkar SR. A cross-sectional study on risk factors for Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Davangere. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=263739 [Access: June 23, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0409212042017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

S VS, Javalkar SR. A cross-sectional study on risk factors for Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Davangere. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(7): 1163-1167. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0409212042017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

S VS, Javalkar SR. A cross-sectional study on risk factors for Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Davangere. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited June 23, 2018]; 6(7): 1163-1167. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0409212042017



Harvard Style

S, V. S. & Javalkar, S. R. (2017) A cross-sectional study on risk factors for Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Davangere. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (7), 1163-1167. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0409212042017



Turabian Style

S, Vanitha S, and Sandhya Rani Javalkar. 2017. A cross-sectional study on risk factors for Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Davangere. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (7), 1163-1167. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0409212042017



Chicago Style

S, Vanitha S, and Sandhya Rani Javalkar. "A cross-sectional study on risk factors for Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Davangere." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1163-1167. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0409212042017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

S, Vanitha S, and Sandhya Rani Javalkar. "A cross-sectional study on risk factors for Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Davangere." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.7 (2017), 1163-1167. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0409212042017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

S, V. S. & Javalkar, S. R. (2017) A cross-sectional study on risk factors for Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Davangere. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (7), 1163-1167. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0409212042017





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