E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Knowledge of male secondary school students regarding prevention of acute respiratory infections in Abha City, KSA

Majed Mohommed Ali Al Saleh.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Background: The most common infections among humans are the acute infections of the respiratory tract (ARTIs). The importance of ARIs in Saudi Arabia is relatively higher than anywhere else due to the annual Hajj pilgrimage season. There is a paucity of evidence in the literature about actual intervention strategies to improve respiratory infection control practices. Nevertheless, prevention has assumed a paramount importance in the fight against ARIs.

Aims & Objective: To assess the knowledge of male secondary school students regarding prevention of ARIs and its determinants.

Material and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study included male secondary school students studying at two randomly selected general governmental secondary schools in Abha City. Based on thorough literature review, the researcher has designed a self-administered Arabic questionnaire. It included the following: Personal characteristic of student as well as knowledge of students about prevention of ARIs including Measures to prevent respiratory infections, vaccination, importance of avoidance of sources of infection and early symptoms characterizing respiratory infections.

Results: The study included 1030 male secondary school students. Their age ranged between 15 and 22 years with a mean of 17.12±1.06. Slightly less than half of the students (48.4%), recognized correctly the main causative agents for ARTIs while more than half of them (59.3%) recognized correctly the mode of transmission of ARTIs and the most susceptible victims for ARTIs (56.4%). Most of the students recognized correctly the different preventive measures of ARTIs (the percentage ranged between 84.9% for vaccination to 86.6% for proper hand washing several times daily). Students enrolled in the second or third grades, those whose mothers were university graduated, those having information from television or newspapers/magazines, those having a history of recent ARTI attach and being educated through physicians were less liable to have insufficient knowledge about ARTIs.

Conclusion: Saudi male students` knowledge about respiratory tract infections and about antibiotic therapy is often lacking. Improved health education may alter students' expectations concerning antibiotic therapy for their illness.

Key words: Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Knowledge, Saudi Arabia, Adolescents


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Majed Mohommed Ali Al Saleh
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 5187
Downloaded: 937
Cited: 1


REFERENCES
1. Cattaneo A. Current role of vaccination in preventing acute respiratory infections in children in developing countries. Monaldi archives for chest disease, 1994, 49:57-60.

[Pubmed]   


2. WHO, World Health Organization. Changing history. Geneva 2004.


3. Mizgerd JP. Lung infection--a public health priority. PLoS Med 2006; 3:e76.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0030076

[
Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   


4. Rudan I, Boschi-Pinto C, Biloglav Z, Mulholland K, Campbell H. Epidemiology and etiology of childhood pneumonia. Bull World Health Organ 2008; 86:408-16.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.07.048769

[
Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   


5. Khoja TA, Al-Mohammad K, Aziz KMS. Setting the scene for an ARI control programme: is it worth in Saudi Arabia? EMHJ, 1999, 5:111-7.


6. Gautret P, Soula G, Parola P, Brouqui P. Hajj Pilgrims' Knowledge about Acute Respiratory Infections. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2009; 15(11):1861-2.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1511.090201

[
Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   


7. A review of Health Situation. Ministry of Health 1429; p93.


8. Swan-Mahony A. Infection Prevention and Control in School Settings. Superintendent's Circular #SHS-4, 2008; pp. 1-5.


9. Hogg W, Gray D, Huston P, Zhang W. The costs of preventing the spread of respiratory infection in family physician offices: a threshold analysis. BMC Health Services Research 2007; 7:181

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-7-181

[
Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   


10. Basnayat B, Cumbo TA, Edelman R. Infections at high altitude. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2001; 33:1887-91.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/324163

[
Pubmed]   


11. Dahiru T, Aliyu A, Kene TS. Statistics in Medical Research: Misuse of Sampling and Sample Size Determination. Annals of African Medicine 2006; 5(3):158 –61.


12. Al-Asmary S, Al-Shehri A, Abou-Zeid A, Abdel-Fattah M, Hifnawy T, El-Said T. Acute respiratory tract infections among Hajj medical mission personnel, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 2007; 11: 268—272

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2006.04.008

[
Pubmed]   


13. World Health Organization, 2003. Influenza fact sheet No. 211, revised March 2003. Available from URL: http://www.who.int/.


14. World Health Organization. A model plan for influenza pandemic preparedness. Version 3.1, September 2001.


15. Ahmed QA, Memish ZA, Allegranzi B, Pittet D Muslim health care workers and alcohol-based handrubs. Lancet 2006; 367:1025–7. [DOI via Crossref]   
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(06)68431-6


16. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2004. NIOSH Topic area: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), understanding respiratory protection against SARS. Available from URL: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npptl/respirators/disp_part/particlist.html.


17. Johnson DF, Druce JD, Birch C, Grayson ML A quantitative assessment of the efficacy of surgical and N95 masks to filter influenza virus in patients with acute influenza infection. Clin Infect Dis 2009;49:275–7. [DOI via Crossref]   
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/600041


18. MacIntyre CR, Cauchemez S, Dwyer DE, Seale H, Cheung P, Browne G, et al. Face mask use and control of respiratory virus transmission in households. Emerg Infect Dis 2009; 15:233–41. [DOI via Crossref]   
http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1502.081167


19. Gautret P, Vu Hai V, Sani S, Doutchi M, Parola P, Brouqui P. Protective measures against acute respiratory symptoms in French pilgrims participating in the Hajj of 2009. J Travel Med. 2011; 18(1):53-5

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1708-8305.2010.00480.x

[
Pubmed]   


20. Collett CA, Pappas DE, Evans BA, Hayden GF. Parental knowledge about common respiratory infections and antibiotic therapy in children. South Med J. 1999; 92(10):971-6.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00007611-199910000-00006

[
Pubmed]   


21. Belongia EA, Naimi TS, Gale CM, Besser RE. Antibiotic use and upper respiratory infections: a survey of knowledge, attitudes, and experience in Wisconsin and Minnesota. Prev Med. 2002; 34(3):346-52.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/pmed.2001.0992

[
Pubmed]   


22. Chew F, Palmer S, Kim S. Sources of information and knowledge about health and nutrition: can viewing one television programme make a difference? Public Understanding of Science 1995; 4:17-29.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0963-6625/4/1/002

This Article Cited By the following articles

Knowledge and Practices Toward Routine Medical Checkup Among Middle-Aged and Elderly People of Riyadh
Journal of Patient Experience 2019; (): 237437351985100.

1
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Majed Mohommed Ali Al Saleh. Knowledge of male secondary school students regarding prevention of acute respiratory infections in Abha City, KSA. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 129-136. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.129-136


Web Style

Majed Mohommed Ali Al Saleh. Knowledge of male secondary school students regarding prevention of acute respiratory infections in Abha City, KSA. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=26536 [Access: January 28, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.129-136


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Majed Mohommed Ali Al Saleh. Knowledge of male secondary school students regarding prevention of acute respiratory infections in Abha City, KSA. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 129-136. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.129-136



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Majed Mohommed Ali Al Saleh. Knowledge of male secondary school students regarding prevention of acute respiratory infections in Abha City, KSA. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2013), [cited January 28, 2020]; 2(1): 129-136. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.129-136



Harvard Style

Majed Mohommed Ali Al Saleh (2013) Knowledge of male secondary school students regarding prevention of acute respiratory infections in Abha City, KSA. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 2 (1), 129-136. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.129-136



Turabian Style

Majed Mohommed Ali Al Saleh. 2013. Knowledge of male secondary school students regarding prevention of acute respiratory infections in Abha City, KSA. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (1), 129-136. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.129-136



Chicago Style

Majed Mohommed Ali Al Saleh. "Knowledge of male secondary school students regarding prevention of acute respiratory infections in Abha City, KSA." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2 (2013), 129-136. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.129-136



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Majed Mohommed Ali Al Saleh. "Knowledge of male secondary school students regarding prevention of acute respiratory infections in Abha City, KSA." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2.1 (2013), 129-136. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.129-136



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Majed Mohommed Ali Al Saleh (2013) Knowledge of male secondary school students regarding prevention of acute respiratory infections in Abha City, KSA. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (1), 129-136. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.129-136





Most Viewed Articles
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Gunthers with haemolytic anaemia extremly rare: A case report
    Nilesh Kumar, Ankur Varshney, Arvind Anand, Dibyaranjan Behera, Ravi Anand, Ashutosh Tiwari
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 472-474
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.313-315

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana—a clinical survey
    Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1475-1478
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238

  • Rate of referral from primary health care to secondary health care among governmental hospitals in Taif governorate, KSA
    Osama MohammadAlGhamdi, BasimMatar AL-Malki, Ammar EidNahhas, Adel Dakhilallah AL-Malki
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(10): 1457-1463
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.19062015302

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 32 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 16 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Abdominal volume index and conicity index in predicting metabolic abnormalities in young women of different socioeconomic class
    Vikram Gowda, Kripa Mariyam Philip
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1452-1456
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.13102015231
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study on the prevalence of refractive errors among school childern of 7-15 years age group in the field practice areas of a medical college in bangalore
    Pavithra MB, Maheshwaran R, Rani Sujatha MA
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 641-645
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.220420131
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Examination stress and its effect on EEG
    Sunil Kumar Jena
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(11): 1493-1497
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.23042015308
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Correlation between obesity and cardio respiratory fitness
    Prabha Setty, BV Padmanabha, BR Doddamani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 300-304
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.298-302
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]