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International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health

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Original Research Open Access


Dietary diversity among women of reproductive age: New evidence from an observational study in a slum of Kolkata

Manika Pal, Bobby Paul, Aparajita Dasgupta.

Abstract
Background: Despite significant improvement in the intake of calorie, diet quality continues to remain poor among individuals. Women of reproductive age (WRA) are nutritionally more vulnerable because of pregnancy, lactation, and menstruation requiring nutrient-dense quality food. Food situation is worse in developing countries. Dietary diversity is an indicator of micronutrient adequacy.

Objectives: This study was aimed at determining the “proportion of WRA” attaining “minimum dietary diversity (MDD)” and exploring the predictors associated with it.

Materials and Methods: An observational, community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in a slum of Kolkata. A total of 182 women took part in the study who were selected by simple random sampling. Face to face interviews were conducted using structured schedule that included questions on sociodemographic as well as dietary diversity. Body mass index was calculated for each participant. Data were summarized with descriptive statistics and adjusted with binary logistic regression analysis in Statistical Package for Social Sciences (version 16).

Results: “Proportion of WRA” attaining “MDD” was found to be 46.2% only. On multivariable logistic regression, it was observed that there was significant association between dietary diversity and small family size (less number of children) adjusted odds ratio (AOR [confidence interval (CI)]): 2.201 (1.046-4.635), upper socioeconomic status AOR (CI): 2.933 (1.473-5.841), higher educational level AOR (CI): 2.835 (1.444-5.567), and occupation other than homemaker AOR (CI): 2.378 (1.138-4.969).

Conclusion: Less than half of WRA achieved “MDD.” Based on the findings, information, education, and communication activities are recommended with an emphasis on locally available, low-cost nutritious diet.

Key words: Minimum Dietary Diversity; Community Based Study; Women of Reproductive Age; Slum of Kolkata


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Pal M, Paul B, Dasgupta A. Dietary diversity among women of reproductive age: New evidence from an observational study in a slum of Kolkata. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(8): 1302-1307. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513114062017



Web Style

Pal M, Paul B, Dasgupta A. Dietary diversity among women of reproductive age: New evidence from an observational study in a slum of Kolkata. www.scopemed.org/?mno=266957 [Access: August 21, 2017]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513114062017



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Pal M, Paul B, Dasgupta A. Dietary diversity among women of reproductive age: New evidence from an observational study in a slum of Kolkata. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(8): 1302-1307. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513114062017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Pal M, Paul B, Dasgupta A. Dietary diversity among women of reproductive age: New evidence from an observational study in a slum of Kolkata. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited August 21, 2017]; 6(8): 1302-1307. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513114062017



Harvard Style

Pal, M., Paul, B. & Dasgupta, A. (2017) Dietary diversity among women of reproductive age: New evidence from an observational study in a slum of Kolkata. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (8), 1302-1307. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513114062017



Turabian Style

Pal, Manika, Bobby Paul, and Aparajita Dasgupta. 2017. Dietary diversity among women of reproductive age: New evidence from an observational study in a slum of Kolkata. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 6 (8), 1302-1307. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513114062017



Chicago Style

Pal, Manika, Bobby Paul, and Aparajita Dasgupta. "Dietary diversity among women of reproductive age: New evidence from an observational study in a slum of Kolkata." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1302-1307. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513114062017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Pal, Manika, Bobby Paul, and Aparajita Dasgupta. "Dietary diversity among women of reproductive age: New evidence from an observational study in a slum of Kolkata." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.8 (2017), 1302-1307. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513114062017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Pal, M., Paul, B. & Dasgupta, A. (2017) Dietary diversity among women of reproductive age: New evidence from an observational study in a slum of Kolkata. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 6 (8), 1302-1307. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513114062017



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