E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Review Article 


Splenogonadal fusion - A review of rare anomaly

Kaushal Dashrathbhai Suthar, Bhavna Natvarlal Mewada.

Abstract
Splenogonadal fusion is a rare congenital malformation that involves an abnormal connection between the spleen and the gonad or mesonephric derivatives. It manifests itself as a mass consisting of splenic and testicular or ovarian tissue. Splenogonadal fusion has been classified into two types; continuous, where there is a direct connection between spleen and gonad; and discontinuous, where ectopic splenic tissue is attached to the gonad, but there is no connection to the spleen. Many cases had an associated other anomalies either genital or systemic. Knowledge about the existence of such an uncommon entity is essential even to be suspected preoperatively as the appearance at exploration can be misleading as a malignant mass and often results in unnecessary gonadal removal.

Key words: Splenogonadal Fusion; Congenital; Anomaly


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Kaushal Dashrathbhai Suthar
Articles by Bhavna Natvarlal Mewada
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 2254
Downloaded: 715
Cited: 0

REFERENCES
1. Fahmy MAB. Rare case of Continuous and Discontinuous Splenogonadal Fusion in A single Testicle. Annals of Pediatric Surgery 2009;5(4):282-285.


2. Xiao-cao S, Chuan-jun DU, Ji-min C, Zhe-wei Z, Yi-qing QIU. Splenogonadal fusion- case report. Chinese Medical Journal 2008;12(4):383-384.


3. Chua HB. Spleno-gonadal fusion. Brunei Int Med Journal 2011;7(2):101-103.


4. Farzaneh MR, Abbasi MZ, Amini B. Splenogonadal fusion operated as a malignant tumor. Indian Journal of Medical Sciences 2010;35(2):157-159.


5. Maestro MA, Tello L, Franjo PD, Gonzalez ER, Pineiro LM. Splenogonadal fusion. Actas Urol Esp. 2010;34(3):293-295.


6. Stewart VR, Sellars ME, Somers S, Muir GH, Sidhu PS. Splenogonadal fusion. J Ultrasound Med 2004;23:1087-1090.

[
Pubmed]   

7. Putschar WGJ, Manion WC. Splenic-gonadal fusion. Am J Pathol 1955;32:15-33.


8. Duncan WL. Splenogonadal fusion: a case report and review of literature. J Pediatr Surg 2005;40:5-7.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2005.08.034

[
Pubmed]   

9. Putschar WGJ, Manion WC. Splenic-gonadal fusion. Amer J Path 1956;32:15-33.

[
Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   

10. Andrews RW, Copeland DD, Fried FA. Splenogonadal fusion. J Urol 1985;133:1052-3.

[
Pubmed]   

11. Chen SL, Kao YL, Sun HS, Lin WL. Splenogonadal fusion. J Formos Med Assoc 2008;107:892-5.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0929-6646(08)60206-5


12. Garragher AM. One hundred years of splenogonadal fusion. Urology 1990;35-471-475.


13. Braga LH, Braga MM, Dias MA. Laparoscopic diagnosis and treatment of splenogonadal fusion associated with intraabdominal cryptorchidism in a child. Pediatr Surg Int 1999;15:465-6.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s003830050639

[
Pubmed]   

14. Hizli F,Uygur MC, Irkkan C. Splenogonadal fusion: report of a case. Int J Urol 2005;12:591-2.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-2042.2005.01104.x

[
Pubmed]   

15. Cortes D, Thorup JM and Visfeld J. The pathogenesis of cryptorchidism and splenogonadal fusion: a new hypothesis. Brit J Urol 1996;77:285-90.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1464-410X.1996.89022.x

[
Pubmed]   

16. Guarin U, Dimitrieva Z, Ashley SJ. Splenogonadal fusion a rare congenital anomaly demonstrated by 99mTc-sulfur colloid imaging : case report. J Nuci Med 1975;16:922-4.


17. Lipson AH. Amelia of the arms and femur/fibula deficiency with splenogonadal fusion in a child born to a consanguineous couple. Am J Med Genet 1995;55:265-8.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.1320550304

[
Pubmed]   

18. Gouw ASH, Elema JD, Bink-Boelkens MTE, de Jongh HJ, ten Kate LP. The spectrum of splenogonadal fusion: case report and review of 84 reported cases. Eur J Pediatr 1985;144:316-23.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00441771

[
Pubmed]   

19. Karaman MI, Gonzales ET Jr. Splenogonadal fusion:report of two cases. J Urol 1996;155:309-11.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5347(01)66651-5


20. Steinmetz AP, Rappaport A, Nikolov G, Priel IE, Chamovitz DL, Dolev E. Splenogonadal fusion diagnosed by spleen scintigraphy. The journal of nuclear medicine 1997;38:1153-55.

[
Pubmed]   

21. Imperial SL, Sidhu JS. Nonseminomatous germ cell tumor arising in splenogonadal fusion : a case report. Arch Pathol Lab Med 2002;126:1222-25.

[
Pubmed]   

22. Patel RV. Splenogonadal fusion. J Pediatr Surg 1995;30:873-4.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3468(95)90769-6


23. Balaji KC, Caldamone AA, Rabinowitz R. Splenogonadal fusion. J Urol 1996;156:854-856.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5347(01)65839-7


24. Bushby LH, Sriprasad S, Hopster D, Muir G, Clarke JL, Sidhu PS. Hich frequency color Doppler US of focal testicular lesions; crossing vessels (criss-cross pattern) identifies primary malignant tumors. Radiology 2001;221:449.

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Suthar KD, Mewada BN. Splenogonadal fusion - A review of rare anomaly. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 16-19. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.16-19


Web Style

Suthar KD, Mewada BN. Splenogonadal fusion - A review of rare anomaly. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=26711 [Access: April 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.16-19


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Suthar KD, Mewada BN. Splenogonadal fusion - A review of rare anomaly. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 16-19. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.16-19



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Suthar KD, Mewada BN. Splenogonadal fusion - A review of rare anomaly. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2013), [cited April 21, 2018]; 2(1): 16-19. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.16-19



Harvard Style

Suthar, K. D. & Mewada, B. N. (2013) Splenogonadal fusion - A review of rare anomaly. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 2 (1), 16-19. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.16-19



Turabian Style

Suthar, Kaushal Dashrathbhai, and Bhavna Natvarlal Mewada. 2013. Splenogonadal fusion - A review of rare anomaly. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (1), 16-19. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.16-19



Chicago Style

Suthar, Kaushal Dashrathbhai, and Bhavna Natvarlal Mewada. "Splenogonadal fusion - A review of rare anomaly." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2 (2013), 16-19. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.16-19



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Suthar, Kaushal Dashrathbhai, and Bhavna Natvarlal Mewada. "Splenogonadal fusion - A review of rare anomaly." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2.1 (2013), 16-19. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.16-19



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Suthar, K. D. & Mewada, B. N. (2013) Splenogonadal fusion - A review of rare anomaly. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (1), 16-19. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.16-19





Most Viewed Articles
  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Gunthers with haemolytic anaemia extremly rare: A case report
    Nilesh Kumar, Ankur Varshney, Arvind Anand, Dibyaranjan Behera, Ravi Anand, Ashutosh Tiwari
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 472-474
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.313-315

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Recent update on osteoporosis
    Vijender Agrawal, Dharmendra Gupta
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 164-168
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.162-166

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Study of psychological stress among undergraduate medical students of government medical college, Surat.
    Priti Solanky, Binita Desai, Abhay Kavishwar, S. L. Kantharia
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 38-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.38-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 21 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 13 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Clinico-microbiological profile of women with vaginal discharge in a tertiary care hospital of northern India
    Varsha Chaudhary, Ved Prakesh, Kian Agarwal, Vijender Kumar Agrawal, Arun Singh, Sachin Pandey
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 75-80
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.75-80
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Correlation between obesity and cardio respiratory fitness
    Prabha Setty, BV Padmanabha, BR Doddamani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 300-304
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.298-302
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and clinical characteristics of autism spectrum disorders in school-age children in Taif- KSA
    Ali H.S Al-Zahrani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 578-582
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.160420133
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Electrocardiographic changes during acute mental stress
    Arpana Bhide, Rajasekhar Durgaprasad, Latheef Kasala, Vanajakshamma Velam, Narendra Hulikal
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(5): 835-838
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015137
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Importance of cardiac marker enzymes (Aspartate transaminase and troponin I) in acute myocardial infarction: A case-control study from South India
    Vuddandi Prabodh, Deva Prakash, Godi Sudhakar, Yeruva Reddy, Nadella Chowdary, Sripada Desai, Ravi Shekhara
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 118-120
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.118-120
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Role of HRCT temporal bone in pre operative evaluation of choesteatoma
    Chintan Shah, Pinal Shah, Satish Shah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(1): 69-72
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.031020131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]