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Prevalence of social anxiety disorder and its determinants in school going adolescents in rural population of Ramnagara district

Archana S, Prasad K N, Bushra Jabeen.

Abstract
Background: The social phobia or social anxiety disorder (SAD) is likely to play adversely on their adulthood if it is not detected and treated during adolescence period. The problem of SAD is varying in rural and urban population based on multiple issues.

Objective: The objective of the study is to estimate the prevalence and determinants of SAD (social phobia) among school children aged 11-16 years in rural population of Ramnagara district, Karnataka.

Materials and Methods: A community-based, cross-sectional, and descriptive study was conducted in the six schools in Ramnagara district of Karnataka during the month of August 2016. The pretested, semi-open ended questionnaire was used to interview school children aged between 11 and 16 years in the school premises. Data were collected from each child separately by investigators after taking the consent from the Principal. The information was collected on social phobia inventory (SPIN) scale and sociodemographic factors. The SPIN is a 17-item self-rating scale with minimum score as “0” and maximum score as “68” and adolescents were categorized as having SAD with cutoff score of more than 20. The data were analyzed in SPSS version 18.0.

Results: Out of 446 students, 232 were males and 214 were female adolescents. The prevalence of SAD was 39.7%. The mild, moderate, and severe SAD accounted for 24.1%, 13.9%, and 1.6%, respectively. It was more in the female adolescents (47.7%) and age group of 11-13 years (43.4%). The mean score was 18.23 (±10.7) and it was higher for female adolescents. Number of siblings, family type, active physical activity, sports, yoga, and meditation had influence on the prevalence of SAD on males and females as assessed by odd’s ratio and many factors were found to be statistically not significant.

Conclusion: The prevalence of SAD was two out of five adolescents, and one-fourth of the adolescents had mild grade SAD. The important determinants of SAD were age, type of family, and yoga.

Key words: Social Anxiety Disorder; Social Phobia; Social Phobia Inventory; Adolescent


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

S A, N PK, Jabeen B. Prevalence of social anxiety disorder and its determinants in school going adolescents in rural population of Ramnagara district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(8): 1308-1313. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513413062017


Web Style

S A, N PK, Jabeen B. Prevalence of social anxiety disorder and its determinants in school going adolescents in rural population of Ramnagara district. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=267183 [Access: December 18, 2017]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513413062017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

S A, N PK, Jabeen B. Prevalence of social anxiety disorder and its determinants in school going adolescents in rural population of Ramnagara district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(8): 1308-1313. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513413062017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

S A, N PK, Jabeen B. Prevalence of social anxiety disorder and its determinants in school going adolescents in rural population of Ramnagara district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited December 18, 2017]; 6(8): 1308-1313. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513413062017



Harvard Style

S, A., N, P. K. & Jabeen, B. (2017) Prevalence of social anxiety disorder and its determinants in school going adolescents in rural population of Ramnagara district. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (8), 1308-1313. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513413062017



Turabian Style

S, Archana, Prasad K N, and Bushra Jabeen. 2017. Prevalence of social anxiety disorder and its determinants in school going adolescents in rural population of Ramnagara district. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 6 (8), 1308-1313. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513413062017



Chicago Style

S, Archana, Prasad K N, and Bushra Jabeen. "Prevalence of social anxiety disorder and its determinants in school going adolescents in rural population of Ramnagara district." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1308-1313. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513413062017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

S, Archana, Prasad K N, and Bushra Jabeen. "Prevalence of social anxiety disorder and its determinants in school going adolescents in rural population of Ramnagara district." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.8 (2017), 1308-1313. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513413062017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

S, A., N, P. K. & Jabeen, B. (2017) Prevalence of social anxiety disorder and its determinants in school going adolescents in rural population of Ramnagara district. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 6 (8), 1308-1313. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0513413062017



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Retraction notice [Dec 03, 2016]
Retraction notice [Mar 02, 2015]
Submission of article [Jul 22, 2012]


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