E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding iodine deficiency disorders

Satyanarayana Konda, Ravi Kumar B P, Purushottam A Giri.

Abstract
Background: A high level of awareness of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) is very important for its prevention and control in the community.

Objective: To study the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding IDD and the use of iodized salt in relation to IDD.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three areas of Khammam district, Telangana, India. A total number of households surveyed were 272. A structured knowledge and practices questionnaire was used to collect data from the head of the household. The data were collected with reference to knowledge, attitude and practices regarding IDD (its signs and symptoms, treatment and prevention, benefits of iodine, awareness of iodized salt, and sources of information). Descriptive analysis and Chi-square test were used to present the data.

Results: In this study, only 26.1% of the households were aware of IDD. More than half of respondents (67.6%) had heard about iodized salt, the most common source of information being a television (51.5%). 96.3% of the households were using iodized salt. Of the total salt samples, only 10 samples (3.7%) have iodine content <15 ppm. Significant association was found between the awareness of IDD and education (P < 0.001), awareness about the benefits of iodized salt and the type of salt used (P < 0.01) while no association was observed between socioeconomic status and the type of salt used among the households.

Conclusion: Although the use of iodized salt was more than 96%, more than half of the households lacked the knowledge about iodine deficiency diseases. There is a big gap between the awareness of the benefits of iodized salt and its consumption per se. Health education session on IDD and the benefits of iodized salt should be carried out with a special focus on illiterate people.

Key words: Knowledge; Attitude; Practices; Iodine Deficiency Disorder; Iodized Salt


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Konda S, P RKB, Giri PA. Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding iodine deficiency disorders. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(8): 1297-1301. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0515009062017


Web Style

Konda S, P RKB, Giri PA. Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding iodine deficiency disorders. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=267984 [Access: May 25, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0515009062017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Konda S, P RKB, Giri PA. Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding iodine deficiency disorders. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(8): 1297-1301. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0515009062017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Konda S, P RKB, Giri PA. Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding iodine deficiency disorders. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited May 25, 2018]; 6(8): 1297-1301. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0515009062017



Harvard Style

Konda, S., P, R. K. B. & Giri, P. A. (2017) Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding iodine deficiency disorders. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (8), 1297-1301. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0515009062017



Turabian Style

Konda, Satyanarayana, Ravi Kumar B P, and Purushottam A Giri. 2017. Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding iodine deficiency disorders. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (8), 1297-1301. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0515009062017



Chicago Style

Konda, Satyanarayana, Ravi Kumar B P, and Purushottam A Giri. "Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding iodine deficiency disorders." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1297-1301. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0515009062017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Konda, Satyanarayana, Ravi Kumar B P, and Purushottam A Giri. "Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding iodine deficiency disorders." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.8 (2017), 1297-1301. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0515009062017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Konda, S., P, R. K. B. & Giri, P. A. (2017) Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding iodine deficiency disorders. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (8), 1297-1301. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0515009062017





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