E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Impact of oral hygiene training of anganwadi workers on improvement of oral hygiene in rural child population of Jammu and Kashmir

Aasim Farooq Shah, Ishrat Ibrahim, Suhail Majid jan, Irfan Ashraf Baba.

Abstract
Background: In India, there is an inequitable distribution of skilled dental practitioners. 70% of the Indian population resides in the rural area, for which only 30% of dental facilities are accessible. Anganwadi workers (AWWs) are grassroot workers responsible for health.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of oral health training on oral health status and habits of preschool children who were attending anganwadi centers (AWC) in District Bandipora of Jammu and Kashmir state.

Materials and Methods: This comparison study was conducted in anganwadis of District Bandipora of Jammu and Kashmir state. The anganwadis caters to around 35,000 preschool children. The sample size for the study was determined to be 496 students by EPI-INFO WHO package. A total of 19 anganwadis were selected. All the children aged 3-6 years attending the selected AWC were included in the study. The AWWs were provided with oral health training. After baseline data collection, end line data (post-training) were collected after 3 months.

Results: During pre-training, the prevalence of dental caries was found to be 51.4%. The mean decayed, missing, filled teeth were higher in 4-5 years age group (2.72) as compared to 5-6 years (2.53) and 3-4 years age group (1.53). Only 4.2% of the population reported to brushing twice or more daily before the training, which increased to 9.9% post-training. There was a decrease in debris (78.3-54.1%) and halitosis (42.9-23.2%).

Conclusion: It is established by the study that imparting knowledge and skills to AWWs regarding oral health improves the oral health status among children and also inculcate positive oral habits among them.

Key words: Oral Health Training; Anganwadis; Dental Caries; Oral Hygiene; Primary Health Care


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Shah AF, Ibrahim I, jan SM, Baba IA. Impact of oral hygiene training of anganwadi workers on improvement of oral hygiene in rural child population of Jammu and Kashmir. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(8): 1325-1329. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616214062017


Web Style

Shah AF, Ibrahim I, jan SM, Baba IA. Impact of oral hygiene training of anganwadi workers on improvement of oral hygiene in rural child population of Jammu and Kashmir. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=269198 [Access: July 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616214062017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shah AF, Ibrahim I, jan SM, Baba IA. Impact of oral hygiene training of anganwadi workers on improvement of oral hygiene in rural child population of Jammu and Kashmir. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(8): 1325-1329. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616214062017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shah AF, Ibrahim I, jan SM, Baba IA. Impact of oral hygiene training of anganwadi workers on improvement of oral hygiene in rural child population of Jammu and Kashmir. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited July 22, 2018]; 6(8): 1325-1329. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616214062017



Harvard Style

Shah, A. F., Ibrahim, I., jan, S. M. & Baba, I. A. (2017) Impact of oral hygiene training of anganwadi workers on improvement of oral hygiene in rural child population of Jammu and Kashmir. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (8), 1325-1329. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616214062017



Turabian Style

Shah, Aasim Farooq, Ishrat Ibrahim, Suhail Majid jan, and Irfan Ashraf Baba. 2017. Impact of oral hygiene training of anganwadi workers on improvement of oral hygiene in rural child population of Jammu and Kashmir. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (8), 1325-1329. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616214062017



Chicago Style

Shah, Aasim Farooq, Ishrat Ibrahim, Suhail Majid jan, and Irfan Ashraf Baba. "Impact of oral hygiene training of anganwadi workers on improvement of oral hygiene in rural child population of Jammu and Kashmir." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1325-1329. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616214062017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shah, Aasim Farooq, Ishrat Ibrahim, Suhail Majid jan, and Irfan Ashraf Baba. "Impact of oral hygiene training of anganwadi workers on improvement of oral hygiene in rural child population of Jammu and Kashmir." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.8 (2017), 1325-1329. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616214062017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shah, A. F., Ibrahim, I., jan, S. M. & Baba, I. A. (2017) Impact of oral hygiene training of anganwadi workers on improvement of oral hygiene in rural child population of Jammu and Kashmir. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (8), 1325-1329. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616214062017





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