E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Review Article 


Polio Vaccination in Nigeria: The ‘good’, the ‘bad’ and the ‘ugly’

MM Baba, Michael Ayivor.

Abstract
With increase in the number of polio cases, Nigeria serves as the primary threat to a polio free world. The “good” the bad” and “the ugly” aspects of polio vaccination in Nigeria is discussed. In the ‘good’ aspect the number of wild poliovirus cases declined by over 90%, cVDPV 2 cases declined by 82%. Similarly, genetic clusters of both wild poliovirus type 1 and type 3 have re-duced form 18 and 19 in 2009 to 2 respectively. The Immunity to polioviruses has improved in endemic States and new approaches for better identification of settlements and to promote com-munity participation have been adopted in 2012. On the ‘bad ‘aspect, polio cases have increased from 21 in 2010 to 62 in 2011 and 84 in 2012(7th September) with ongoing transmission of wild poliovirus type1, 3 and cVDPV2. Declined political oversight at critical juncture and non Im-plementation of emergency plans in key infected areas has been observed. Non-compliance to the vaccine seems to be the major contributor to the increasing number of polio cases in the country. Lastly “the ugly” face focuses on the aftermath of the boycott of polio vaccination in northern States in 2003 amidst the rumor that the vaccine contained infertility drugs, causes poli-omyelitis and spread HIV. After resolving the crisis, some parents in the north still resist com-pliance with the polio vaccination. Borrowing a leave from the rally organized by the polio vic-tims, all Nigerians should complement the government efforts in ‘kicking’ polio out of the coun-try.

Key words: Polio vaccination; wild polio virus; Immunization plus Days; Micro Planning, Nigeria


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by MM Baba
Articles by Michael Ayivor
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 3291
Downloaded: 864
Cited: 0

REFERENCES
1. Adewumi MO, Donbraye E, Odaibo GN, BakareyAS,Opaleye OO, Olaleye DO. Neutralizing Antibodies against Poliovirus Serotypes among Children in Southwest Nigeria. J Trop Pediatric;2006: 52: 92-95.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmi075

[Pubmed]   


2. Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention. (2010): Progress toward poliomyelitis Eradication-Nigeria, January 2009-July 2010. Morbid Mortal Wkly Rep; 59:802- 807.


3. Donbraye E, Adewumi MO, Odaibo GN, Bakarey AS, Opaleye OO, Olaleye DO. Evaluation of immunity against poliovirus serotypes among children in riverine Areas of Delta state, Nigeria. Afr J Cln. Exper Microbiol;2011: 12:72-75.


4. Guerrera M. Finish Polio: Evolutionary medicine principles and the eradication of Polio in evolutionary medicine, Central Connecticut State University. Topics in Biology;2007:490-540.


5. Kaufmann JR, Feldbaum H. Diplomacy and the Polio Immunization Boycott in Northern Nigeria. Negotiating and Navigating Global Health;2011: Vol 2. 405-419.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/9789814368049_0019


6. 24th Expert Review committee (ERC) report on polio Eradication and Routine Immunization in Nigeria held in Abuja on 10th -11th September 2012.


7. Okonko IO, Babalola ET, Adedeji AO, Onoja BA, Ogun AA, Nkang AO, Adu FD. The role of vaccine derived polioviruses in the global eradication of polio the Nigeria experience as a case study. Biotech & Mol. Bio Rev;2008: 3: 135 – 1


8. Weekly Report (2012): Global Polio Eradication Initiative. Polio this week- As of 29th August 2012.


9. 23rd Expert Review committee (ERC) report on polio Eradication and Routine Immunization in Nigeria held in Abuja on 28th - 29th March 2012

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Baba M, Ayivor M. Polio Vaccination in Nigeria: The ‘good’, the ‘bad’ and the ‘ugly’. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 137-145. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.137-145


Web Style

Baba M, Ayivor M. Polio Vaccination in Nigeria: The ‘good’, the ‘bad’ and the ‘ugly’. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=27026 [Access: April 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.137-145


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Baba M, Ayivor M. Polio Vaccination in Nigeria: The ‘good’, the ‘bad’ and the ‘ugly’. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 137-145. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.137-145



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Baba M, Ayivor M. Polio Vaccination in Nigeria: The ‘good’, the ‘bad’ and the ‘ugly’. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2013), [cited April 21, 2018]; 2(1): 137-145. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.137-145



Harvard Style

Baba, M. & Ayivor, M. (2013) Polio Vaccination in Nigeria: The ‘good’, the ‘bad’ and the ‘ugly’. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 2 (1), 137-145. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.137-145



Turabian Style

Baba, MM, and Michael Ayivor. 2013. Polio Vaccination in Nigeria: The ‘good’, the ‘bad’ and the ‘ugly’. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (1), 137-145. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.137-145



Chicago Style

Baba, MM, and Michael Ayivor. "Polio Vaccination in Nigeria: The ‘good’, the ‘bad’ and the ‘ugly’." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2 (2013), 137-145. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.137-145



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Baba, MM, and Michael Ayivor. "Polio Vaccination in Nigeria: The ‘good’, the ‘bad’ and the ‘ugly’." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2.1 (2013), 137-145. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.137-145



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Baba, M. & Ayivor, M. (2013) Polio Vaccination in Nigeria: The ‘good’, the ‘bad’ and the ‘ugly’. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (1), 137-145. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.137-145





Most Viewed Articles
  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Gunthers with haemolytic anaemia extremly rare: A case report
    Nilesh Kumar, Ankur Varshney, Arvind Anand, Dibyaranjan Behera, Ravi Anand, Ashutosh Tiwari
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 472-474
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.313-315

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Recent update on osteoporosis
    Vijender Agrawal, Dharmendra Gupta
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 164-168
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.162-166

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Study of psychological stress among undergraduate medical students of government medical college, Surat.
    Priti Solanky, Binita Desai, Abhay Kavishwar, S. L. Kantharia
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 38-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.38-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 21 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 13 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Clinico-microbiological profile of women with vaginal discharge in a tertiary care hospital of northern India
    Varsha Chaudhary, Ved Prakesh, Kian Agarwal, Vijender Kumar Agrawal, Arun Singh, Sachin Pandey
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 75-80
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.75-80
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Correlation between obesity and cardio respiratory fitness
    Prabha Setty, BV Padmanabha, BR Doddamani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 300-304
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.298-302
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and clinical characteristics of autism spectrum disorders in school-age children in Taif- KSA
    Ali H.S Al-Zahrani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 578-582
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.160420133
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Electrocardiographic changes during acute mental stress
    Arpana Bhide, Rajasekhar Durgaprasad, Latheef Kasala, Vanajakshamma Velam, Narendra Hulikal
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(5): 835-838
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015137
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Importance of cardiac marker enzymes (Aspartate transaminase and troponin I) in acute myocardial infarction: A case-control study from South India
    Vuddandi Prabodh, Deva Prakash, Godi Sudhakar, Yeruva Reddy, Nadella Chowdary, Sripada Desai, Ravi Shekhara
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 118-120
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.118-120
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Role of HRCT temporal bone in pre operative evaluation of choesteatoma
    Chintan Shah, Pinal Shah, Satish Shah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(1): 69-72
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.031020131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]