E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Malnutrition among under-five tribal children with special focus on dietary intake in Akole block of Western Ghat, Maharashtra, India

Sanjay Kumar, Shilpi Kawalia, Sunil N Thitame, Somasundram K V.

Abstract
Background: Malnutrition is a global issue that affects billions. The social and economic backwardness has always been responsible for poor health status, high incidence of low birth weight, and infant and child mortality among these groups. In India, many recent studies have been conducted on the nutritional status of tribal children and have showed a high rate of malnutrition.

Objectives: (1) To study various factors contributing to the malnutrition among tribal children and (2) to study the dietary habits of under-five children and its impact on nutritional status.

Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in tribal area of Akole block of Western Ghat, Maharashtra, India, from February 2016 to June 2017. A total of 370 under-five tribal children were studied from 13 selected villages. Pretested structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Anthropometric measurements such as height/length and weight were measured. The World Health Organization-2006 child growth standards were used to three grades: Underweight, stunting, and wasting. The data were compiled and statistical analysis was done using percentage and Chi-square test.

Result: Of 370 children, 170 (45.9%) were males and 200 (54.1%) were females. Overall, the prevalence of underweight, stunting, and wasting was found to be 86.2%, 72.3%, and 58.6%, respectively. Severe underweight, stunting, and wasting were found in 18.9%, 26.2%, and 7.6%, respectively.

Conclusion: The present study demonstrates that children in Akole tribe are at high risk of malnutrition. Malnutrition continued to be a substantial burden in under-five children.

Key words: Dietary Intake; Malnutrition; Sociodemographic Factors; Tribal Population


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Sanjay Kumar
Articles by Shilpi Kawalia
Articles by Sunil N Thitame
Articles by Somasundram K V
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 659
Downloaded: 231
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kumar S, Kawalia S, Thitame SN, V SK. Malnutrition among under-five tribal children with special focus on dietary intake in Akole block of Western Ghat, Maharashtra, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(3): 165-169. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0719406012018


Web Style

Kumar S, Kawalia S, Thitame SN, V SK. Malnutrition among under-five tribal children with special focus on dietary intake in Akole block of Western Ghat, Maharashtra, India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=272444 [Access: August 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0719406012018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kumar S, Kawalia S, Thitame SN, V SK. Malnutrition among under-five tribal children with special focus on dietary intake in Akole block of Western Ghat, Maharashtra, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(3): 165-169. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0719406012018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kumar S, Kawalia S, Thitame SN, V SK. Malnutrition among under-five tribal children with special focus on dietary intake in Akole block of Western Ghat, Maharashtra, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2018), [cited August 21, 2018]; 7(3): 165-169. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0719406012018



Harvard Style

Kumar, S., Kawalia, S., Thitame, S. N. & V, S. K. (2018) Malnutrition among under-five tribal children with special focus on dietary intake in Akole block of Western Ghat, Maharashtra, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 7 (3), 165-169. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0719406012018



Turabian Style

Kumar, Sanjay, Shilpi Kawalia, Sunil N Thitame, and Somasundram K V. 2018. Malnutrition among under-five tribal children with special focus on dietary intake in Akole block of Western Ghat, Maharashtra, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (3), 165-169. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0719406012018



Chicago Style

Kumar, Sanjay, Shilpi Kawalia, Sunil N Thitame, and Somasundram K V. "Malnutrition among under-five tribal children with special focus on dietary intake in Akole block of Western Ghat, Maharashtra, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7 (2018), 165-169. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0719406012018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kumar, Sanjay, Shilpi Kawalia, Sunil N Thitame, and Somasundram K V. "Malnutrition among under-five tribal children with special focus on dietary intake in Akole block of Western Ghat, Maharashtra, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.3 (2018), 165-169. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0719406012018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kumar, S., Kawalia, S., Thitame, S. N. & V, S. K. (2018) Malnutrition among under-five tribal children with special focus on dietary intake in Akole block of Western Ghat, Maharashtra, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (3), 165-169. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0719406012018





Most Viewed Articles
  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Gunthers with haemolytic anaemia extremly rare: A case report
    Nilesh Kumar, Ankur Varshney, Arvind Anand, Dibyaranjan Behera, Ravi Anand, Ashutosh Tiwari
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 472-474
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.313-315

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Recent update on osteoporosis
    Vijender Agrawal, Dharmendra Gupta
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 164-168
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.162-166

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Study of psychological stress among undergraduate medical students of government medical college, Surat.
    Priti Solanky, Binita Desai, Abhay Kavishwar, S. L. Kantharia
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 38-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.38-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 23 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 13 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Clinico-microbiological profile of women with vaginal discharge in a tertiary care hospital of northern India
    Varsha Chaudhary, Ved Prakesh, Kian Agarwal, Vijender Kumar Agrawal, Arun Singh, Sachin Pandey
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 75-80
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.75-80
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Correlation between obesity and cardio respiratory fitness
    Prabha Setty, BV Padmanabha, BR Doddamani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 300-304
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.298-302
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Migration and health-care access: Barriers to access government health services by migrant tribal community living in an eastern Indian city
    Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(1): 101-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.0110201424
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Initial default among tuberculosis patients diagnosed in selected medical colleges of Puducherry: issues and possible interventions
    Divija Pillai, Anil J Purty, Stalin Prabakaran, Zile Singh, Govindarajan Soundappan, Velavan Anandan
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(7): 957-960
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.30012015196
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The surgical approach in huge scrotal lymphedema
    Hiren Dahyabhai Parmar
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 153-155
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.153-155
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]