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Original Research Open Access


Contraceptive use: Its prevalence, awareness, practices and determinants in a rural population of Northern India

Rajiv Kumar Gupta, Parveen Singh, Riya Gupta, Najma Akhtar, Chandini Gupta, Pawan Sharma.

Abstract
Background: Despite decades of formulating and implementing the National Family Welfare Programme, India, has still not attained the desired level of contraception usage.

Objective: The present study aimed to assess the contraception awareness, practices and its determinants among rural eligible couples in Jammu district.

Material and Methods: The present cross-sectional and observational study was conducted among 270 eligible couples in three villages of Kot Bhalwal block which were selected randomly.

Results: Three-fifth of the study population were young adults in 20-29 years age group residing in nuclear families with only <10% of them married before <18 years of age. Contraception prevalence rate was 71.11%. 39% of the respondents were using permanent methods. Among the various correlates, literacy status of wife and type of family were found to significantly affect the contraceptive usage (P < 0.05). Among other variables, no significant association was found between age of marriage, number of children, socioeconomic status and contraceptive usage (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: There was good awareness regarding contraception, but the need is to promote more spacing methods among the eligible couples besides sterilization which still remains the most widely used method. The contraceptive prevalence rate was found to be 71.11%.

Key words: Contraception; Awareness; Practices; Eligible Couples


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Gupta RK, Singh P, Gupta R, Akhtar N, Gupta C, Sharma P. Contraceptive use: Its prevalence, awareness, practices and determinants in a rural population of Northern India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(10): 1543-1547. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824606092017


Web Style

Gupta RK, Singh P, Gupta R, Akhtar N, Gupta C, Sharma P. Contraceptive use: Its prevalence, awareness, practices and determinants in a rural population of Northern India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=276348 [Access: December 18, 2017]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824606092017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Gupta RK, Singh P, Gupta R, Akhtar N, Gupta C, Sharma P. Contraceptive use: Its prevalence, awareness, practices and determinants in a rural population of Northern India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(10): 1543-1547. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824606092017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Gupta RK, Singh P, Gupta R, Akhtar N, Gupta C, Sharma P. Contraceptive use: Its prevalence, awareness, practices and determinants in a rural population of Northern India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited December 18, 2017]; 6(10): 1543-1547. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824606092017



Harvard Style

Gupta, R. K., Singh, P., Gupta, R., Akhtar, N., Gupta, C. & Sharma, P. (2017) Contraceptive use: Its prevalence, awareness, practices and determinants in a rural population of Northern India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (10), 1543-1547. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824606092017



Turabian Style

Gupta, Rajiv Kumar, Parveen Singh, Riya Gupta, Najma Akhtar, Chandini Gupta, and Pawan Sharma. 2017. Contraceptive use: Its prevalence, awareness, practices and determinants in a rural population of Northern India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 6 (10), 1543-1547. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824606092017



Chicago Style

Gupta, Rajiv Kumar, Parveen Singh, Riya Gupta, Najma Akhtar, Chandini Gupta, and Pawan Sharma. "Contraceptive use: Its prevalence, awareness, practices and determinants in a rural population of Northern India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1543-1547. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824606092017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Gupta, Rajiv Kumar, Parveen Singh, Riya Gupta, Najma Akhtar, Chandini Gupta, and Pawan Sharma. "Contraceptive use: Its prevalence, awareness, practices and determinants in a rural population of Northern India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.10 (2017), 1543-1547. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824606092017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Gupta, R. K., Singh, P., Gupta, R., Akhtar, N., Gupta, C. & Sharma, P. (2017) Contraceptive use: Its prevalence, awareness, practices and determinants in a rural population of Northern India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 6 (10), 1543-1547. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824606092017



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