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International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health

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Prevalence of low back pain among female nurses working in secondary and tertiary healthcare, kingdom of Bahrain

Abdulrahman A Qareeballa, Omar A Alhamdan, Aysha A Almutawaa, Islam M Alsayed, Fatema A Kamal, Deema S Al Abdrabbuh, Manar K Al Suwaidi, Mahmood A Rashwan, Abdulrahman M Buhiji, Basheer Aref Makarem.

Abstract
Background: Occupational related illnesses and injuries have high rates in healthcare settings, and low back pain (LBP) in particular, is considered to be the second most prevalent type of pain and one of the leading musculoskeletal disorders. In addition, LBP has tremendously influenced the rates of absenteeism and performance.

Objectives: The objectives of the study were to estimate the prevalence of LBP among nurses and to assess the presence of risk factors, both general and occupational, and the burden caused by LBP.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study used a modified questionnaire to obtain its data. The study was conducted among nurses working in secondary and Tertiary Healthcare in Salmaniya Medical Complex, from June 23, 2016, to January 19, 2017; the sample size being 215 nurses.

Results: Nearly 73.5% of the studied nurses reported that they have suffered from LBP in the previous year. Using Chi-square, it was found that LBP was significantly prevalent among three of the general risk factor groups: Bahraini nurses (92.5%), nurses younger than 30 (92%) and those with a history of musculoskeletal or rheumatological disorders (90.6%). Only three occupational risk factors were found to be significant: Lifting objects, walking, and running for long distances (81.4%, 79.4%, and 70.8%, respectively). As a result of their LBP, 52.5% of the nurses experienced some restrictions in their movements while 43.7% have visited therapists for consultations. Regarding absenteeism, out of the 158 nurses who suffered from LBP, 39% took days off because of their LBP.

Conclusion: LBP is highly prevalent in the studied population and is therefore considered a major concern, with consequences on both individual and governmental levels. Hence, more light should be shed on the matter to help reduce its prevalence and its ensuing effects.

Key words: Low Back Pain; Occupational Health; Nurses


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Qareeballa AA, Alhamdan OA, Almutawaa AA, Alsayed IM, Kamal FA, Abdrabbuh DSA, Suwaidi MKA, Rashwan MA, Buhiji AM, Makarem BA. Prevalence of low back pain among female nurses working in secondary and tertiary healthcare, kingdom of Bahrain. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926412012018


Web Style

Qareeballa AA, Alhamdan OA, Almutawaa AA, Alsayed IM, Kamal FA, Abdrabbuh DSA, Suwaidi MKA, Rashwan MA, Buhiji AM, Makarem BA. Prevalence of low back pain among female nurses working in secondary and tertiary healthcare, kingdom of Bahrain. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=276527 [Access: February 17, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926412012018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Qareeballa AA, Alhamdan OA, Almutawaa AA, Alsayed IM, Kamal FA, Abdrabbuh DSA, Suwaidi MKA, Rashwan MA, Buhiji AM, Makarem BA. Prevalence of low back pain among female nurses working in secondary and tertiary healthcare, kingdom of Bahrain. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926412012018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Qareeballa AA, Alhamdan OA, Almutawaa AA, Alsayed IM, Kamal FA, Abdrabbuh DSA, Suwaidi MKA, Rashwan MA, Buhiji AM, Makarem BA. Prevalence of low back pain among female nurses working in secondary and tertiary healthcare, kingdom of Bahrain. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926412012018



Harvard Style

Qareeballa, A. A., Alhamdan, O. A., Almutawaa, A. A., Alsayed, I. M., Kamal, F. A., Abdrabbuh, D. S. A., Suwaidi, M. K. A., Rashwan, M. A., Buhiji, A. M. & Makarem, B. A. (2018) Prevalence of low back pain among female nurses working in secondary and tertiary healthcare, kingdom of Bahrain. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926412012018



Turabian Style

Qareeballa, Abdulrahman A, Omar A Alhamdan, Aysha A Almutawaa, Islam M Alsayed, Fatema A Kamal, Deema S Al Abdrabbuh, Manar K Al Suwaidi, Mahmood A Rashwan, Abdulrahman M Buhiji, and Basheer Aref Makarem. 2018. Prevalence of low back pain among female nurses working in secondary and tertiary healthcare, kingdom of Bahrain. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926412012018



Chicago Style

Qareeballa, Abdulrahman A, Omar A Alhamdan, Aysha A Almutawaa, Islam M Alsayed, Fatema A Kamal, Deema S Al Abdrabbuh, Manar K Al Suwaidi, Mahmood A Rashwan, Abdulrahman M Buhiji, and Basheer Aref Makarem. "Prevalence of low back pain among female nurses working in secondary and tertiary healthcare, kingdom of Bahrain." doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926412012018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Qareeballa, Abdulrahman A, Omar A Alhamdan, Aysha A Almutawaa, Islam M Alsayed, Fatema A Kamal, Deema S Al Abdrabbuh, Manar K Al Suwaidi, Mahmood A Rashwan, Abdulrahman M Buhiji, and Basheer Aref Makarem. "Prevalence of low back pain among female nurses working in secondary and tertiary healthcare, kingdom of Bahrain." doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926412012018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Qareeballa, A. A., Alhamdan, O. A., Almutawaa, A. A., Alsayed, I. M., Kamal, F. A., Abdrabbuh, D. S. A., Suwaidi, M. K. A., Rashwan, M. A., Buhiji, A. M. & Makarem, B. A. (2018) Prevalence of low back pain among female nurses working in secondary and tertiary healthcare, kingdom of Bahrain. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926412012018



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