E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


A study of the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and their associations with socioeconomic status among young men residing in a rural area, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India

Pradeep Selvaraj, Selvaraj Irulankudi, Preethi Selvaraj.

Abstract
Background: Non-communicable diseases such as diabetes and hypertension are increasing worldwide. Overweight and obesity may be assessed using internationally accepted criteria developed by the World Health Organization and centers for disease control and prevention. Worldwide, over 1.9 billion adults aged 18 years and older are overweight. Around 600 million individuals are having general obesity which is defined as excessive generalized deposition and storage of fat with body mass index more than 25. Abdominal obesity defined as excessive abdominal fat around stomach and abdomen with the waist circumference (WC) more than 90 cm.

Objectives: The objectives of this study are to estimate the prevalence of overweight, general obesity, and abdominal obesity and to examine their associations with socioeconomic status among young men residing in a rural field practice area of SRM Medical College Hospital, Kancheepuram.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done in the rural area of SRM Medical College Hospital involving 150 young adults (men) selected by simple random sampling method. The sample size was calculated based on the prevalence of 32% using the formula Z2αxPxQ/L2. Written informed consent was obtained from all the study participants. Each demographic and socioeconomic data were collected using questionnaires. A structured peer-reviewed questionnaire has been used to collect data regarding demographic characteristics and socioeconomic data. Anthropometric measurements including participant’s weight, height, and WC were assessed.

Results: About 39% of the study participants were found to be overweight and obese. Around 40% of study participants had WC more than 90 cm and about 60% of the study participants with a WC <90 cm. Majority of the study participants among overweight (52.80%), obesity Class I (43.20%), and obesity Class II (56.30%) individuals belongs to the middle socioeconomic class.

Conclusion: These results suggest a high prevalence of abdominal obesity which may be the key factor for metabolic disorders.

Key words: Obesity; Overweight; Socioeconomic Status; Rural Men


 
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Pubmed Style

Selvaraj P, Irulankudi S, Selvaraj P. A study of the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and their associations with socioeconomic status among young men residing in a rural area, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(12): 1670-1673. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0926529092017


Web Style

Selvaraj P, Irulankudi S, Selvaraj P. A study of the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and their associations with socioeconomic status among young men residing in a rural area, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=278180 [Access: October 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0926529092017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Selvaraj P, Irulankudi S, Selvaraj P. A study of the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and their associations with socioeconomic status among young men residing in a rural area, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(12): 1670-1673. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0926529092017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Selvaraj P, Irulankudi S, Selvaraj P. A study of the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and their associations with socioeconomic status among young men residing in a rural area, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited October 22, 2018]; 6(12): 1670-1673. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0926529092017



Harvard Style

Selvaraj, P., Irulankudi, S. & Selvaraj, P. (2017) A study of the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and their associations with socioeconomic status among young men residing in a rural area, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (12), 1670-1673. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0926529092017



Turabian Style

Selvaraj, Pradeep, Selvaraj Irulankudi, and Preethi Selvaraj. 2017. A study of the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and their associations with socioeconomic status among young men residing in a rural area, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (12), 1670-1673. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0926529092017



Chicago Style

Selvaraj, Pradeep, Selvaraj Irulankudi, and Preethi Selvaraj. "A study of the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and their associations with socioeconomic status among young men residing in a rural area, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1670-1673. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0926529092017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Selvaraj, Pradeep, Selvaraj Irulankudi, and Preethi Selvaraj. "A study of the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and their associations with socioeconomic status among young men residing in a rural area, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.12 (2017), 1670-1673. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0926529092017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Selvaraj, P., Irulankudi, S. & Selvaraj, P. (2017) A study of the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and their associations with socioeconomic status among young men residing in a rural area, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (12), 1670-1673. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0926529092017





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