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International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health

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Original Research Open Access


Effect of Nd:YAG laser in the management of posterior capsulotomy after extracapsular cataract extraction

Manjula Mangane, Vishwanath Reddy, Rajashree Reddy.

Abstract
Background: Posterior capsular opacification and other related complications are naturally associated long-term complications of extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE). Neodymium:Yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser is an effective treatment for posterior capsulotomy.

Objectives: To assess the effects and complication on visual acuity following Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy after ECCE with or without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation.

Materials and Methods: A total of 100 patients in between 15 and 85 years age group with significant complications after performing pre-laser assessment were subjected to laser treatment. The treatment is done as an outpatient procedure using VISUALS YAG-II Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. Post-laser treatment follow-up was done after 24 h, 1 week, 1 month, and 6 months interval for the improvement in visual acuity and to detect complications.

Results: Pre-laser visual acuity was <6/60 in 61 patients, 6/246/60 in 29 patients, and in 10 patients it was 6/186/24. Post-operative mild iritis was seen in 3 cases, glare in 3 cases, vitreous floater in 4 cases, and pitting over IOL in 6 cases. Other associated complications such as cystoid macular edema, endophthalmitis, rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, and hyphema were not observed in present study.

Conclusion: Among total cases, 93% cases had improvement in their best-corrected visual acuity. Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy has minimal complications and is a safe and effective treatment procedure for complications associated with ECCE. The results indicate that Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomies performed safe, effective, and carry a low-associated complication rate.

Key words: Neodymium:Yttrium Aluminum Garnet Laser; Extracapsular Cataract Extraction; Posterior Capsular Opacification; Cataract


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mangane M, Reddy V, Reddy R. Effect of Nd:YAG laser in the management of posterior capsulotomy after extracapsular cataract extraction. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1029408112017


Web Style

Mangane M, Reddy V, Reddy R. Effect of Nd:YAG laser in the management of posterior capsulotomy after extracapsular cataract extraction. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=282101 [Access: December 18, 2017]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1029408112017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mangane M, Reddy V, Reddy R. Effect of Nd:YAG laser in the management of posterior capsulotomy after extracapsular cataract extraction. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1029408112017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mangane M, Reddy V, Reddy R. Effect of Nd:YAG laser in the management of posterior capsulotomy after extracapsular cataract extraction. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1029408112017



Harvard Style

Mangane, M., Reddy, V. & Reddy, R. (2018) Effect of Nd:YAG laser in the management of posterior capsulotomy after extracapsular cataract extraction. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1029408112017



Turabian Style

Mangane, Manjula, Vishwanath Reddy, and Rajashree Reddy. 2018. Effect of Nd:YAG laser in the management of posterior capsulotomy after extracapsular cataract extraction. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1029408112017



Chicago Style

Mangane, Manjula, Vishwanath Reddy, and Rajashree Reddy. "Effect of Nd:YAG laser in the management of posterior capsulotomy after extracapsular cataract extraction." doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1029408112017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mangane, Manjula, Vishwanath Reddy, and Rajashree Reddy. "Effect of Nd:YAG laser in the management of posterior capsulotomy after extracapsular cataract extraction." doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1029408112017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mangane, M., Reddy, V. & Reddy, R. (2018) Effect of Nd:YAG laser in the management of posterior capsulotomy after extracapsular cataract extraction. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1029408112017



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Retraction notice [Dec 03, 2016]
Retraction notice [Mar 02, 2015]
Submission of article [Jul 22, 2012]


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