E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Study of prehypertension and hypertension in rural are of Vadodara district

Alok Parekh, Malay Parekh, Divyeshkumar Vadasmiya, Arvind Kumar.

Abstract
Background: Hypertension is an important public health problem worldwide and is the most widely recognized modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease (stroke) and end-stage renal disease.

Aims & Objective: This study is to assess the prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension in rural Vadodara.

Material and Methods: A planned pretested schedule was used to collect data regarding demographic characteristics and blood pressure pattern. The cross-sectional study involved a survey of 260 individuals residing in rural areas of District Vadodara. Chi- square test and ANOVA were used to analyze data.

Results: The proportion of hypertension showed an increasing trend with age. The prevalence of prehypertension was 24.2% and hypertension was 20.4%. The mean systolic as well as diastolic blood pressure patterns were found to be higher with the increase in age. Insignificant differences were found with gender.

Conclusion: Early detection of hypertension can be facilitated by periodic screening of the people regularly. The prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension was found to be high in rural area of Vadodara District.

Key words: Evaluation, Pre hypertension, Hypertension, screening


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Alok Parekh
Articles by Malay Parekh
Articles by Divyeshkumar Vadasmiya
Articles by Arvind Kumar
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 5511
Downloaded: 938


REFERENCES
1. Fuchs FD, Gus M, Moreira LB, Moraes RS, Wiehe M, Pereira GM, et al. Anthropometric indices and the incidence of hypertension: a comparative analysis. Obes Res 2005; 13: 1515-1517.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/oby.2005.184

[Pubmed]   

2. Erem C, Hacihasanoglu A, Kocak M, Deger O, Topbas M. Prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension and associated risk factors among Turkish adults: Trabzon Hypertension Study. J Public Health 2009; 31: 47-58.


3. World Health Report 2002: Reducing risks, promoting health life. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/whr/2002/.


4. Nyamdorj R, Qiao Q, So¨ derberg S, Pitka¨ niemi J, Zimmet P, Shaw J, et al. Comparison of body mass index with waist circumference, waist-to hip ratio, and waist-to-stature ratio as a predictor of hypertension incidence in Mauritius. Journal of Hypertension 2008; 26(5): 866-870.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0b013e3282f624b7

[
Pubmed]   

5. Dalton M, Cameron AJ, Zimmet PZ, et al. Waist circumference, waist-hip ratio and body mass Index and their correlation with cardiovascular disease risk factors in Australian adults. J Intern Med. 2003; 254: 555– 563.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2796.2003.01229.x

[
Pubmed]   

6. Williams PT. Increases in Weight and Body Size Increase the Odds for Hypertension During 7 Years of Follow-up. Obesity 2008; 16: 2541–2548.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/oby.2008.396

[
Pubmed]   

7. Guagnano MT, Ballone E, Colagrande V, Della Vecchia R, Manigrasso MR, Merlitti D, et al. Large waist circumference and risk of hypertension. International Journal of obesity 2001; 25: 1360-1364.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0801722

[
Pubmed]   

8. Lepira FB, M'Buyamba-Kabangu JR, Kayembe KP, Nseka MN. Correlates of serum lipids and lipoproteins in Congolese patients with arterial hypertension. Cardiovasc J S Afr 2005; 16(5): 249- 255.

[
Pubmed]   

9. Agarwal AK. Social classification: The need to update in the present scenario. Indian J Community Med 2008; 33:50-1.

http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0970-0218.39245

[
Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   

10. JNC VII Express: Prevention, detection, evaluation and treatment of high blood pressure. In: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/hypertension/express.pdf; 2003. Accessed on 15th November 2009.


11. Mahmood SE, Bhardwaj P, Srivastava JP, Mathur KP, Zaidi ZH, Shaifali I. Sociodemographic risk factors of cardiovascular disease in rural Lucknow 2012;2 (1): 56-61.


12. Padmavati S. A meta-analysis-National Heart Institute, New Delhi. Ind Heart J 2002; 54:99-102.


13. Yuvaraj BY, NagendraGowda MR,1 and Umakantha AG. Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension in Rural Areas of Davanagere. Indian J Community Med. 2010 January; 35(1): 138–141.

http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0970-0218.62578

[
Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   

14. Midha T, Idris MZ, Saran RK, Srivastav AK, Singh SK.Prevalence and determinants of hypertension in the urban and rural population of a north Indian district. East Afr J Public Health. 2009 Dec;6(3):268-73.

[
Pubmed]   

15. Hypertension control. Technical Report Series: World Health Organization; 1996. Report No.: 862.


16. Chow C, Cardona M, Raju PK, Iyengar S, Sukumar A, Raju R, Colman S, Madhav P, Raju R, Reddy KS, Celermajer D, Neal B. Cardiovascular disease and risk factors among 345 adults in rural India—the Andhra Pradesh Rural Health Initiative. Int J Cardiol. 2007; 116(2): 180–5.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2006.03.043

[
Pubmed]   

17. Kokiwar PR, Rao JG, Shafee MD. Prevalence of Coronary risk factors in a rural community of Andhra Pradesh. Indian J of Public Health. 2009; 53(1): 52–54.

[
Pubmed]   

18. Bhardwaj R, Kandoria A, Marwah R, Vaidya P, Singh B, Dhiman P, Sharma A. Prevalence, Awareness and Control of Hypertension in Rural Communities of Himachal Pradesh JAPI 2010;58:423-25.


19. Kokiwar PR, Gupta SS, Durge PM. Prevalence of Hypertension in a Rural Community of Central India. J A P I 2012;60:26-29.

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alok Parekh, Malay Parekh, Divyeshkumar Vadasmiya, Arvind Kumar. Study of prehypertension and hypertension in rural are of Vadodara district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 117-120. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.117-120


Web Style

Alok Parekh, Malay Parekh, Divyeshkumar Vadasmiya, Arvind Kumar. Study of prehypertension and hypertension in rural are of Vadodara district. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=28544 [Access: February 15, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.117-120


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alok Parekh, Malay Parekh, Divyeshkumar Vadasmiya, Arvind Kumar. Study of prehypertension and hypertension in rural are of Vadodara district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 117-120. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.117-120



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alok Parekh, Malay Parekh, Divyeshkumar Vadasmiya, Arvind Kumar. Study of prehypertension and hypertension in rural are of Vadodara district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2013), [cited February 15, 2020]; 2(1): 117-120. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.117-120



Harvard Style

Alok Parekh, Malay Parekh, Divyeshkumar Vadasmiya, Arvind Kumar (2013) Study of prehypertension and hypertension in rural are of Vadodara district. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 2 (1), 117-120. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.117-120



Turabian Style

Alok Parekh, Malay Parekh, Divyeshkumar Vadasmiya, Arvind Kumar. 2013. Study of prehypertension and hypertension in rural are of Vadodara district. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (1), 117-120. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.117-120



Chicago Style

Alok Parekh, Malay Parekh, Divyeshkumar Vadasmiya, Arvind Kumar. "Study of prehypertension and hypertension in rural are of Vadodara district." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2 (2013), 117-120. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.117-120



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alok Parekh, Malay Parekh, Divyeshkumar Vadasmiya, Arvind Kumar. "Study of prehypertension and hypertension in rural are of Vadodara district." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2.1 (2013), 117-120. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.117-120



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alok Parekh, Malay Parekh, Divyeshkumar Vadasmiya, Arvind Kumar (2013) Study of prehypertension and hypertension in rural are of Vadodara district. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (1), 117-120. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.117-120





Most Viewed Articles
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 34 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 16 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]