E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Prevalence of depression and its determinants among elderly population in a rural area of Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu

Venkatachalam J, Muthukumar T, Madhanraj K, Sathya G R.

Abstract
Background: Globally, the proportion of elderly population is in rise, and as age advances, there is an increased morbidity and disability. Depression is the most usual mental disorder in the elderly, but usually under diagnosed and undertreated. The phenomenon of old age coupled with depression is a serious public health problem which needs to be addressed.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence and determinants of elderly population in a rural area of Tamil Nadu.

Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried among 351 elderly participants during November–December 2014 residing in a rural area of Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu. Data were collected using a predesigned and pretested questionnaire including the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale by the trained interns. Multivariate analysis was done to identify the independent predictors of depression among the elderly.

Results: Of the 351 participants, 70 (19.9%) 95% confidence interval (17.7–22.03) of the people had depression. Unemployment, nuclear family, socioeconomic status, relationship with family members, financial support, and living with a spouse were identified as independent predictors for depression.

Conclusion: The prevalence of depression was 19.9%, and it was high among the people above the age group of 70 years, respondent belongs to the upper class, and unemployed and unsatisfactory relationship with children was associated with depression.

Key words: Depression; Prevalence; Geriatric Depression Scale


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Venkatachalam J
Articles by Muthukumar T
Articles by Madhanraj K
Articles by Sathya G R
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 500
Downloaded: 208
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

J V, T M, K M, R SG. Prevalence of depression and its determinants among elderly population in a rural area of Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(2): 147-152. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1233403012018


Web Style

J V, T M, K M, R SG. Prevalence of depression and its determinants among elderly population in a rural area of Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=285970 [Access: July 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1233403012018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

J V, T M, K M, R SG. Prevalence of depression and its determinants among elderly population in a rural area of Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(2): 147-152. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1233403012018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

J V, T M, K M, R SG. Prevalence of depression and its determinants among elderly population in a rural area of Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2018), [cited July 22, 2018]; 7(2): 147-152. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1233403012018



Harvard Style

J, V., T, M., K, M. & R, S. G. (2018) Prevalence of depression and its determinants among elderly population in a rural area of Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 7 (2), 147-152. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1233403012018



Turabian Style

J, Venkatachalam, Muthukumar T, Madhanraj K, and Sathya G R. 2018. Prevalence of depression and its determinants among elderly population in a rural area of Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (2), 147-152. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1233403012018



Chicago Style

J, Venkatachalam, Muthukumar T, Madhanraj K, and Sathya G R. "Prevalence of depression and its determinants among elderly population in a rural area of Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7 (2018), 147-152. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1233403012018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

J, Venkatachalam, Muthukumar T, Madhanraj K, and Sathya G R. "Prevalence of depression and its determinants among elderly population in a rural area of Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.2 (2018), 147-152. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1233403012018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

J, V., T, M., K, M. & R, S. G. (2018) Prevalence of depression and its determinants among elderly population in a rural area of Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (2), 147-152. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.1233403012018





Most Viewed Articles
  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Gunthers with haemolytic anaemia extremly rare: A case report
    Nilesh Kumar, Ankur Varshney, Arvind Anand, Dibyaranjan Behera, Ravi Anand, Ashutosh Tiwari
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 472-474
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.313-315

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Recent update on osteoporosis
    Vijender Agrawal, Dharmendra Gupta
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 164-168
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.162-166

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Study of psychological stress among undergraduate medical students of government medical college, Surat.
    Priti Solanky, Binita Desai, Abhay Kavishwar, S. L. Kantharia
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 38-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.38-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 21 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 13 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Clinico-microbiological profile of women with vaginal discharge in a tertiary care hospital of northern India
    Varsha Chaudhary, Ved Prakesh, Kian Agarwal, Vijender Kumar Agrawal, Arun Singh, Sachin Pandey
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 75-80
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.75-80
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Correlation between obesity and cardio respiratory fitness
    Prabha Setty, BV Padmanabha, BR Doddamani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 300-304
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.298-302
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and clinical characteristics of autism spectrum disorders in school-age children in Taif- KSA
    Ali H.S Al-Zahrani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 578-582
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.160420133
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Electrocardiographic changes during acute mental stress
    Arpana Bhide, Rajasekhar Durgaprasad, Latheef Kasala, Vanajakshamma Velam, Narendra Hulikal
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(5): 835-838
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015137
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Importance of cardiac marker enzymes (Aspartate transaminase and troponin I) in acute myocardial infarction: A case-control study from South India
    Vuddandi Prabodh, Deva Prakash, Godi Sudhakar, Yeruva Reddy, Nadella Chowdary, Sripada Desai, Ravi Shekhara
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 118-120
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.118-120
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Role of HRCT temporal bone in pre operative evaluation of choesteatoma
    Chintan Shah, Pinal Shah, Satish Shah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(1): 69-72
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.031020131
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]