E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Interventional study on oral health among school children of Gandhinagar district of Gujarat

Hardikkumar B Yagnik, Mrudula K Lala, Priyank D Algotar, Yamini J Gurjar, Shalu R Chaudhary.

Abstract
Background: The lack of national oral health policy and organized school oral health programs in the country call for affordable, accessible, and sustainable strategies.

Objectives: The objectives were to compare the oral hygiene, plaque, and gingival status among school children receiving oral health education by doctors with help of audiovisual aids and brochure. Knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) about oral health were also assessed.

Materials and Methods: Interventional study was done in 340 students of class 46 (911 years), who were present at time of study over period of 6 months. Conveniently, two schools were selected from Gandhinagar district. Predesigned questionnaire was used to evaluate the demographic background, oral health KAP of young school children about their oral health, and dental treatment. Oral health education was given, and oral check was done. Post-intervention was done after 6 months on 301 children due to absent of 39 students. Data were analyzed using MS Excel 2007 and Epi Info and χ2 test were applied.

Results: A total of 87 (28.9%) children would brush their teeth twice per day, and 172 (57.1%) would brush only once per day. Practice regarding oral hygiene was improved after intervention. Association between oral hygiene and socioeconomic status (S.E.) status was found statistically significant (P < 0.05). A total of 240 (79.7%) students had good oral hygiene after intervention as compared to before intervention (68.4%) and it was statically significant (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Significant improvement seen in oral hygiene and practice regarding oral hygiene after intervention. Study signified that lower S.E. class has poor oral hygiene compared to higher S.E. class.

Key words: Children; Intervention; Oral Health; Oral Hygiene; Socioeconomic Status


 
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Pubmed Style

Yagnik HB, Lala MK, Algotar PD, Gurjar YJ, Chaudhary SR. Interventional study on oral health among school children of Gandhinagar district of Gujarat. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(1): 17-20. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0100328092018


Web Style

Yagnik HB, Lala MK, Algotar PD, Gurjar YJ, Chaudhary SR. Interventional study on oral health among school children of Gandhinagar district of Gujarat. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=287256 [Access: January 20, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0100328092018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Yagnik HB, Lala MK, Algotar PD, Gurjar YJ, Chaudhary SR. Interventional study on oral health among school children of Gandhinagar district of Gujarat. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(1): 17-20. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0100328092018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Yagnik HB, Lala MK, Algotar PD, Gurjar YJ, Chaudhary SR. Interventional study on oral health among school children of Gandhinagar district of Gujarat. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2019), [cited January 20, 2019]; 8(1): 17-20. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0100328092018



Harvard Style

Yagnik, H. B., Lala, . M. K., Algotar, . P. D., Gurjar, . Y. J. & Chaudhary, . S. R. (2019) Interventional study on oral health among school children of Gandhinagar district of Gujarat. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 8 (1), 17-20. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0100328092018



Turabian Style

Yagnik, Hardikkumar B, Mrudula K Lala, Priyank D Algotar, Yamini J Gurjar, and Shalu R Chaudhary. 2019. Interventional study on oral health among school children of Gandhinagar district of Gujarat. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (1), 17-20. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0100328092018



Chicago Style

Yagnik, Hardikkumar B, Mrudula K Lala, Priyank D Algotar, Yamini J Gurjar, and Shalu R Chaudhary. "Interventional study on oral health among school children of Gandhinagar district of Gujarat." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8 (2019), 17-20. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0100328092018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Yagnik, Hardikkumar B, Mrudula K Lala, Priyank D Algotar, Yamini J Gurjar, and Shalu R Chaudhary. "Interventional study on oral health among school children of Gandhinagar district of Gujarat." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8.1 (2019), 17-20. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0100328092018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Yagnik, H. B., Lala, . M. K., Algotar, . P. D., Gurjar, . Y. J. & Chaudhary, . S. R. (2019) Interventional study on oral health among school children of Gandhinagar district of Gujarat. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (1), 17-20. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0100328092018





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