E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Carotid doppler evaluation in patients with ischemic stroke and its association with high risk factors

Vitan Patel, Mahendra Parmar, Milind Chudhari.

Abstract
Background: Strokes are the second largest cause of death and dementia and the leading cause of disability. With the rise of incidence in developing nation, primary and secondary prevention of strokes is of paramount importance. Carotid Doppler could be invaluable in achieving this, especially because its result can dictate future treatment plan.

Objectives: Our study aims to highlight the importance of Carotid Doppler Sonography in this stroke prevention efforts as well as exploring how various risk factors may be associated with carotid Doppler findings.

Materials and Methods: In this observational study, 46 patients with ischemic strokes were studied. Carotid Doppler was performed in all patients with emphasis on carotid artery stenosis and Intima thickening. Association of various risk factors was studied in detail.

Results: Higher degree of stenosis was associated with hypoechoic plaques and cortical strokes. Hypertension was the most common and most significant risk factor. Multiple risk factors also appear to have synergistic actions.

Conclusion: Various modifiable risk factors provide valuable target for primary and secondary prevention of stroke. Carotid Doppler is a very cheap and highly effective tool for further management of stroke patients. Even in asymptomatic patients, risk factors may warrant precautionary carotid Doppler, and may result in significant reduction in disease burden on the families and the community, and should be encouraged.

Key words: Carotid Doppler; Carotid Intima Media Thickening; Ischemic Stroke


 
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Pubmed Style

Vitan Patel, Mahendra Parmar, Milind Chudhari. Carotid doppler evaluation in patients with ischemic stroke and its association with high risk factors. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(4): 277-281. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0101127012018


Web Style

Vitan Patel, Mahendra Parmar, Milind Chudhari. Carotid doppler evaluation in patients with ischemic stroke and its association with high risk factors. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=287859 [Access: December 10, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0101127012018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Vitan Patel, Mahendra Parmar, Milind Chudhari. Carotid doppler evaluation in patients with ischemic stroke and its association with high risk factors. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(4): 277-281. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0101127012018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Vitan Patel, Mahendra Parmar, Milind Chudhari. Carotid doppler evaluation in patients with ischemic stroke and its association with high risk factors. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2018), [cited December 10, 2018]; 7(4): 277-281. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0101127012018



Harvard Style

Vitan Patel, Mahendra Parmar, Milind Chudhari (2018) Carotid doppler evaluation in patients with ischemic stroke and its association with high risk factors. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 7 (4), 277-281. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0101127012018



Turabian Style

Vitan Patel, Mahendra Parmar, Milind Chudhari. 2018. Carotid doppler evaluation in patients with ischemic stroke and its association with high risk factors. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (4), 277-281. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0101127012018



Chicago Style

Vitan Patel, Mahendra Parmar, Milind Chudhari. "Carotid doppler evaluation in patients with ischemic stroke and its association with high risk factors." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7 (2018), 277-281. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0101127012018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Vitan Patel, Mahendra Parmar, Milind Chudhari. "Carotid doppler evaluation in patients with ischemic stroke and its association with high risk factors." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.4 (2018), 277-281. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0101127012018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Vitan Patel, Mahendra Parmar, Milind Chudhari (2018) Carotid doppler evaluation in patients with ischemic stroke and its association with high risk factors. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (4), 277-281. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0101127012018





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