IJMSPH

International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health

« Previous Article
Next Article »

Original Research Open Access


Association of depression, stress, and anxiety with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A case–control study

Niniya Jayaprasad, Prakash R Bhatkule, Uday W Narlawar.

Abstract
Background: The burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing due to aging, rising living standards, and changing lifestyles. Along with this, the presence of some psychological factors such as depression, anxiety, and stress have also been hypothesized as potential risk factors for T2DM.

Objectives: The objective is to study the association of depression, anxiety, and stress with T2DM.

Materials and Methods: This case–control study was conducted in diabetes outpatient department and urban field practice area of GMC Nagpur with 100 cases and 100 age- and gender-matched controls, respectively. Apart from assessing sociodemographic details and anthropometric measurement, the presence and severity of depression, anxiety, and stress were assessed using Hindi translated and validated version of Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-21. Chi-square for linear trend followed by crude and age-gender adjusted odds ratio (OR) was calculated for each factor under the study.

Results: A positive linear association was seen with increasing levels of each depression, anxiety, stress, and T2DM. A strong association was seen between the presence of depression, anxiety, stress, and T2DM, AOR = 4.02 (2.48–8.05), 5.77 (3.03–10.98), and 6.71 (3.56–12.63), respectively.

Conclusion: Depression, stress, and anxiety were seen to be strongly associated with T2DM.

Key words: Depression; Stress; Anxiety; Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Niniya Jayaprasad
Articles by Prakash R Bhatkule
Articles by Uday W Narlawar
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 21
Downloaded: 13
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Jayaprasad N, Bhatkule PR, Narlawar UW. Association of depression, stress, and anxiety with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A case–control study. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103127012018


Web Style

Jayaprasad N, Bhatkule PR, Narlawar UW. Association of depression, stress, and anxiety with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A case–control study. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=289075 [Access: February 17, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103127012018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Jayaprasad N, Bhatkule PR, Narlawar UW. Association of depression, stress, and anxiety with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A case–control study. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103127012018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Jayaprasad N, Bhatkule PR, Narlawar UW. Association of depression, stress, and anxiety with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A case–control study. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103127012018



Harvard Style

Jayaprasad, N., Bhatkule, P. R. & Narlawar, U. W. (2018) Association of depression, stress, and anxiety with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A case–control study. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103127012018



Turabian Style

Jayaprasad, Niniya, Prakash R Bhatkule, and Uday W Narlawar. 2018. Association of depression, stress, and anxiety with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A case–control study. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103127012018



Chicago Style

Jayaprasad, Niniya, Prakash R Bhatkule, and Uday W Narlawar. "Association of depression, stress, and anxiety with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A case–control study." doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103127012018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Jayaprasad, Niniya, Prakash R Bhatkule, and Uday W Narlawar. "Association of depression, stress, and anxiety with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A case–control study." doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103127012018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Jayaprasad, N., Bhatkule, P. R. & Narlawar, U. W. (2018) Association of depression, stress, and anxiety with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A case–control study. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103127012018



latest news

Retraction notice [Dec 03, 2016]
Retraction notice [Mar 02, 2015]
Submission of article [Jul 22, 2012]


The articles in this Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.