E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


A study of overweight and obesity among adults in a rural area of Varanasi district

Richa, Shamshad Ahmad, Chandra Pati Mishra, Gyan Prakash Singh.

Abstract
Background: Overweight and obesity are increasingly common conditions in India. It is important to assess the trend of obesity in particular geographical location. In this context there was a research question to know the extent of overweight and obesity among adults in a rural area of Varanasi district.

Objectives: The objectives of the study were to determine the prevalence of obesity and overweight among adults in a rural area and the factors associated with it.

Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Chiraigaon Development Block of Varanasi District. 201 adults were included in the study. Data were collected by the house to house survey using a predesigned and pretested questionnaire. International cutoff points of body mass index (BMI) was used to classify as overweight (BMI ≥2530) and obese (BMI >30). Simple proportions were calculated, and χ2 Chi-square, ANOVA and logistic regression were applied for statistical significance using SPSS version 17.

Results: 22.9% of the study subjects had BMI more than 25 kg/m2. BMI was maximum in 4554 years in male subjects while in females it was maximum in 5564-years age group. Overall, the prevalence of abdominal obesity was 16.4%. Adults belonging to other backward caste were noticed at a higher risk of obesity.

Conclusion: The extent of problem of overweight and obesity was high in rural area.

Key words: Body Mass Index; Central Obesity; Obesity; Overweight


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

, Ahmad S, Mishra CP, Singh GP. A study of overweight and obesity among adults in a rural area of Varanasi district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(4): 329-332. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103401022018


Web Style

, Ahmad S, Mishra CP, Singh GP. A study of overweight and obesity among adults in a rural area of Varanasi district. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=289468 [Access: April 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103401022018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

, Ahmad S, Mishra CP, Singh GP. A study of overweight and obesity among adults in a rural area of Varanasi district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(4): 329-332. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103401022018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

, Ahmad S, Mishra CP, Singh GP. A study of overweight and obesity among adults in a rural area of Varanasi district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2018), [cited April 22, 2018]; 7(4): 329-332. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103401022018



Harvard Style

, Ahmad, S., Mishra, C. P. & Singh, G. P. (2018) A study of overweight and obesity among adults in a rural area of Varanasi district. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 7 (4), 329-332. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103401022018



Turabian Style

, Shamshad Ahmad, Chandra Pati Mishra, and Gyan Prakash Singh. 2018. A study of overweight and obesity among adults in a rural area of Varanasi district. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (4), 329-332. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103401022018



Chicago Style

, Shamshad Ahmad, Chandra Pati Mishra, and Gyan Prakash Singh. "A study of overweight and obesity among adults in a rural area of Varanasi district." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7 (2018), 329-332. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103401022018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Shamshad Ahmad, Chandra Pati Mishra, and Gyan Prakash Singh. "A study of overweight and obesity among adults in a rural area of Varanasi district." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.4 (2018), 329-332. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103401022018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, Ahmad, S., Mishra, C. P. & Singh, G. P. (2018) A study of overweight and obesity among adults in a rural area of Varanasi district. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (4), 329-332. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0103401022018





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