E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Prevalence and predictors of tobacco and alcohol use among adults in rural area of Varanasi district

Richa, Shamshad Ahmad, Gyan Prakash Singh, Chandra Pati Mishra.

Abstract
Background: What is the extent of tobacco and alcohol use among adults in a rural area of Varanasi district?

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of tobacco and alcohol use among adults in a rural area and the factors associated with it.

Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Chiraigaon Development Block of Varanasi district. 201 adults were included in the study. Data were collected by house-to-house survey. The World Health Organization STEPwise tool was used as the study instrument to assess the behavioral risk factors. Simple proportions were calculated and Chi-square and logistic regression was applied for statistical significance using SPSS Version 17.

Results: Overall, the prevalence of tobacco use was 46.3%. About one-third of the females were using tobacco users. 15.9% of the subjects were current alcohol consumers. 31 out of 32 alcoholics were tobacco users.

Conclusion: The study showed a high burden of tobacco and alcohol use was high in rural area.

Key words: Tobacco Use; Alcohol Use; Non-communicable Diseases


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

, Ahmad S, Singh GP, Mishra CP. Prevalence and predictors of tobacco and alcohol use among adults in rural area of Varanasi district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(5): 354-358. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0204812022018


Web Style

, Ahmad S, Singh GP, Mishra CP. Prevalence and predictors of tobacco and alcohol use among adults in rural area of Varanasi district. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=290531 [Access: August 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0204812022018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

, Ahmad S, Singh GP, Mishra CP. Prevalence and predictors of tobacco and alcohol use among adults in rural area of Varanasi district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(5): 354-358. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0204812022018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

, Ahmad S, Singh GP, Mishra CP. Prevalence and predictors of tobacco and alcohol use among adults in rural area of Varanasi district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2018), [cited August 21, 2018]; 7(5): 354-358. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0204812022018



Harvard Style

, Ahmad, S., Singh, G. P. & Mishra, C. P. (2018) Prevalence and predictors of tobacco and alcohol use among adults in rural area of Varanasi district. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 7 (5), 354-358. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0204812022018



Turabian Style

, Shamshad Ahmad, Gyan Prakash Singh, and Chandra Pati Mishra. 2018. Prevalence and predictors of tobacco and alcohol use among adults in rural area of Varanasi district. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (5), 354-358. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0204812022018



Chicago Style

, Shamshad Ahmad, Gyan Prakash Singh, and Chandra Pati Mishra. "Prevalence and predictors of tobacco and alcohol use among adults in rural area of Varanasi district." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7 (2018), 354-358. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0204812022018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Shamshad Ahmad, Gyan Prakash Singh, and Chandra Pati Mishra. "Prevalence and predictors of tobacco and alcohol use among adults in rural area of Varanasi district." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.5 (2018), 354-358. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0204812022018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, Ahmad, S., Singh, G. P. & Mishra, C. P. (2018) Prevalence and predictors of tobacco and alcohol use among adults in rural area of Varanasi district. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (5), 354-358. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0204812022018





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