E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


A study on overweight and obesity among schoolgoing adolescent girls in a district of Northern India

Nirpal Kaur Shukla, Siraj Ahmad, Jai Vir Singh, Mukesh Shukla, Sneha Soni, Ram Shukla.

Abstract
Background: Among emerging public health problems globally, obesity remains a major cause associated with number of cardiovascular diseases.

Objectives: Thus, the aim of present research work is to study the factors associated with overweight and obesity among schoolgoing adolescent girls.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 2400 schoolgoing adolescent girls in Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, India from June 2016 to May 2017. Multistage sampling was used for enrolment of the study subjects. A pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire was used for obtaining information related to biosocial, dietary, and physical activity-related information. Body weight and height were recorded for calculating body mass index (BMI). The WHO BMI-for-age cutoff classification of girls was used for the assessment of overweight and obesity.

Results: On multivariate analysis, middle- and upper-socioeconomic status (odds ratio [OR]: 11.82; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 10.0113.63, P = 0.00), general category (OR: 2.12; 95% CI: 1.982.26, P = 0.03), urban residence (OR: 1.84; 95% CI: 1.322.36, P = 0.01), mode of travel to school via bus (OR: 9.82; 95% CI: 7.5610.08, P = 0.00), absence of outdoor physical activity (OR: 1.80; 95% CI: 1.661.94, P = 0.03), non-intake of vegetables everyday (OR: 2.21; 95% CI: 1.692.73, P = 0.00), and non-vegetarian dietary habits (OR: 2.08; 95% CI: 1.832.33, P = 0.01) were found to be the independent predictors of obesity and overweight among schoolgoing adolescent girls.

Conclusion: There is need for comprehensive school-based awareness interventions with health education packages to focus importance of healthy nutrition and lifestyle for preventing obesity.

Key words: Adolescents; Obesity; Overweight


 
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Pubmed Style

Nirpal Kaur Shukla| Siraj Ahmad| Jai Vir Singh| Mukesh Shukla| Sneha Soni| Ram Shukla. A study on overweight and obesity among schoolgoing adolescent girls in a district of Northern India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(6): 474-480. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0205319032018


Web Style

Nirpal Kaur Shukla| Siraj Ahmad| Jai Vir Singh| Mukesh Shukla| Sneha Soni| Ram Shukla. A study on overweight and obesity among schoolgoing adolescent girls in a district of Northern India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=291142 [Access: October 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0205319032018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nirpal Kaur Shukla| Siraj Ahmad| Jai Vir Singh| Mukesh Shukla| Sneha Soni| Ram Shukla. A study on overweight and obesity among schoolgoing adolescent girls in a district of Northern India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(6): 474-480. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0205319032018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nirpal Kaur Shukla| Siraj Ahmad| Jai Vir Singh| Mukesh Shukla| Sneha Soni| Ram Shukla. A study on overweight and obesity among schoolgoing adolescent girls in a district of Northern India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2018), [cited October 22, 2018]; 7(6): 474-480. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0205319032018



Harvard Style

Nirpal Kaur Shukla| Siraj Ahmad| Jai Vir Singh| Mukesh Shukla| Sneha Soni| Ram Shukla (2018) A study on overweight and obesity among schoolgoing adolescent girls in a district of Northern India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 7 (6), 474-480. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0205319032018



Turabian Style

Nirpal Kaur Shukla| Siraj Ahmad| Jai Vir Singh| Mukesh Shukla| Sneha Soni| Ram Shukla. 2018. A study on overweight and obesity among schoolgoing adolescent girls in a district of Northern India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (6), 474-480. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0205319032018



Chicago Style

Nirpal Kaur Shukla| Siraj Ahmad| Jai Vir Singh| Mukesh Shukla| Sneha Soni| Ram Shukla. "A study on overweight and obesity among schoolgoing adolescent girls in a district of Northern India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7 (2018), 474-480. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0205319032018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nirpal Kaur Shukla| Siraj Ahmad| Jai Vir Singh| Mukesh Shukla| Sneha Soni| Ram Shukla. "A study on overweight and obesity among schoolgoing adolescent girls in a district of Northern India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.6 (2018), 474-480. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0205319032018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nirpal Kaur Shukla| Siraj Ahmad| Jai Vir Singh| Mukesh Shukla| Sneha Soni| Ram Shukla (2018) A study on overweight and obesity among schoolgoing adolescent girls in a district of Northern India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (6), 474-480. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0205319032018





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